First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Course unit
AVP7077559, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
AV2378, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2019/20
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Degree course track Common track
Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Comparative Biomedicine and Food Science
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction English
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge LAURA CAVICCHIOLI VET/03

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses VET/03 General Pathology and Veterinary Pathological Anatomy 6.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 1.0 8 17.0 No turn
Lecture 5.0 40 85.0 No turn

Start of activities 02/03/2020
End of activities 12/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Prerequisites: Students are required to have solid knowledge of Biochemistry, General Biology and Comparative Animal Anatomy and Physiology.
Required foundation courses: Comparative Animal Physiology
Target skills and knowledge: To develop theoretical knowledge on the pattern of reactions of animal organisms to injuries and practical skills to perform the main diagnostic ancillary techniques.
To understand the causes of animal diseases and the mechanisms of cellular and tissue damage and reaction. Students will be able to understand why animals show sign of disease and to follow the main diagnostic ancillary techniques.
Examination methods: In class tests: active participation during practicals and during microscope sessions with in class tests (10% of the final score).

Midterm exam (40% of the final grade): will cover both theoretical and practical components. Written open questions and multiple choice questions, possibly including photographs and microscopic lesions.

Final exam (50% of the final grade, if the midterm test is carried out and passed) will cover both theoretical and practical components. Written open questions and multiple choice questions, possibly including photographs and microscopic lesions.

If the student doesn’t sit or doesn’t pass the mid term test (with at least 60% of correct answers) the final test will cover the entire program of the course and weights 90% of the final score.
In this case, the test will cover both theoretical and practical components of the whole course with written open questions and multiple choice questions, possibly including photographs and microscopic lesions.
Assessment criteria: The examination will cover both practical and theoretical learning objectives. Student is expected to know the pattern of reactions of animal organisms to injuries, their main causes and consequences. Student is also expected to be able to perform basic laboratory procedures.
Assessment criteria include the degree of knowledge of acquired information and the capability to link different mechanisms of reaction and cause/consequence relationships.
Course unit contents: The course lectures cover:
-Concepts of pathologic animal structure and functions and the main causes of derangement from normality at cell, tissue and organ level.
Mechanisms of cellular and tissue injury and damage, cell adaptation, cell death (necrosis, necroptosis and apoptosis), healing and tissue repair.
-Causes and mechanisms of acute and chronic inflammatory reactions with example of their general morphology. Mechanisms of microbial infections (bacterial, viral, fungal, parasitic): portal of entry, target cells, pathways of spread.
-Vascular disorders as cause of disease.
-Basic outlines on mechanisms of immune system function. Exaggerated reaction of immune system (hypersensibility reactions) and basic mechanisms of autoimmune diseases.
-Basic tumor epidemiology. Benign and malignant tumors. Essential genetic and phenotypic events of neoplastic progression and its relationship with local and systemic effects of neoplasia.

Lab sessions and practical activities cover: Basic criteria and techniques for tissue sampling (cytology and histology). General procedures for execution (sampling techniques: routes/volumes/frequency), and analysis of hematological, biochemical and refractive index on biological fluid in different animal species, including mouse, rat, avian and domestic animals. The need for rigour and consistency in conducting scientific procedures and the correct recording and handling of samples will be taught.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course includes 40 hours of lectures and 8 hours of lab sessions focused on laboratory techniques. Lectures will be performed with ppt slides projection, examination of macroscopic lesions and histological slides regarding the pathological processes showed (these are marked in the detailed schedule when the final school time is published) and open discussion with active student involvement on case studies.
Lab sessions with practical activities are based on participative interaction and hands on activities.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Detailed learning objectives, pdf slides and schedule are available on Moodle (
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Zachary J, Pathologic basis of Veterinary Diseases. St Louis Missouri: Elsevier, 2017. 6th Edition

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Lecturing
  • Laboratory
  • Working in group
  • Flipped classroom

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

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