First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
MATERIALS SCIENCE
Course unit
QUANTUM PHYSICS
SCO2044216, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
MATERIALS SCIENCE
SC1163, Degree course structure A.Y. 2008/09, A.Y. 2019/20
N0
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 9.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination QUANTUM PHYSICS
Department of reference Department of Chemical Sciences
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Branch PADOVA
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Lecturers
Teacher in charge ANTONIO TROVATO FIS/03

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses FIS/01 Experimental Physics 2.0
Basic courses FIS/02 Theoretical Physics, Mathematical Models and Methods 5.0
Basic courses FIS/03 Material Physics 2.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
hours
Hours of
Individual study
Shifts
Practice 2.0 24 26.0 No turn
Lecture 7.0 56 119.0 No turn

Calendar
Start of activities 02/03/2020
End of activities 12/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2008 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
1 2019/20 06/03/2018 30/11/2020 TROVATO ANTONIO (Presidente)
AMBROSETTI ALBERTO (Membro Effettivo)
SENO FLAVIO (Membro Effettivo)

Syllabus
Prerequisites: Mathematics and Mathematics 2, Physics 1 and Physics 2
Target skills and knowledge: The course will introduce the basic concepts of wave quantum mechanics and show their simplest applications to the structure of physical matter. Moreover, the main features of quantum statistics will be introduced. The subject matter will be approached from a historical perspective, showing the critical issues leading to the failure of classical physics, and emphasizing the relevance of the comparison between theoretical models/predictions and experimental measures/validation.
Examination methods: The final exam is an oral test, with three questions on topics covered by the course.
Assessment criteria: The exam will assess the knowledge gained by the student with respect to basic topics introduced in the course, and his/her ability in critical thinking and in the solution of specific problems.
Course unit contents: THE QUANTUM THEORY OF LIGHT

Hertz’s Experiments—Light as an Electromagnetic Wave
Blackbody Radiation
The Rayleigh–Jeans Law and Planck’s Law
Light Quantization and the Photoelectric Effect
The Compton Effect and X-Rays

THE PARTICLE NATURE OF MATTER

Spectral Series
Bohr’s Quantum Model of the Atom
The Correspondence Principle and Angular Momentum Quantization
The Franck–Hertz Experiment

MATTER WAVES

The Pilot Waves of De Broglie
The Davisson–Germer Experiment
Wave Groups and Dispersion
Matter Wave Packets
The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
The Wave–Particle Duality: Double Slit Diffraction Experiment

QUANTUM MECHANICS IN ONE DIMENSION

The Born Interpretation
Wavefunction for a Free Particle
Wavefunctions in the Presence of Forces: Shroedinger Equation
The Particle in a Box
The Quantum Oscillator
Expectation Values
Observables and Operators
Quantum Uncertainty and the Eigenvalue Property

TUNNELING PHENOMENA

The Square Barrier
Barrier Penetration
Transmission Resonances

QUANTUM MECHANICS IN THREE DIMENSIONS

Particle in a Three-Dimensional Box
Central Forces and Angular Momentum
Space Quantization
Quantization of Angular Momentum and Energy
Spherical Armonics and the Radial Equation
Atomic Hydrogen and Hydrogen-like Ions: Ground State
and Excited States

ATOMIC STRUCTURE

Orbital Magnetism and the Normal Zeeman Effect
Stern-Gerlach Experiment and Electron Spin
The Spin–Orbit Interaction: Energy Level Fine Splitting
Exchange Symmetry and Pauli Exclusion Principle
Electron Interactions and Screening Effects
The Periodic Table
X-Ray Spectra and Moseley’s Law

STATISTICAL PHYSICS

The Maxwell–Boltzmann Distribution, density of states
The Maxwell Speed Distribution
The Equipartition of Energy
Quantum Statistics: Bose–Einstein and Fermi–Dirac Distributions
Applications of Bose–Einstein Statistics: Blackbody Radiation and Einstein’s Theory of Specific Heat
Applications of Fermi–Dirac Statistics: The Free-Electron Gas Theory of Metals
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Front lectures and exercise classes
Additional notes about suggested reading: Some lecture notes will be provided, on subjects treated by the teacher differently or more extensively with respect to the suggested textbooks. "Moddrn Physics" by Serway will be the main textbook. "Introduction to Quantum Mechanics" by Griffiths will be used in a couple of instances.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Serway, RA; Moses, CJ; Moyer CA, Modern Physics. --: --, --. Third Edition Cerca nel catalogo
  • Griffiths, DJ, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. --: Cambridge University Press, --. Cerca nel catalogo