First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
Course unit
SC02122203, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2019/20

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
SC1168, Degree course structure A.Y. 2016/17, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 8.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination HUMAN ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY, PATHOLOGY
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Physics and Astronomy
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge LAURA CIVIERO BIO/09

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines BIO/09 Physiology 3.0
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines BIO/17 Histology 3.0
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines MED/04 General Pathology 2.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 8.0 64 136.0 No turn

Start of activities 02/03/2020
End of activities 12/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2016 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
6 Anatomofisiopatologia umana 20/03/2019 30/11/2019 BUBACCO LUIGI (Presidente)
CIVIERO LAURA (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: Basic knowledge of physics, chemistry and fundamentals of biology
Target skills and knowledge: The course is subdivided into two parts: i) Physiology and Anatomy and ii) Pathology. The Physiology and Anatomy section provides the basis for the understanding of anatomical and functional processes at different levels (cells - tissues - organs - apparatuses) with a focus on exchanges of matter, energy and information. The course also underlines the mechanisms of functional integration between compartments and the importance of the homeostatic control of the organism. The Pathology section aims to provide the tools for the understanding of the cellular mechanisms that underlie pathologies, with particular attention to inflammatory and immunological processes.
Examination methods: Written test. The acquired knowledge will be tested by 5 open questions (4 for the Physiology module and 1 for the Pathology module) based on the topics covered during classes. The exam evaluation is based on completeness of the information provided in each answer, on the ability to link different concepts (logical consequence) and on the possible presence of errors. The answer to each question will be evaluated numerically and the total score of the test will result from the average of the scores reported in the individual answers.
Assessment criteria: The criteria by which the testing of the acquired knowledge will be carried out are:
- Understanding of the topics covered
- Completeness of acquired knowledge
- Ability to synthesize
- Properties of the terminology used.
Course unit contents: 1- Electric signaling. Passive electrical properties of the membrane; Nernst potential and resting membrane potential; action potentials; conductor cable model. Electrical and chemical synapses. Notes on sensory receptors and codification of stimulus intensity.
2- The nervous system. Anatomo-functional organization of the nervous system; the central nervous system; the sympathetic and parasympathetic autonomic nervous system.
3- The muscle. Mechanisms of excitability and contractility of skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle tissue; excitation-contraction coupling; tetany and recruitment of motor units of skeletal muscle; myogenic excitement of the heart muscle; mechanism of contraction of smooth muscle cells, endocrine and nervous control of smooth and cardiac muscle; muscle anatomy.
4- The endocrine system. Classification of hormones and hormone-control endocrine correlation; the neuroendocrine system.
5- The circulatory system. The heart and blood vessels; the heart as a propulsion organ: electrical and mechanical properties; hemodynamics; nervous and hormonal regulation of blood pressure.
6-The respiratory system. Anatomo-functional organization: the lungs and the bronchi; the ventilation; the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide; pH regulation.
7-The excretory system. Anatomo-functional kidney organization; ultrafiltration, renal re absorption and urine concentration.

1-innate immunity and inflammation. components, role and function of the components of the innate immune system; inflammatory mechanisms: causes, modality and resolution.
2-Chronic inflammation. persistence of inflammatory stimulus, and establishment of chronic inflammation. main types of chronic inflammation
3-Repair of wounds. healing by first and second intention, mechanisms of tissue repair and complications in wound healing.
4-Adoptive immunity. components of the adaptive immune system, b and t lymphocytes, antigenic stimulation, development of the immune response, antibody production, immunological memory, vaccination concepts.
5-Allergies. regulation of the immune system in allergies, cellular and molecular bases of local and systemic allergic processes.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Lectures are organized in order to stimulate the active participation of students during discussion. Lessons are presented using power point slides with the support of images and diagrams. Teaching is interactive, involving students through questions, to promote discussion and critical reflection.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Before starting each section, the power point slides are made available to the students. If necessary, articles from scientific journals on innovative topics are provided.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Zocchi, Luciano; D'Arcangelo, Giovanna, Principi di fisiologiaLuciano ZocchiGiovanna D'Arcangelo ... [et al.]. Napoli: EdiSES, 2012. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Pontieri, Giuseppe Mario, Elementi di patologia generaleper i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarieG. M. Pontieri. Padova: Piccin, 2012, --. Cerca nel catalogo