First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Course unit
AVP9085782, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2019/20

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
AV2493, Degree course structure A.Y. 2019/20, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 8.0
Type of assessment Mark
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and the Environment
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge GIANCARLO RENELLA AGR/13

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses CHIM/03 General and Inorganic Chemistry 3.0
Basic courses CHIM/06 Organic Chemistry 5.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 2.0 16 34.0 No turn
Laboratory 2.0 16 34.0 No turn
Lecture 4.0 32 68.0 No turn

Start of activities 30/09/2019
End of activities 18/01/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2019 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
1 Commissione a.a. 2019/20 01/12/2019 30/11/2020 RENELLA GIANCARLO (Presidente)
MALAGOLI MARIO (Membro Effettivo)
MASI ANTONIO (Supplente)

Prerequisites: Basic knowledge of mathematics and biology
Target skills and knowledge: The student will acquire information about the general and inorganic chemistry useful for understanding the physical, chemical and biochemical processes that take place in the soil. Through the study of soil constituents, the student will be able to assess the nutritional status of the soil and the main nutritional deficiencies of the most common crops.
Examination methods: The exam takes place through an oral interview on the topics covered in the lessons and in the exercises.
Assessment criteria: The assessment will be based on the level of understanding achieved of the topics covered during the course and the ability to express them in a clear manner and appropriate language (technical terminology). Particular attention will be paid to the ability to link related topics and formulate a critical judgment on the topics addressed during the course.
Course unit contents: 1st credit: States of aggregation of the matter. Constituents of the atom, ions, atomic number, atomic masses, atomic mass units, isotopes, mole, Avogadro number, molecular masses, the percentage composition of a compound, empirical formula and molecular formula. Chemical bond: ionic bond, covalent bond, molecular orbitals ("valence bond" theory), hybrid atomic orbitals, resonance, Lewis formulas, the octet rule, octet expansion. Geometric structure of molecules, the polarity of molecules. Molecular orbital theory (MO). Dative bond: coordination compounds. Metallic bond. Secondary bonds (dipole-dipole interactions, hydrogen bond and its implications on the physicochemical properties of the compounds).
2nd credit: Solutions: concentrations, molarity, molality and normality, colligative properties of ideal solutions, degree of dissociation, solubility product (theoretical and laboratory activities are foreseen). Chemical reactions: calculation of stoichiometric coefficients, weight correlations between reagents and products, redox reactions and their balancing.
3rd credit: Chemical equilibrium: law of mass action, Le Chatelier’s principle. Acid/base theories. Conjugated couples and relationship between Ka and Kb. Ionic product of water, acid and base strength, dissociation and pH, common ion, hydrolysis of salts, buffer solutions, poorly soluble salts, and solubility product. Galvanic cells. The electrode potential and concentration.
4th, 5th and 6th credit: The soil: constituents, physical and chemical properties. Role and functions of soil organic matter (carbon cycle and transformation of soil organic matter).
7th and 8th credit: The mineral nutrition of plants: general concepts. The fate of nutrients in the soil: transformations of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur; reactions of potassium, calcium and magnesium; micronutrient forms and factors that influence solubility. Leaf analysis in relation to nutritional deficiencies: methodologies and interpretation of analytical results.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: a. Lectures (48 hours)
b. Laboratory and field exercises (16 hours)
Additional notes about suggested reading: The entire course will be made available on the Moodle platform of the School of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • VIOLANTE PIETRO, Chimica del suolo e nutrizione delle piante. Bologna: EdAgricole, 2002. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Lecturing
  • Laboratory

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Zero Hunger Good Health and Well-Being Responsible Consumption and Production