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degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
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degree courses
School of Science
Course unit
SCN1028275, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2019/20

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
SC1165, Degree course structure A.Y. 2008/09, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 15.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination CHEMISTRY
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Biology
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge CRISTINA TUBARO CHIM/03

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses CHIM/02 Physical Chemistry 4.0
Basic courses CHIM/03 General and Inorganic Chemistry 7.0
Basic courses CHIM/06 Organic Chemistry 4.0

Course unit organization
Period Annual
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 3.0 48 27.0 No turn
Lecture 12.0 96 204.0 No turn

Start of activities 30/09/2019
End of activities 20/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2008 course timetable

Prerequisites: No prerequisites
Target skills and knowledge: The course aims to introduce students at the composition of the matter, its transformations and to the energies associated to these processes; the knowledge and the comprehension of the properties and behaviour of elements and their chemical compounds is the final aim of the course. Basic aspects of organic chemistry (nomenclature, structure and reactivity), thermodynamics, kinetic chemistry and molecular spectroscopy will also be discussed.
Examination methods: Written exam (three parts: general chemistry, physical chemistry and organic chemistry) with multiple choice questions and exercises.
Assessment criteria: The student will be evaluated on the basis of the understanding of the topics of the course and on her/his capacity to solve numerical exercises.
Course unit contents: GENERAL CHEMISTRY (7 CFU)
State of matter. Atomic structure, ions, atomic number, atomic mass, atomic mass unit, isotopes (principles of radioactivity), the mole, Avogadro’s number, molar mass, percent composition of a compound, empirical and molecular formula.
Atomic structure: Thomson atomic model, Rutherford atomic model, Bohr atomic model. Electromagnetic radiation, emission atomic spectra, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, Schrödinger equation, quantum numbers, atomic orbitals, energy levels in hydrogen atom and polyelectronic atoms.
Periodic classification of elements. Nomenclature. Chemical reactions: Balancing equations, stoichiometry, redox reactions.
Chemical bond: ionic bond, covalent bond, molecular orbitals (Valence bond theory), hybridization, Lewis structures, molecular geometry, polar molecules, molecular orbital theory. Dative bond. Metallic bond. Intermolecular forces.
Properties and laws of ideal gases. Real gases (Van der Waals equation).
Properties of solids and classification of solids on the base of the chemical bond.
Properties of liquids.
Solutions: concentration, colligative properties, dissociation grade of compounds.
Chemical equilibrium. Acid/Base equilibrium: ionic product of water, strength of acids and bases, dissociation and pH, hydrolysis, buffer solutions. Solubility equilibrium: solubility and solubility constant.
Electrochemistry: electrochemical cells, reduction potential and Nernst equation.
Thermodynamic state functions. The first, the second and the third law of thermodynamics. The Gibbs energy. Thermochemistry and standard thermochemical functions. Physical transformations of pure substances: Phase equilibria, phases diagram, Clausius-Clapeyron equation. Thermodynamic description of mixtures and of chemical equilibrium: free energy of reaction and van’t Hoff law. Ionic strength and Debye-Huckel model.
The reaction rate; the kinetic law; first and second order kinetic laws. Reaction mechanisms: elemental chemical reactions, steady-state hypothesis. The effect of the temperature on the reaction rates. Catalysts and inhibitors; enzymatic catalysis.
Principles of molecular spectroscopy. Electromagnetic radiation, Lambert-Beer law. Vibrational transitions and IR spectroscopy. Electronic transitions and UV-vis spectroscopy, fluorescence and phosphorescence.
Saturated hydrocarbons: Nomenclature; structural isomerism and stereoisomerism. Cycloalkanes: cis-trans isomers, conformations. Basic principles of alkanes reactivity. Unsaturated hydrocarbons: nomenclature; structure and reactivity of alkenes and alkynes. Alkyl halides: nucleophilic substitution reactions and elimination. Stereochemistry: isomerism relation, stereoisomers, chirality, absolute configuration. Aromatic compounds: aromaticity; nomenclature; electrophilic substitution reactions. Alcohols, phenols, ethers: properties and reactivity. Carbonyl compounds: structure and properties of the carbonyl group; nomenclature; reactivity of aldehydes and ketones. Carboxylic acids and their derivatives:nomenclauture; reactivity. Aliphatic and aromatic amines: nomenclature, structure and properties; main reactions of amines.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The topics of the lectures are presented in slides, while the exercises will be solved on the blackboard.
Additional notes about suggested reading: GENERAL CHEMISTRY: One book for the stoichiometry exercises and one book for the theory part. For example: Petrucci, Herring, Madura, Bissonette, CHIMICA GENERALE, principi ed applicazioni moderne. Casa editrice: Piccin.
PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY: P. Atkins e J. De Paula, Elementi di Chimica Fisica; Zanichelli, 2007
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: one choice between: McMurry- Fondamenti di chimica organica; Zanichelli o Brown- Introduzione alla chimica organica; Edises

All materials presented in the lectures will be available to students in the e-learning platform.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Petrucci - Herring - Madura - Bissonnette, CHIMICA GENERALE, principi ed applicazioni moderne. --: PICCIN, --. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Questioning
  • Auto correcting quizzes or tests for periodic feedback or exams
  • Loading of files and pages (web pages, Moodle, ...)

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Quality Education