First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
Course unit
SC03100241, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
SC1161, Degree course structure A.Y. 2008/09, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 8.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination COMPARATIVE ANATOMY
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Biology
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge LUCIA MANNI BIO/06

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses BIO/06 Comparative Anatomy and Citology 8.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Laboratory 1.0 16 9.0 No turn
Lecture 7.0 56 119.0 No turn

Start of activities 30/09/2019
End of activities 18/01/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2008 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
10 ANATOMIA COMPARATA 2019-2020 01/10/2019 27/11/2020 MANNI LUCIA (Presidente)
CIMA FRANCESCA (Membro Effettivo)
9 ANATOMIA COMPARATA 2018-2019 01/10/2018 30/11/2019 MANNI LUCIA (Presidente)
CIMA FRANCESCA (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: Knowledge of Cell Biology and Histology (in order to can easily recognize the tissue organization of organs) and General Zoology and Systematics (in particular, chordate systematics).
Target skills and knowledge: The teaching course aims to allow to student obtaining a global vision of structure, development and evolution of vertebrates. Knowledges will concern:
1) Concepts on evolution and classification
2) The phylum Chordata
3) Compared embryology
4) The tegumentary apparatus
5) The skeletal apparatus
6) The respiratory apparatus
7) The circulatory apparatus
8) The nervous and sensory systems
9) The endocrine system
10) The urogenital system.
The abilities acquired by students will be:
1) Use of appropriate scientific terminology
2) Ability to synthetize information and autonomy of judgement.

The abilities acquired by students will be:
1) Use of appropriate scientific terminology
2) Ability to synthetize information and autonomy of judgement.
Examination methods: The check occurs thorough a written and an oral test aiming to point out the scientific knowledge and lexicon, the ability to synthetize and the critical discussion acquired during the teaching course.
The written practical exam deals with the recognition of specimens, both macroscopic and microscopic, examined during the laboratory lessons. If overpassed, the written practical exam gives access to the oral exam.
The oral exam deals with topics debated and discussed during frontal lessons.
Assessment criteria: In the written practical exam, the ability to recognize and describe the chordate anatomical specimens showed to students during the laboratories will be evaluated.
In the oral exam, the knowledge of treated issues during frontal lessons, the ability to link them each other, the ability to synthetize information, and the propriety of language will be tested.
Course unit contents: The frontal lesson program content, in synthesis, is the following:
1) Basic concepts on the comparative methods, analogy and homology. The chordate bauplan: Tunicates, Cephalochordates and Vertebrates (3 hours)
2) Comparative embryology (fertilization, segmentation, gastrulation, neurulation), embryonic origin of organs (8 hours)
3) The tegumentary apparatus (3 hours)
4) The skeletal apparatus: skull, axial and appendicular skeleton (11 hours)
5) The respiratory apparatus: endoderm differentiation and gill development; gills and lungs (5 hours)
6) The circulatory apparatus: development and compared anatomy of hearts and aortic arches (4 hours)
7) The central and peripheral nervous system, the sensory systems (13 hours)
8) The endocrine system (3 hours)
9) The urogenital system (6 hours).
The program of the 8 laboratory activities is the following:
1) Embriology (2 hours)
2) The tegumentary apparatus (2 hours)
3) The skeletal apparatus (skull) (2 hours)
4) The skeletal apparatus (axial and appendicular skeleton) (2 hours)
5) The respiratory and circulatory apparatus (2 hours)
6) The nervous system and the sensory system (2 hours)
7) The urogenital apparatus (2 hours)
8) Specimen revision (2 hours).
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The teaching course is organized in frontal lessons in classroom, whose contents are presented using ppt files with images, schemes and videos. The teaching activity is interactive, with questions and specimen presentation, to promote discussion and critical considerations.
The laboratory activities are organized in 8 sessions, during which both macroscopic and microscopic specimens are analyzed. Each laboratory activity is introduced by a short ppt presentation with images, schemes and video, and by a working group activity in which students are guided in analyzing specific specimens. The didactic cards associated to each specimen are available to students on the e-learning ( web-page of the teaching activity.
Additional notes about suggested reading: The didactic cards used during the laboratory activities are available to students on the e-learning ( web-page of the teaching activity.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • K. F. Liem, W. E. Bemis, W.F. Walker, L. Grande, Anatomia Comparata dei Vertebrati. Una visione funzionale ed evolutiva.. Napoli: EdiSES, --. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Laboratory
  • Working in group
  • Questioning
  • Active quizzes for Concept Verification Tests and class discussions
  • Loading of files and pages (web pages, Moodle, ...)

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

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