First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Human and Social Sciences and Cultural Heritage
Course unit
SFN1027627, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2019/20

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
SF1333, Degree course structure A.Y. 2011/12, A.Y. 2019/20
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Degree course track Common track
Number of ECTS credits allocated 9.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY
Department of reference Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education and Applied Psychology
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge ROBERTO GILARDI M-FIL/06

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses M-FIL/03 Moral Philosophy 2.0
Basic courses M-FIL/06 History of Philosophy 7.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 9.0 63 162.0 No turn

Start of activities 02/03/2020
End of activities 12/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2011 course timetable

Prerequisites: No requirements are needed.
Target skills and knowledge: The course aims at a critically and methodologically accurate sketch of some of the significant moments in the history of philosophical thought, with reference to theories concerning the self, consciousness and personal identity, to be completed by a reading of texts by Descartes, Locke and Popper. By analyzing their works and discussing some of the fundamental theoretical points contained in them, the course also aims at enabling every student to understand the thought of Descartes, Locke and Popper autonomously.
Meanwhile, other lectures will place each of the selected philosophers in his own historical context.
Examination methods: The exam is a written test. It will take place at the end of the course and will be based on four open questions.
At least two of them will ask for explaining passages from Descartes, Locke or Popper's works, from which their own solutions to the body-mind or the self existence and identity problems may be deduced. They will aim at verifying student's direct knowledge and deeper understanding of the theories of those philosophers.
The third question will be concerned with their actuality above all in psychological or scientific contemporary discussions, while the last question will be about a general theme concerning remaining thinkers (especially Hume).
Assessment criteria: The exam's aim is to check the students' knowledge of fundamental concepts and theories worked out by Descartes, Locke, Hume and Popper concerning a person, the self and the mind; their ability to read critically and to understand some selected texts, where there is evidence of those theories; finally, their ability to value with effectiveness the influence they have had and they still can have today, both from a philosophical or scientific and pedagogical or moral point of view.
Course unit contents: 1. A general knowledge of the philosophical ideas in Descartes, Locke, Hume and Popper.
2. A few modern and contemporary theories concerning the self, consciousness and personal identity.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Firstly, Descartes' dualism will be founded in its own historical and conceptual context, by analyzing the "Discorso sul metodo", and then critically inserted in philosophical and psychological controversies of today about Descartes.
Secondly, Locke's chapter on personal identity in the "Essay concerning Human Understanding" will be thought of and contextually talked over in the light of present-day psychological theories of personality.
Thirdly, Popper's solution to the body-mind problem by means of the so-called "three worlds theory" will be confronted with both Descartes' dualism and many scientific points of view which contrast it today.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Descartes R., Discorso sul metodo. --: --, --. Qualsiasi edizione, purché integrale Cerca nel catalogo
  • Damasio, A. R., L'errore di Cartesio. Emozione, ragione e cervello umano. Milano: Adelphi, 1995. Solo le pp. 333-360 Cerca nel catalogo
  • Ryle, G., Il concetto di mente. Bari-Roma: Laterza, 2007. Solo le pp. V-XVIII, e 3-19 Cerca nel catalogo
  • Locke, J., Saggio sull'intelligenza umana. --: --, --. Il solo capitolo XXVII del Secondo libro, intitolato "Dell'identità e della diversità", in qualsiasi edizione Cerca nel catalogo
  • Di Francesco, M., L'io e i suoi sé. Identità personale e scienza della mente. Milano: Raffaello Cortina, 1998. Unicamente le pp. 65-84 Cerca nel catalogo
  • Popper, K. R., La conoscenza e il problema corpo-mente. Bologna: Il Mulino, 1996. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Nannini, S., L'anima e il corpo. Un'introduzione storica alla filosofia della mente. Bari-Roma: Laterza, 2002. Solo le pp. 147-152. Cerca nel catalogo