
Course unit
APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS AND HEAT TRANSFER (Ult. numero di matricola dispari)
IN12103169, A.A. 2019/20
Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19
ECTS: details
Type 
ScientificDisciplinary Sector 
Credits allocated 
Core courses 
INGIND/10 
Technical Physics 
9.0 
Course unit organization
Period 
First semester 
Year 
2nd Year 
Teaching method 
frontal 
Type of hours 
Credits 
Teaching hours 
Hours of Individual study 
Shifts 
Lecture 
9.0 
72 
153.0 
No turn 
Prerequisites:

The students should have acquired the basic knowledges of the physics and differential calculus. 
Target skills and knowledge:

The educational goal is to provide the basics knoweledge of the applied thermodynamics and heat transfer processes, presenting realworld engineering examples, so that students can get an idea of how thermodynamics and heat transfer are applied in engineering practice. The acquired notions are applied to the analysis of engineering cycles and thermal plants. 
Examination methods:

he exam takes place in writing and the students has a total of 2 hours and 30 minutes to do it.
It is divided into two parts: exercise + theory. The two parts have the same weight on the final vote.
Exercise: the student has to solve a numerical problem (he has 1 hour and 30 minutes).
Theory: the student has to illustrate three different topics, the first one concerning general thermodynamics, the second one concerning thermodynamic cycles and the third one concerning heat transmission (he has 1 hour). 
Assessment criteria:

The final vote is an average of 2 votes: respectively the votes of the theory and of the exercise.
Each part must be at least with vote 16 and the average of the two votes must be 18
EXAMPLE: vote of theory 16, vote of the exercise 20: the exam is passed with final vote 18. Vote of theory 16, vote of the exercise 18: the exam is not passes 
Course unit contents:

THERMODYNAMICS
First law of thermodynamics: first law for closed and open open systems. Examples of work for reversible transformations. Examples of application of the first principle.
Second law of thermodynamics: statements by Kelvin and Clausius. Thermal machine. Thermal efficiency. Carnot cycle, Carnot theorem. Equality of Clausius and Clausius inequality. Entropy.
The idealgas equation of state. Joule Thompson's experience. Specific heat of the idealgas. Idealgas transformations: isobaric, isochoric, isothermal, reversible adiabatic processes. Kinetic theory of the ideal gas. Entropy of the ideal gas. Numerical examples.
Non ideal gas: principle of corresponding states, compressibility factor, Van der Waals equation. Numerical examples.
Pure substances: state diagrams. PvT surfaces for pure substances. Tv surfaces, pv surfaces, pT surfaces. Saturated liquidvapor mixture, vapor quality. Superheated vapor and compressed liquid. The Mollier hs diagram. The Ts diagram. The ph diagram.
Vapor power cycles: Rankine cycle. Reheat cycle. Hirn cycle. Regenerative cycle. Cogeneration with steam systems. Numerical examples.
Gas power cycles: Otto cycle. Diesel cycle. BraytonJoule cycle. Application of the BraytonJoule cycle to aircraft engines. Numerical examples.
Reverse steam cycles: refrigeration cycle and heat pump cycle. Double compression refrigeration cycle. Double compression and double lamination refrigerator cycle. Cascade cycles. Numerical examples. Conditioning systems.
HEAT TRANSFER
Steady heat conduction: Fourier's postulate, the thermal conductivity of substances. General equation of conduction. Integration of the general conduction equation for a slab with or without internal heat source and for composite slabs. Integration of the general conduction equation for a thickwalled tube or composite tube without internal heat source and for a cylinder with internal heat source. Numerical examples.
Unsteady heat conduction: negligible internal resistance materials; periodic heat conduction. Numerical examples.
Convection: forced and natural convection. Laminar and turbulent flow. Boundary layer. Reynolds number, Prandtl number and Nusselt number. Equations for forced convection. Grashof number and Rayleigh number. Equations for natural convection. Numerical examples.
Global heat transmission: global heat exchange coefficient. Heat exchangers: types. Temperature profile. Concentric tubes heat exchanger: sizing. Efficiency. Numerical examples.
Irradiation: spectrum of electromagnetic radiation. Thermal radiation: definitions. Absorption, reflection and transparency coefficients. Gray surfaces. The black body and its laws. Radiation for nonblack surfaces, emissivity. Kirchoff's laws. Heat exchange radiant mortgage. The shape factor. Radiation between black surfaces. Radiation between nonblack surfaces. Radiation between parallel flat surfaces and coaxial cylindrical surfaces. Numerical examples. 
Additional notes about suggested reading:

TESTI CONSIGLIATI:
Appunti e dispense delle lezioni
A. Cavallini, L. Mattarolo, “Termodinamica Applicata” – CLEUP
C. Bonacina, A. Cavallini, L. Mattarolo, “Trasmissione del Calore” – CLEUP.\
Yunus A. Cengel, "Termodinamica e trasmissione del calore", Mc Graw Hill
P. Brunello "Lezioni di Fisica Tecnica"  EdiSES
M. Campanale “Problemi risolti di Fisica Tecnica” – Edizioni Libreria Progetto. Padova
TESTI PER LA CONSULTAZIONE:
G.F.C. Rogers, Y.R. Mayhew, “Engineering Thermodynamics Work and Heat Transfer”, 4th Ed., Longman, London, 1993.
F.P. Incropera, D.P. De Witt, “Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer”, 5th Ed., Wiley, New York, 2002. 
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings) 

A. Cavallini, L. Mattarolo, Termodinamica Applicata. Padova: CLEUP, .

C. Bonacina, A. Cavallini, L. Mattarolo, Trasmissione del Calore. Padova: CLEUP, .

M. Campanale, Problemi risolti di Fisica Tecnica. Padova: Edizioni Libreria Progetto, .

P. Brunello, Lezioni di Fisica Tecnica. Napoli: EdiSES, .

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
 Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

