First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
Course unit
SC02122859, A.A. 2018/19

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
SC1165, Degree course structure A.Y. 2008/09, A.Y. 2018/19
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination FUNDAMENTAL BIOLOGY
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Biology
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge MARIA BERICA RASOTTO BIO/06

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses BIO/05 Zoology 6.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 6.0 48 102.0 No turn

Start of activities 01/10/2018
End of activities 18/01/2019
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2008 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
8 FONDAMENTI DI BIOLOGIA 2019-2020 01/10/2019 27/11/2020 RASOTTO MARIA BERICA (Presidente)
MAZZOLDI CARLOTTA (Membro Effettivo)
7 FONDAMENTI DI BIOLOGIA 2018-2019 01/10/2018 30/11/2019 RASOTTO MARIA BERICA (Presidente)
MAZZOLDI CARLOTTA (Membro Effettivo)
6 FONDAMENTI DI BIOLOGIA 2017/2018 01/10/2017 25/11/2018 RASOTTO MARIA BERICA (Presidente)
MAZZOLDI CARLOTTA (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: None
Target skills and knowledge: The course aims to introduce students at the processes and mechanisms that operate in living organisms, doing the groundwork to understand the detailed information they will receive in the subsequent more specialized biological courses. The knowledges the student will acquire concern the basic concepts of the:
1) biological molecules
2) organization of the cell
3) anatomy and physiology of animals and plants
4) reproduction and inheritance
5) life cycles
6) evolution
7) classification and phylogeny
8) biodiversity and its conservation

The skills that the student will start to acquire are:
1) the use of an appropriate scientific lexicon
2) the ability to synthesize and to express independent judgment
Examination methods: The acquired knowledge and skills will be assessed through a written test with 3 open questions, aimed at highlighting the knowledge, the scintific lexicon, the ability to synthesize and to critically discuss acquired during the course. This test is based on the topics discussed and discussed in class.
Assessment criteria: The criteria used to verify the acquired knowledges and skills are:
1) the understanding of the topics covered;
2) the critical ability to connect the acquired knowledges;
3) the completeness of the acquired knowledge;
4) the synthesis ability
5) the scientific lexical properties
Course unit contents: The topics of the program can be, shortly, divided into 6 major parts:

1) General characteristics of living systems (2 CFU)
Organization of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell. The Viruses. Definition of tissue, organ, system, organism. Cell division.
Form and function of organisms - Architecture of pluricellular organisms: body plan simmetry and organization.

2) Sexuality and reproduction (0,5 CFU)
Asexual reproduction and sexual reproduction. The meiosis.

3) The transmission of hereditary characteristics (1 CFU)
Intraspecific variability. Mendel's laws. Chromosomal basis of heredity. Molecular basis of heredity. Examples of life cycles.

4) Evolution and adaptation (1 CFU)
The theory of evolution: Darwin and the new synthesis. Natural selection, sexual selection, genetic drift, neutrality. Speciation. Evolution and development.

5) Classification and phylogeny (0, 5 CFU)
Taxonomic categories. Taxonomic characters. The reconstruction of the evolutionary history of organisms: the phylogeny. Elements of systematic.

6) Ecology (1 CFU)
Biodiversity. Interactions among organisms and between organisms and environment at individual, population and community levels. In this context, case studies are used to highlight the effects of environmental changes (with particular reference to those of anthropic origin) on the conservation of populations / species.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The program topics are presented in lectures suported by ppt containing pictures, diagrams and videos. The teaching is interactive, with questions and study cases, to promote discussion and critical judgement in the classroom.
At the end of each topic students are given a short feedback test using the class page activated in the online resource,
Periodic self-assessment tests are made available to students on the e-learning page ( of the course.
Additional notes about suggested reading: All the didactic resources used for the lectures (ppt lessons, articles on study cases, updating reviews with respect to the contents of the recommended texts) is made available on the class page of the e-learning platform: cmela /.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Campbell NA e Reece JB, Principi di BIOLOGIA. Torino: Pearson, 2014. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Sadava D & altri, Biologia. Bologna: Zanichelli, 2014. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Interactive lecturing
  • Questioning
  • Problem solving
  • Auto correcting quizzes or tests for periodic feedback or exams
  • Active quizzes for Concept Verification Tests and class discussions

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Life Below Water Life on Land