First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
Course unit
SC09106130, A.A. 2018/19

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
SC1156, Degree course structure A.Y. 2014/15, A.Y. 2018/19
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination MINERALOGY
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Chemical Sciences
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge ALBERTA SILVESTRI GEO/09

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines GEO/06 Mineralogy 6.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 2.0 24 26.0 No turn
Lecture 4.0 32 68.0 No turn

Start of activities 25/02/2019
End of activities 14/06/2019
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2014 course timetable

Examination board
Examination board not defined

Prerequisites: Recommended previous knowledge of mathematics, inorganic chemistry and physics.
Target skills and knowledge: The course provides a broad introduction to the subject of mineralogy and this includes the study of geometrical-structural and chemico-physical properties of natural and synthetic crystals, and of main analytical techniques used in the field, i.e., X-ray diffraction and fluorescence and electron beam methods (electron microprobe and scanning electron microscopy). In addition, a brief overview of systematic and applied mineralogy is also carried out, in order to introduce the main minerals and their numerous applications.
Examination methods: Oral examination with practical test, to be held in the same day.
The oral examination is composed of various questions on course topics.
During practical test, students have to carry out one or more of the following activities: determination of the external symmetry of crystals; exercise on space-groups; recognition of common minerals in hand specimens; calculation of mineral formulas.
Final evaluation is given by calculating the weighted average of results of oral examination and practical test (70% oral examination and 30% practical test).
Assessment criteria: Students will be evaluated on:
1) Understanding of fundamental concepts of crystallography, crystal chemistry, mineral chemistry, systematic and applied mineralogy, and analytical methods used in mineralogy.
2) Correct use of technical language.
3) Capacity to present and discuss a topic in a critical way, to place it in the correct context and to understand logic relationships with other topics of the course and, in general, with the other disciplines.
4) Participation: active attitude in lectures and during class exercises.
Course unit contents: 1) Fundamentals of crystallography: crystal lattice, symmetry elements and operations, crystal systems, point-groups, translational symmetry elements, Bravais lattices, space-groups. The stereographic projection and its use.
2) An overview of the most common analytical methods used in mineralogy: the diffraction of X-ray by crystals and the contributions of Laue, Bragg and Ewald, reciprocal lattice and relationships with direct lattice; the intensities of X-ray diffracted beams: the structure factor and its application. X-ray sources; X-ray diffraction: the powder and single crystal methods; X-ray spectrometry: electron microprobe and X-ray fluorescence; scanning electron microscopy; Calculation of mineral formulas from chemical analyses and estimated structural formulas.
3) Fundamentals of crystal chemistry: chemical composition of lithosphere and abundance of elements, chemical bonding, isomorphism and solid solutions, coordination polyhedrals, Pauling’s rules, polymorphism, ideal and defect structures.
4) Fundamentals of physical properties of minerals (specific gravity, hardness, tenacity, cleavage and fracture, state of aggregation, optical and electric properties) and their relationships with crystal symmetries and crystal chemistry.
5) Fundamentals of systematic and applied mineralogy: principles of mineralogical classification, systematic description of the most common minerals with their main applications of the following groups: native elements, sulfides, oxides, halides, carbonates, sulfates, phosphates, and silicates.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Teaching and learning methods include lecture-based (32 hours) and practice-based input (24 hours). Practices are composed of exercises on stereographic projection and mineral formula, and recognition of common minerals in hand specimens. Visits to the laboratories of X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray single crystal diffraction, electron microprobe, X-ray fluorescence and scanning electron microscopy, located in the Department of Geosciences, are also scheduled as further practical activity.
Methods of active learning will be also carried out, in order to stimulate interest of students.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Slides and other teaching materials used during the lectures and exercises are provided.
The books, reported in the following section, are also suggested to consult for further information. They are available at the library of the Department of Geosciences.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Klein, Cornelis, Mineralogia. Bologna: Zanichelli, 2004. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Carobbi, Guido, Mineralogia Carobbi. Torino: UTET, 1992. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Putnis, Andrew, Introduction to mineral sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Bonatti, Stefano; Franzini, Marco, Cristallografia mineralogica. Torino: Boringhieri, 1984, --. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Lecturing
  • Laboratory
  • Working in group
  • Questioning
  • Active quizzes for Concept Verification Tests and class discussions

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)
  • Kahoot

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Responsible Consumption and Production