First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Engineering
Course unit
INP9087765, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2019/20

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
IN1825, Degree course structure A.Y. 2010/11, A.Y. 2019/20
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Degree course track SOIL, WATER AND ENVIRONMENT [001PD]
Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Department of reference Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction English
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge MASSIMO FABRIS ICAR/06

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses ICAR/06 Topography and Cartography 6.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 6.0 48 102.0 No turn

Start of activities 02/03/2020
End of activities 12/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2010 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
1 2019 01/10/2019 15/03/2021 FABRIS MASSIMO (Presidente)
MENIN ANDREA (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: Extensive knowledge of mathematical analysis, physics and statistics.
Target skills and knowledge: The goal of the Course is to provide at students the theoretical and practical tools necessary to perform surveys finalized to the execution, knowledge and monitoring of deformations in the field of Environmental Engineering, their inclusion in the national and international reference systems.
In the Course are deepened the theoretical aspects of the different survey topographic methodologies (classical surveys, GNSS, photogrammetry, laser scanning) and analyzed practical applications of deformations monitoring in different fields, studying the achieved accuracies. Moreover, are presented and used the main topographic instruments that are employed in the context of different methodologies, hinting to the procedures for data processing and the final precisions. To the student is presented the different digital surface models (DEM, DSM, DTM, DHM, ...) obtained from the interpolation of the acquired data, and he will be able to use the most suitable model for land deformations monitoring.
Examination methods: Oral examination.
Assessment criteria: The evaluation is performed on the basis of the knowledge and abilities acquired by the student, from the ability to identify suitable solutions to solve practical surveys problems and displacements monitoring, to that demonstrate mastery with the different topics of the Course.
Course unit contents: Introduction in Land Surveying and Geomatics. Definition of a reference surface. The Geoid and its approximations. Principles of Topography and the tridimensional positioning system GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System). Principles of Cartography: the cartographic problem and Projections (Mercator, Universal Polar Stereographic, Gauss, UTM – Universal Transverse Mercator); the World and the Italian cartographies: Roma 40, UTM-ED50, Gauss Boaga systems: WGS84, ITRS, ETRS reference systems.
Methods for acquisition and processing of 3-D data:
Photogrammetry: terrestrial, aerial and satellite acquisitions. Rotations in the plane and in the space; rotational matrix in the space. Determination of the collinearity equations. The case plane in photogrammetry. Image plane parallel to the plane of the object. The normal case in stereoscopic restitution. Accuracies. External orientation independent and separate of the two images, simultaneous and joined of the two images in a phase, simultaneous and joined of the two images in two phases. Aerial triangulation: adjustment of the block with independent models and with projective stars. Flight Plan: parameters for planning of a photogrammetric survey. Digital photogrammetry: numerical representation of the image and radiometry; image matching algorithms in digital photogrammetry.
LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging): working principles. TLS (Terrestrial Laser Scanning) and ALS (Airborne Laser Scanning). Time Of Flight (TOF) versus based on phase measuring systems. Data management, full waveform data interpretation, reflectance. Characteristics of instruments and sensors. UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) systems.
SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar): principles, sensors, acquisitions procedures, various type of processing and applications.
Co-registration of 3-D data in Local or Global reference systems. Georeferencing.
3-D surface representation: Digital Modelling (DEM - Digital Elevation Model, DSM - Digital Surface Model, DTM - Digital Terrain Model, DHM - Digital Height Model, DTMM - Digital Terrain and Marine Model) concepts and their implementation and applications for deformations studies and in Environmental Engineering.
Applications in the monitoring of displacements from the integration of multi-methodological, multi-resolution and multi-temporal data: deformations and precisions analysis.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Frontal lectures.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Reference books, lecture notes.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Kraus K., Photogrammetry. --: De Gruyter, 2007. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Wolf P. R., Ghilani C. D., Elementary Surveying: An Introduction to Geomatics. --: Harlow: Prentice Hall, 2008. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Problem based learning
  • Case study
  • Working in group
  • Questioning
  • Problem solving

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Quality Education Climate Action Life on Land