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School of Medicine
SPEECH AND LANGUAGE THERAPY
Course unit
GENERAL AND SPECIALIZED PHYSIOLOGY AND GENERAL PATHOLOGY
MEP5071800, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2019/20

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
SPEECH AND LANGUAGE THERAPY (Ord. 2018)
ME1849, Degree course structure A.Y. 2018/19, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination GENERAL AND SPECIALIZED PHYSIOLOGY AND GENERAL PATHOLOGY
Department of reference Department of Neurosciences
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Branch PADOVA
Single Course unit The Course unit CANNOT be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit is available ONLY for students enrolled in SPEECH AND LANGUAGE THERAPY (Ord. 2018)

Lecturers
Teacher in charge IVAN MARCHIONNI BIO/09
Other lecturers SIMONETTA AUSONI MED/04
GIANCARLO OTTAVIANO MED/31

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses BIO/09 Physiology 3.0
Basic courses MED/04 General Pathology 2.0
Core courses MED/31 Otorinolaringology 1.0

Course unit organization
Period Second trimester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
hours
Hours of
Individual study
Shifts
Lecture 6.0 60 90.0 No turn

Calendar
Start of activities 07/01/2020
End of activities 14/03/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2018 course timetable

Examination board
Examination board not defined

Syllabus
Prerequisites: In order to understand the topics of the course, the student should be familiar with the fundamental principles of Physics, Biology and Anatomy.
Target skills and knowledge: The goal is to make the student able to understand the basic functioning mechanisms of the human body in physiologic conditions, and of the homeostatic mechanisms that allow regulation and adaptation of organ activity to the environmental requirements.
The student should know the principal pathogenetic mechanisms and understand the evoution of the pathology, from cell to organism, and should use medical terms.
GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY
Biologic membranes. Ionic channels. Nernst's aequation. Membrane potential. Action Potential. Conduction of potentials. Synapses and neurotransmitters. Neuromodulators. Synaptic circuits. Skeletal muscle. Contraction. Tension/length, velocity/load relationships.
Heart: Action potentials, ECG. cardiac Mechanics. Regulation of cardiac contraction. Blood pressure. Blood. Haemostasis and coagulation.
Respiratory mechanics. Compliance. Capillary exchange.

NEUROPHYSIOLOGY
Sensory systems: taste. Olfaction. Somatosensory system. Pain: perception and modulation.
Motor control. Reflexes. Autonomic nervous system: sympathetic and parasympathetic.
Hypothalamus and hypophysis.
ORAL PHYSIOLOGY
Mastication. Deglutition. Development and ageing.

PATHOLOGY:
1. Cellular bases of diseases. Internal and external causes of diseases. Genetic and congenital diseases. Critical periods during development.
2. Cell adaptations to damages. Hyperplasia. Hypertrophy. Hypoplasia, aplasia, hypotrophy. Alterations in differentiation: metaplasia and dysplasia.
3. Cell death. Necrosis, apoptosis, autophagy. Ischemic necrosis. Cardiac and cerebral ischemia. Causes of ischemia.
4. Acute and chronic inflammation.
5. Inflammation outcomes.
6. Fever.
7. Oncology. Histopathological and functional classification. Oncogenes and anti-oncogenes. Metastases. Epidemiology. Heredity and tumours.
Examination methods: Written tests
Assessment criteria: Students should know the basic physiological and pathological mechanisms and their relationships. We'll evaluate the ability to offer complete and accurate answers on the main themes of the disciplines.
Course unit contents: General Physiology
Neurophysiology
Physiology of oral cavity
Pathology
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Traditional lectures.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)