First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
Course unit
SCP7081437, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2019/20

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
SC2382, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination INTRODUCTION TO RADIATION DETECTORS
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Physics and Astronomy
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction English
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge ROBERTO STROILI FIS/01

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses FIS/01 Experimental Physics 6.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 6.0 48 102.0 No turn

Start of activities 02/03/2020
End of activities 12/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Prerequisites: Knowledge of electromagnetic phenomena, electromagnetic waves included.
Basic notions about special relativity and quantum mechanics.
Target skills and knowledge: Principles and methods for detecting particles and electromagnetic radiation. How to measure position, energy, momenta and velocity. Techniques to accelerate charged particles.
Examination methods: Oral.
Assessment criteria: The evaluation will be based on the learning level and the ability to apply it to practical cases.
Course unit contents: A. Description of the considered physical phenomena: introduction on the quantities measured in nuclear, high energy physics and astroparticle physics experiments. Charged particles energy loss. Bethe-Block formula, discussion and application to the particle detectors. Particle identification.
Multiple Coulomb scattering. Bremsstrahlung,radiation length, radiation spectrum.
Photon-matter interaction, absorption coefficient, photoelectric effect, Compton effect, pair production.
Cerenkov radiation. Mention of transition radiation. Nuclear interactions.
Scintillation in inorganic and organica materials. Energy loss in gases, diffusion, electric field effect, drift velocity, magnetic field effect. Energy loss in semiconductors.

B. Detector requirements based on the described effects: scintillation counters, Cerenkov counters, ionizing energy counters. Multiwire proportional chambers, drift chambers and TPC's. Limited streamer tubes, RPC's. Semiconductor detectors. Some mentions on trigger and readout electronics. Energy and momentum measurements. General structure of current particle detectors.

C. The particle accelerators. Electrostatic accelerators. Linear accelerators. The cyclotron. The syncrotron: transverse stability, weak focusing, betatron oscillations, transport matrices, strong focusing, quadrupoles and split roles. Hints on emittance, phase stability, syncrotron oscillations, phase diagrams, packet structure. Hints on syncrotron radiation. Storage rings: luminosity, antiproton storage, stocastic cooling.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The items specified in the "contents" section will be presented during the front lessons. The items will be illustrated with examples and exercises for a better comprehension of the given notions.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Students will get a copy of the slides used during the lessons.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Tavernier, Stefaan, Experimental techniques in nuclear and particle physicsStefaan Tavernier. Berlin [etc.]: Springer, --. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Lecturing
  • Case study

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

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