
Course unit
QUANTUM PHYSICS
SCO2044216, A.A. 2019/20
Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19
ECTS: details
Type 
ScientificDisciplinary Sector 
Credits allocated 
Basic courses 
FIS/01 
Experimental Physics 
2.0 
Basic courses 
FIS/02 
Theoretical Physics, Mathematical Models and Methods 
5.0 
Basic courses 
FIS/03 
Material Physics 
2.0 
Course unit organization
Period 
Second semester 
Year 
2nd Year 
Teaching method 
frontal 
Type of hours 
Credits 
Teaching hours 
Hours of Individual study 
Shifts 
Practice 
2.0 
24 
26.0 
No turn 
Lecture 
7.0 
56 
119.0 
No turn 
Prerequisites:

Mathematics and Mathematics 2, Physics 1 and Physics 2 
Target skills and knowledge:

The course will introduce the basic concepts of wave quantum mechanics and show their simplest applications to the structure of physical matter. Moreover, the main features of quantum statistics will be introduced. The subject matter will be approached from a historical perspective, showing the critical issues leading to the failure of classical physics, and emphasizing the relevance of the comparison between theoretical models/predictions and experimental measures/validation. 
Examination methods:

The final exam is an oral test, with three questions on topics covered by the course. 
Assessment criteria:

The exam will assess the knowledge gained by the student with respect to basic topics introduced in the course, and his/her ability in critical thinking and in the solution of specific problems. 
Course unit contents:

THE QUANTUM THEORY OF LIGHT
Hertz’s Experiments—Light as an Electromagnetic Wave
Blackbody Radiation
The Rayleigh–Jeans Law and Planck’s Law
Light Quantization and the Photoelectric Effect
The Compton Effect and XRays
THE PARTICLE NATURE OF MATTER
Spectral Series
Bohr’s Quantum Model of the Atom
The Correspondence Principle and Angular Momentum Quantization
The Franck–Hertz Experiment
MATTER WAVES
The Pilot Waves of De Broglie
The Davisson–Germer Experiment
Wave Groups and Dispersion
Matter Wave Packets
The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
The Wave–Particle Duality: Double Slit Diffraction Experiment
QUANTUM MECHANICS IN ONE DIMENSION
The Born Interpretation
Wavefunction for a Free Particle
Wavefunctions in the Presence of Forces: Shroedinger Equation
The Particle in a Box
The Quantum Oscillator
Expectation Values
Observables and Operators
Quantum Uncertainty and the Eigenvalue Property
TUNNELING PHENOMENA
The Square Barrier
Barrier Penetration
Transmission Resonances
QUANTUM MECHANICS IN THREE DIMENSIONS
Particle in a ThreeDimensional Box
Central Forces and Angular Momentum
Space Quantization
Quantization of Angular Momentum and Energy
Spherical Armonics and the Radial Equation
Atomic Hydrogen and Hydrogenlike Ions: Ground State
and Excited States
ATOMIC STRUCTURE
Orbital Magnetism and the Normal Zeeman Effect
SternGerlach Experiment and Electron Spin
The Spin–Orbit Interaction: Energy Level Fine Splitting
Exchange Symmetry and Pauli Exclusion Principle
Electron Interactions and Screening Effects
The Periodic Table
XRay Spectra and Moseley’s Law
STATISTICAL PHYSICS
The Maxwell–Boltzmann Distribution, density of states
The Maxwell Speed Distribution
The Equipartition of Energy
Quantum Statistics: Bose–Einstein and Fermi–Dirac Distributions
Applications of Bose–Einstein Statistics: Blackbody Radiation and Einstein’s Theory of Specific Heat
Applications of Fermi–Dirac Statistics: The FreeElectron Gas Theory of Metals 
Planned learning activities and teaching methods:

Front lectures and exercise classes 
Additional notes about suggested reading:

Some lecture notes will be provided, on subjects treated by the teacher differently or more extensively with respect to the suggested textbooks. "Moddrn Physics" by Serway will be the main textbook. "Introduction to Quantum Mechanics" by Griffiths will be used in a couple of instances. 
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings) 

Serway, RA; Moses, CJ; Moyer CA, Modern Physics. : , . Third Edition

Griffiths, DJ, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. : Cambridge University Press, .


