First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
Course unit
SCN1031815, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2019/20

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
IF0360, Degree course structure A.Y. 2013/14, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination MARINE ORGANISMS AS RESOURCES
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Biology
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge CARLOTTA MAZZOLDI BIO/06

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses BIO/05 Zoology 4.0
Core courses BIO/06 Comparative Anatomy and Citology 2.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 1.0 16 9.0 No turn
Lecture 5.0 40 85.0 No turn

Start of activities 30/09/2019
End of activities 18/01/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2013 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
GRIGGIO MATTEO (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: No prerequisites are required to attend the course.
Target skills and knowledge: The course will introduce the students to the study of marine organisms and their life history traits in relation to exploitation. Biological characteristics can make a species more or less vulnerable to exploitation, habitat modifications, changes in trophic webs. Attending this course, the students will achieve knowledge to evaluate the modalities of marine resource exploitation and the consequences of the exploitation on marine populations and ecosystem functioning.
Through the theoretical and practical lessons, as well as a work in group, the students will achieve:
1) knowledge to evaluate exploitation modes of marine species and the effects of the exploitationon marine populations and ecosystem functioning;
2) thoeretical and practical tools to independently estimate the life history traits of marine organisms in order to evaluate the species vulnerability and develop management strategies;
3) capacity to work in group.
Examination methods: The final exam is written, consisting in three questions.
The first two questions deal with the different topics of the course, and will allow to evaluate the theoretical knwoledge achieved by the students. The third question will be a case study and will allow to evaluate the discriminating ability of the students in applying theoretical kwnoledge to case studies.
The final score will be the average of the scores of the three questions.
Assessment criteria: Criteria to evaluate the achievment of knowledge and tools are:
1) understanding and knowledge of the course topics;
2) ability to properly present the topics, with a special attention to the logical order, the synthesis, and the use of an appropriate language;
3) critical attitude to evaluate and discuss a case study abd capacity to make choices, for the thrid question of the exam.
Course unit contents: Marine resources. Marine species and their exploitation. Marine organisms and ecosystem, ecosystem services. Consequences of species exploitation on marine ecosystems.
Life cycles and vulnerability of marine organisms. Traits of life cycle and exploitation. Growth. Reproduction: sexual maturity, sexual pattern, fecundity e fertility, mating system, reproductive sites and aggregations, parental care. Recruitment. Social systems. Distribution. Migrations.
Allee effect: occurrence of Allee effect in marine species and consequences in relation to exploitation.
Trade-off in life history traits: growth/reproduction; fecundity/offspring size.
Evolution of life history traits under fishery pressure.
Evaluation of the status of marine resources. IUCN Red List: criteria and categories.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course includes: 1) lectures, 2) practical activities, 3) a work in group.
1) Lectures give the theoretical bases on the characteristics of the life cycle of exploited species and on the methods used to study life history traits.These lessons are carried out using ppt with text, diagrams, images and videos. Interactive partecipation to the lessons is promoted through questions and discussion, and critical presentation of case studies based on scientific papers.
2) Practical activities are carried out in the laboratory, in the informatic room and through a visit and data collection at the local fish market. The practical activities include data collection and analyses. These activities allow the student to directly apply to different case studies the thoeretical bases.
3) The work in group, carried out during the entire course, is integrated with the laboratory activities and in focused on the analyses and critical discussion of the results. This work ends with a presentation of the results.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Single books including all the topics are not available. The suggested books should be considered as support. All teaching slides as well as general and specific papers are provided by the teacher in the e-learning platform:
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Carrier JC, Musick JA, Biology of sharks and their relatives. --: CRC Press, 2005. Cap. 10, 14, 15 Cerca nel catalogo
  • Helfman GS, Collette BB, facey DE, Bowen BW, The diversity of fishes. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. Cap 9, 10, 21, 26 Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Laboratory
  • Problem based learning
  • Case study
  • Working in group
  • Use of online videos

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Responsible Consumption and Production Life Below Water