First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
Course unit
SCN1031809, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2019/20

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
IF0360, Degree course structure A.Y. 2013/14, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 8.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination ADAPTIVE STRATEGIES IN MARINE FAUNA
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Biology
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit


ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses BIO/09 Physiology 8.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 1.0 16 9.0 No turn
Lecture 7.0 56 119.0 No turn

Start of activities 02/03/2020
End of activities 12/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2013 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
IRATO PAOLA (Supplente)

Prerequisites: Knowledge of the contents of General Physiology, Physics (especially fluid dynamics), Cell Biology (trans-membrain transport systems in particular), Biochemistry, Zoology and Evolutionary History of Vertebrates courses.
Target skills and knowledge: The course is focused on homeostatic mechanisms underlying functions of marine animals, from genes to the organ systems, up to the whole organism that interacts with the environment in which it lives. In particular, the aim is to provide fundamental knowledge on the integrated functions of these animal organisms, highlighting the relationships between structure and function, the evolution of the various organs and systems and functional adaptations in relation to environmental conditions. Because the integrated interactions between the various organ systems will be dealt in accordance with a typical evolutionary reading key, a comparative approach will also be used, taking into account the mechanism employed by the most representative groups of invertebrates and vertebrates.
The discussion of some topics may also provide an opportunity to address methodological and teaching strategies useful in teaching the biological disciplines.
Examination methods: The verification will be a written test with open questions, eventually followed by an oral evaluation. Both the contents presented and the activities carried out during practice sessions, will constitute an integral part of the study program.
Assessment criteria: The following skills will be assessed: knowledge of disciplinary contents, the clarity using appropriate terminology, ability to establish inter- and intra-disciplinary connections, the ability to analyze and problem solving.
Course unit contents: The internal environment homeostasis: the regulation of internal environment; organization of regulation systems and organ systems.
The circulatory systems and the circulation of body fluids: circulating liquids; haemodynamics and organization of pumps and circulatory pathways; integrated cardiovascular functions; nervous and endocrine regulation; the lymphatic system and organization of lymphoid organs; hematopoiesis and hemostasis; the evolution of the circulatory system.
The respiratory systems: surfaces and mechanisms for exchange of respiratory gases; animals with aquatic and air breathing; respiratory mechanics; transportation of respiratory gases; control of respiration and acid-base regulation.
The osmoregulation and excretion: renal excretory organs; function of the nephron of mammals; urinary systems of other vertebrates and extrarenal organs; osmotic balance and volume control; acid-base balance; nervous and endocrine regulation.
Nutrition: food intake; digestion and absorption.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course consists of both theory lessons and practical exercises. Theory lessons are organized in order to stimulate the active participation of students, even in the discussion of case studies, object of scientific research in the field of marine biology. The theory lessons will be joined by seminar classes held by the students, during which the scientific results, in the field of marine animal physiology, published in international journals will be analyzed and presented (journal club).
The practical exercises will include both individual and group activities, in which students will be involved personally in the application of methodologies, aimed at investigating aspects of the physiology of marine animals, dealt with during the theory lessons, and in the discussion of the obtained results.
Additional notes about suggested reading: The educational material presented in class as PowerPoint presentation will be provided to students and will constitute an integration of the recommended textbooks contents.
Additional documentation, such as scientific articles, may also be provided.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • A. Poli, E. Fabbri, C. Agnisola, G. Calamita, G. Santovito, T. Verri, Fisiologia animale, II Edizione. Napoli: EdiSES, 2018. Cerca nel catalogo
  • A. Poli, E. Fabbri, Fisiologia degli animali marini. Napoli: EdiSES, 2012. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Laboratory
  • Interactive lecturing
  • Working in group
  • Action learning
  • Problem solving
  • Work-integrated learning
  • Learning journal
  • Reflective writing

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Good Health and Well-Being Quality Education Responsible Consumption and Production Climate Action Life Below Water Life on Land