First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
Course unit
SC01100867, A.A. 2018/19

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
IF0320, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2018/19
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 11.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination ANIMAL BIOLOGY
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Chemical Sciences
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge MATTEO GRIGGIO BIO/05
Other lecturers NICOLA FRANCHI 000000000000

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses BIO/05 Zoology 11.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Laboratory 2.0 32 18.0 No turn
Lecture 9.0 72 153.0 No turn

Start of activities 25/02/2019
End of activities 14/06/2019
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Examination board
Examination board not defined

Target skills and knowledge: The course aims to provide scientific knowledge in the fields of evolutionary biology: animal diversity and mechanisms of adaptation. Particular emphasis will be given to the ecology and behaviour of animals. The course will introduce students to the animal biodiversity by presenting, in a taxonomic-evolutionary key, the main groups (Invertebrates and Vertebrates). The course aims to put the student in a position to correctly determine, with the use of Systematic Keys, animal organisms (Invertebrates and Vertebrates) At the end of the course, the students will have improved their knowledge in animal biology throughout an evolutionary approach. Moreover, the students will have gained a critical approach to successfully operate in the study and preservation of biodiversity.
Examination methods: Multiple choice test and oral exam
Assessment criteria: Practical exercises are part of the course both in nature and in the laboratory, for which the attendance requirement is required, and on which the practical proof of profit will be based

In the written test, the degree of learning of the topics covered in the course and the ability to establish links between the different topics will be evaluated.
Course unit contents: - Evolutionary Biology: Natural Selection and Sexual Selection
- Biodiversity: behaviour and animal ecology
- Overview of the history of life on Earth.
- Animal tissues: epithelial tissue, connective tissues (connective, bone, cartilage, blood and immune defenses), nervous tissue; muscle tissue and muscle contraction.
- Main stages in the evolution of animals
- Asexual and sexual reproduction. Gametogenesis and reproduction in animals.
- Nutrition in animals. Filtering animals, detritivores, burners, predators (herbivores and carnivores). Intra- and extracellular digestion.
- Digestive system.
- Circulation in animals. Open and closed circulatory systems. Types of heart. Simple and double circulation in Vertebrates.
- Respiratory exchanges in animals.
- Endocrine system.
- Control of the internal environment in animals. Excretory organs.
- Main types of sensory receptors: skin receptors, mechanoreceptors (balance and lateral line organs), photoceptors, chemoreceptors.
- Mechanisms of evolution. Evolution by natural and sexual selection.
- Scientific nomenclature. Biological species concept. Types of speciation and mechanisms of reproductive isolation.
- Introduction to the Animal Kingdom
- Overview of the chemical-physical characteristics of the main environments (aquatic, terrestrial and endozoic) and main adaptations in animal organisms.
- Principles of taxonomy - Species and speciation - concepts of homology and analogy - adaptive convergences.
- Overview of Zoogeography, distribution and adaptation of animal organisms to different ecosystems, with particular attention to the terrestrial environment.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: There are 72 hours of lectures and 32 hours of laboratory activities, two per week, which are an integral part of the course and participation is mandatory.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Materials (scientific papers and electronic materials) will be provided to the students with in-depth study of parts of the course not adequately covered in the recommended text.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Lecturing
  • Laboratory
  • Problem based learning
  • Case study
  • Interactive lecturing
  • Working in group
  • Questioning
  • Problem solving

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Climate Action Life Below Water Life on Land