First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
Course unit
SCP8084977, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2019/20

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
SC1179, Degree course structure A.Y. 2018/19, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Biology
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge ELISA GREGGIO BIO/09

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses BIO/09 Physiology 6.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Laboratory 1.0 16 9.0 No turn
Lecture 5.0 40 85.0 No turn

Start of activities 30/09/2019
End of activities 18/01/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2018 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
2 FISIOLOGIA COMPARATA 2019-2020 01/10/2019 27/11/2020 GREGGIO ELISA (Presidente)
BISAGLIA MARCO (Membro Effettivo)
1 FISIOLOGIA COMPARATA 2018-2019 01/10/2018 30/11/2019 GREGGIO ELISA (Presidente)

Prerequisites: Knowledge of General Physiology, Physics (especially the fluid dynamics), Cell Biology (in particular the trans-membrane transport systems), Biochemistry, Zoology and Evolutionary History of Vertebrates.
Target skills and knowledge: The course focuses on the mechanisms underlying the functions of animals, from genes to the organ systems, to the whole organism that interacts with the environment. It aims, in particular, to provide basic knowledge on the morphology and the integrated functions of animal organisms, highlighting the relationships between structure and function, the evolution of the various organs and systems and the functional adaptations in relation to environmental conditions. In addition to the integrated interaction between the various organ systems, a comparative approach will be also adopted, discussing the mechanisms used by the most representative groups of invertebrates and vertebrates.
Examination methods: The evaluation will be a written test with 6 open questions followed by an oral exam if necessary.
Assessment criteria: The following parameters will be assessed:
1) the knowledge of subject content
2) the clarity using the appropriate terminology
3) the ability to establish inter- and intra-disciplinary connections
4) the capacity for analysis and problem solving
Course unit contents: The contents of the program can be divided into 4 parts:
1) Homeostasis of the internal environment (0.5 CFU).
The regulation of the internal milieu; organization of regulatory systems and organ systems.
2) The exchange of matter and circulatory systems (1.5 ECTS).
Open and closed circulatory systems; structure-function relationship in the vertebrate circulatory systems; the heart of vertebrates: electrical activity, mechanics and extrinsic regulation; emodinanica; the vascular system; nervous and endocrine regulation.
3) The exchange of gas and their transport (1.5 ECTS).
Respiratory systems: surfaces and mechanisms for the exchange and transport of respiratory gases; animals with aquatic and aerial respiration; respiratory mechanics; gas exchange and transport; breathing control and acid-base regulation; adaptation to diving.
4) Osmoregulation and excretion (1.5 CFU).
Elimination of nitrogen compounds; osmoregulation problems in extreme environments; osmoregulation and osmoconformity in aquatic animals; gills as a system of osmoregulation in aquatic animals; renal excretory organs; function of the nephron of mammals; urinary systems of other vertebrates and extrarenal organs; Malpighi tubules of insects; osmotic balance and volume regulation; nervous and endocrine regulation.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course consists of both lectures and practical exercises. The practical exercises will include both individual and group activities in which students will be directly involved in practical experiments aimed at investigating aspects of comparative Physiology of invertebrate respiratory pigments discussed during the lectures.
The teaching is interactive with questions posed during frontal teaching activities aimed at stimulating the interaction with the students and at exercising their capacity to make connections with other physiological processes and/or related disciplines. Moreover, at the end of each block of topics (3 in total), the teacher will organize group activities (2-3 students per group) that consist in the revision of the topic through paper "flash tests" with true/false statements. In this way the students will have the opportunity not only to review the program of the topic, but also to critically think by motivating the choice of the answers.
Additional notes about suggested reading: All the teaching material used during classes and practical activities (ppt, articles on case studies and reviews) is made available to students on the course web page of the e-learning platform:
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • A. Poli, E. Fabbri, C. Agnisola, G. Calamita, G. Santovito, T. Verri, Fisiologia animale. Napoli: EdiSES, 2018. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Interactive lecturing
  • Questioning
  • Active quizzes for Concept Verification Tests and class discussions

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