First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
Course unit
SC01109615, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
SC1165, Degree course structure A.Y. 2008/09, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 12.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination ZOOLOGY
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Biology
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge LORIANO BALLARIN BIO/05
Other lecturers NICOLA FRANCHI 000000000000

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses BIO/05 Zoology 4.0
Core courses BIO/05 Zoology 8.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Laboratory 2.0 32 18.0 2
Lecture 10.0 80 170.0 No turn

Start of activities 30/09/2019
End of activities 18/01/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2008 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
8 ZOOLOGIA 2019-2020 01/10/2019 27/11/2020 BALLARIN LORIANO (Presidente)
BONATO LUCIO (Membro Effettivo)
7 ZOOLOGIA 2018-2019 01/10/2018 30/11/2019 BALLARIN LORIANO (Presidente)
GUIDOLIN LAURA (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: To have passed the exam of "Fondamenti di Biologia".
Target skills and knowledge: Knowledge of the main morphological, cytological, reproductive and metabolic characteristics of uni- and oligocellular organisms belonging to the Protozoa. Phylogentic problems and organization of the main phyla of Protozoa. Knowledge of the phylogenetic position, adaptive radiation, and morpho-physiological organization in the different phyla of Invertebrates Metazoa, at cellular and organismic levels. Knowledge of life-cycles, feeding habits and reproduction ways.
Examination methods: The exam includes a written and an oral part. The former consists in the identification, classification and description of micro- and macroscopic specimens; the overcoming of this part is the necessary condition to go on in the examination. In the oral part, the topics treated during the course will be discussed.
Assessment criteria: The primary and essential condition for the overcoming of the exam is the ability of identification, i.e. ability of classification in the main taxa protozoa and invertebrate metazoa, after observation of live and fixed micro- and macroscopical specimens. The identification of phylogenetic relationships among organisms and description of life-cycles in the most prominent taxa.
Course unit contents: Protozoa: cells as organisms. Origin of unicellular eukaryotic organisms. The problem of Protista taxon. Organization of the main phyla of the Protozoa. Metabolism, cycles, reproduction and sex phenomena, adaptation to the environments.
Cycles of the main parasitic protozoa, especially the pathogens for humans.
Phylogenetic relationships between some groups of Protozoa and Metazoa.
The course offers a synthesis of structural and organizational patterns in the Invertebrate Metazoa.
Animal bauplan. Symmetry. The different types of cleavage in the Invertebrates. Germ layers and body cavities.
Protostomia and Deuterostomia. Metamerism. Lophotrochozoa and Ecdysozoa.
Classification criteria, general characteristics and systematics of the following phyla: Porifera, Cnidaria, Ctenophora, Platyhelminthes, Nemertea, Rotifera, Gastrotricha, Ectoprocta, Brachiopoda, Phoronida, Mollusca, Annelida, Nematoda, Onychophora, Tardigrada, Arthropoda, Echinodermata, Emichordata, Chordata. Outlines about Placozoa e “Mesozoa”.
The organisation and the differentiation of systems for locomotion and support, excretion and osmoregulation, circulation and gaaseous exchanges, reproduction, nervous transmission and sense organs, will be considered in the various metazoan phyla from a comparative and an evolutionary point of view
Life cycles.
Environment adaptations and adaptive radiations.
Phylogenetic relationships among the main metazoan phyla.
The laboratory part of the course allow a direct insight in the course content through the observation of living animals, fixed macroscopic and microscopic samples, models, videoclips. The structural body plans of the main metazoan phyla will be examined; part of the laboratory didactics will be devoted to the dissections of earthworms, cuttlefish, mantis shrimp.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The various topics of the course of Zoology are presented with lectures in power-point, which illustrate in details the morphology of the organisms related to the functions. Files are available for the students in internet.
Some impressive DVD are also shown for the presentation of the main taxa. The observation of live and fixed (both microscopical and macroscopical ones) specimens.
The course (12 CFU) consists in 80 h of lectures and 32 h of laboratory.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Some texbooks of Protozoology and Zoology at different levels of complexity are advised and one Guide for laboratory. The use of some dycotomic keys is also recommended to identify the organisms from the morphological traits.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • RUPPERT E.E., FOX R. S., BARNES R.D., ZOOLOGIA DEGLI INVERTEBRATI. Padova: Piccin Nuova Libraria, 2007. Cerca nel catalogo
  • PICCINNI E., IL REGNO DEI PROTOZOI. Padova: CLEUP, 2003. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Laboratory
  • Video shooting made by the teacher/the students
  • Use of online videos
  • Loading of files and pages (web pages, Moodle, ...)

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Life Below Water Life on Land