First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
Course unit
SCP6074986, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2019/20

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
SC1163, Degree course structure A.Y. 2008/09, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Department of reference Department of Chemical Sciences
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge GILBERTO ARTIOLI GEO/06
Other lecturers LUCA VALENTINI GEO/06

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines GEO/06 Mineralogy 6.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 1.0 10 15.0 2
Laboratory 1.0 12 13.0 No turn
Lecture 4.0 32 68.0 No turn

Start of activities 02/03/2020
End of activities 12/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2008 course timetable

Prerequisites: Fundamentals of materials science, fundamentals of crystallography and crystal chemistry, general knowledge on the characterization techniques of the solid state, including diffraction by crystalline and amorphous solids.
Target skills and knowledge: The course wishes to offer:
1) a general overview of the historical use of materials, based on their physico-chemical and engineering properties, with special emphasis on building materials
2) overview of the crystallochemical and crystallographic properties of structural materials, binders and cements, and of the chemical reactions involved in their production, emplacement, and durability
3) description of some of the techniques employed in the characterization of complex materials
4) a general view of the production cycle of cement materials and its economic, social and environmental implications. The point of view is that of circula economy, with emphasis on "end of waste" aspects and the development of "alternative binders for the future"
Examination methods: Final oral examination
Assessment criteria: Criteria for assessing the oral exam are: skills in the presentation of the subjects, the rigor and depth of the presentation, the critical attitute and the ability to link different topics.
Course unit contents: Classification and properties of industrial materials (metals, glass, binders, ceramics, etc.), with regards to building materials. Introduction to the historical use of materials.
In depth description of structural materials, binders, and cements (historical and modern):
- Chemical, crystal-chemical and structural properties of cement phases
- The hydration process in portland cement, mechanisms and kinetics
- Development of binders alternative to Portland cement: the use of supplementary cementitious materials (SCM), geopolimers, alkali activated materials, activated clays
- The use of organic admixtures in high performance cements: the organic-inorganic interaction
Special modules:
- The physico-chemical characterization of complex materials
- Solid state reaction kinetics
- Elements of crystal nucleation and growth
- Modeling of nucleation kinetics
- The production cycle of cement, economical, social, and environmental implications
- recent industrial trends
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The main activity of the course will be classrom lectures.
The interaction with the students will be stimulated by questions and discussions, in the context of actual problems in applied research.
Laboratory activieties and hands-on tratment of data will be carried out, depending on the number of students.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Lecture notes, papers and reviews will be distributed.

Further reading:
- Historical materials: Artioli G (2010) Scientific methods and the cultural heritage. An introduction to the application of materials science to archaeometry and conservation science. Oxford University Press.
- Material-property realtionship: Ashby MF(2013) Materials and the environment. Eco-informed material choice. Elsevier.
- Micro-structural characterization: Brandon D, Kaplan WD (2008) Microstructural characterization of materials. Wiley; Scrivener et al. (2016) A practical guide to microstructural analysis of cementitious materials. CRC Press.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Taylor HFW, Cement chemistry. --: Thomas Telford, 1997. 2nd edition Cerca nel catalogo
  • Hewlett PC, Lea's Chemistry of Cement and Concrete. --: Elsevier, 1998. 4th edition Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Lecturing
  • Laboratory
  • Case study
  • Questioning
  • Auto correcting quizzes or tests for periodic feedback or exams
  • Loading of files and pages (web pages, Moodle, ...)

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)
  • specific modeling software

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure Sustainable Cities and Communities Responsible Consumption and Production Climate Action