First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Medicine
MEDICINE AND SURGERY
Course unit
PHYSICS AND BIOPHYSICS
MEP5071018, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2019/20

Information on the course unit
Degree course 6 years single cycle degree in
MEDICINE AND SURGERY (Ord. 2015)
ME1727, Degree course structure A.Y. 2015/16, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 7.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination PHYSICS AND BIOPHYSICS
Department of reference Department of Medicine
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Branch PADOVA
Single Course unit The Course unit CANNOT be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit is available ONLY for students enrolled in MEDICINE AND SURGERY (Ord. 2015)

Lecturers
Teacher in charge Teacher in charge not defined yet.
Other lecturers LUCIO ZENNARO BIO/10

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses FIS/07 Applied Physics (Cultural Heritage, Environment, Biology and Medicine) 7.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
hours
Hours of
Individual study
Shifts
Group didactic activities 0.0 28 0.0 No turn
Lecture 7.0 56 119.0 No turn

Calendar
Start of activities 30/09/2019
End of activities 18/01/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2015 course timetable

Syllabus
Course unit contents: PHYSICS;
- Reference frame. Motion equations in 1 and 3 dimensions, uniformly accelerated, parabolic, uniformly circular motion, centripetal acceleration.
- Newton's laws, different kind of forces.
- Definition of work, kinetic and potential energy
(elastic and gravitational). Power and metabolism.
- Center of mass and its motion. Motion relative to it. Torque, equilibrium, angular and inertia moment. Application to the human body.
- Conservation of energy, momentum and angular momentum.
- Pressure, Stevin's and Archimede's laws, atmospheric pressure. Fluid motion, Bernoulli's and Poiseuille's laws. Reynolds number and turbulence. Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids. Viscosity and sedimentation. Blood circulation: flow rate, pressure and resistance. Narrowing in the blood vessels, aneurism, surface tension.
- Thermodynamics: temperature, heat, heat capacity, specific and latent heat, conduction, convection, irradiation. Thermoregulation of the human body. Boyle's and Gay-lussac's laws and perfect gasses. Internal energy, work and first principle. Thermodynamic processes. Second principle and entropy.
- Electric field, Gauss theorem. Conductors, capacitors and electrostatic energy, resistance and Ohm's law, simple circuits.
- Magnetic field, Lorentz's force and gyromagnetic motion, mass spectrometer. Biot-Savart's and Ampere's laws. Magnetic induction and Faraday's law.
- Longitudinal and transversal waves, sinusoidal waves, wavelength and frequency. Stationary waves and beatings, Doppler's effect, Intensity and attenuation, Decibel scale. Eco-Doppler instruments.
- Light as electromagnetic waves, constructive and destructive interference, diffraction, polarization. Geometrical optics. Reflection and refraction, optical fibers and optical instruments. Mirrors and lenses, microscope. The human eye.
- Atom, electron binding energy. Excitation and ionization. Ionising and non-ionising radiation. X-ray. The atomic nucleus and nuclear forces. Radioactive tracers, tomography and positron emission (PET).

BIOPHYSICS:

- Biophysical phenomena
- Energy and its transformations. Spontaneous processes and equilibrium point. State functions: internal energy, enthalpy, entropy, free energy,. Caloric content of food, metabolism.
- Chemical potential. Matter transport in biological systems. Free diffusion and diffusion through semi-permeable membranes.
- Membranes: gradients, diffusion, osmotic pressure, electric potentials, ionic currents. Excitable membranes: action potentials.
- Intra- and inter- molecular forces.
- Energy quantization, photons, particles and waves, energy levels, radiation absorption and emission, penetration properties of radiation into bio-systems.
- Interaction among bio-molecules. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)
- Laser, theoretical principles and medical applications.
- Energy spectra, spectral regions and spectroscopy. Spectral transitions energy. Boltzmann's law. UV-visible spectroscopy, Lamberts-Beer' law. Fluorescence and phosphorescence. Infrared spectroscopy and its medical applications.
- Nuclear Magnetic resonance (NMR): theory and application in medicine. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)