First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Course unit
AVP4064799, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
AG0061, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2019/20
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Degree course track PAESAGGIO, PARCHI E GIARDINI [001LE]
Number of ECTS credits allocated 8.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination TURF MANAGEMENT
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge STEFANO MACOLINO AGR/02

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses AGR/02 Agronomy and Herbaceous Cultivation 8.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 2.0 16 34.0 No turn
Lecture 6.0 48 102.0 No turn

Start of activities 02/03/2020
End of activities 12/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
5 Commissione a.a. 2019/20 01/12/2019 30/11/2020 MACOLINO STEFANO (Presidente)
ZANIN GIAMPAOLO (Membro Effettivo)
4 Commissione a.a. 2018/19 01/12/2018 30/11/2019 MACOLINO STEFANO (Presidente)
ZANIN GIAMPAOLO (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: The basic knowledge concerning Agronomy and General biology allow students to attend the course with a great benefit.
Target skills and knowledge: At the end of the course, the student should have acquired the basic knowledge and practical abilities needed to design, establish and manage the herbaceous plant communities that are most commonly used in anthropic environments. The student should also be able to make choices and define strategies for establishment and maintenance of these herbaceous coenoses in a perspective of environmental sustainability.
Examination methods: The exam consists of a single oral test at the end of the course.
Assessment criteria: The evaluation criteria with which the verification of knowledge and skills will be verified are:
- completeness of knowledge
- ability to transfer knowledge and skills learned in different contexts
- ability to solve practical problems of application of agronomic cultivation techniques
- acquisition of the correct terminology
- ability to make connections between the topics covered in the course.
Course unit contents: The course provides the basic knowledge for the development and turf management, with particular reference to ornamental and recreational types, as well as revegetation techniques in the context of agro-ecosystems (orchards, vineyards, etc.) and heavily altered sites (quarries, landfills, etc.). The course also introduces the basic knowledge for the creation and management of wildflower lawns and extensive green roofs.

Specifically, the course is divided into the following four parts

1) The turfgrass in the urban environment:
-turfgrass typology (ornamental, recreational, sports turf)
-environmental benefits associated with the turfgrass
-factors affecting turf quality
-botanical features of plants of Poaceae Family.

2) Turfgrass establishment

- Identification, morphology and environmental adaptability of the most common cool- and warm-season turf species Lolium perenne, Poa pratensis, Festuca arundiancea, Festuca rubra subsp. rubra, Festuca rubra subsp. trichophylla, Festuca rubra subsp. commutata, Festuca ovina, Agrostis stolonifera, Agrostis canina, Agrostis tenuis, Poa compressa, Cynodon dactylon, Zoysia japonica, Zoysia matrella, Zoysia pacifica, Paspalum vaginatum, Buchloe dactyloides, Stenotaphrum secundatum, Pennisetum clandestimun, Dichondra repens)
-mixtures of cool- and warm-season species for low maintenance turfgrasses in transition zone enviromìnemnts
-establishment methods for ornamentals, recreational and sports turfs (sowing, sprigging, plugging and sodding)
-golf course areas (Tee, Green, Fairway, and Rough)
-sod production and establishment
-construction systems for highly managed turfgrasses such as soccer pitches, rugby pitches, and golf greens (Sand capped system, USGA, California system, Cellsystem, Reinforced drainage)

3) Turfgrass management and disease control:
-main cultural practices (mowing, fertilization, irrigation)
-the sportsturfs cultural practices (topdressing, verticutting, vertidrain, water injection, and core aeration)
-cultural practices for weed control
-turfgrass fungal disease in a transition environment

4) grass restorations:
-principles and concepts fundamental to grass restoration for ecological and aesthetic purposes
-classification, techniques of establishment and management
of grass restoration in agroecosystems (orchards, vineyards, buffer strips) and sites altered by human activities or natural events (landslides, quarries, dumps, sky slopes, etc.)
-environmental benefits of green roofs
-construction, design, and management of extensive green roofs and "turf-roofs"
-construction, design, and management of wildflowers lawns, with particular regard to lowland environment.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: In addition to classroom lectures, the course includes practical lessons in the field that will be held primarily at the University's Experimental Agricultural Farm. Some educational visits to sports facilities and companies operating in turfgrasses, grass restorations and green roofs (seed companies, sodding farms, companies involved in substrates and plant material production for green roofs, etc.) will also be planned to put students in connections with real-world issues.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Attendance at lectures is recommended, the lecturer makes available the teaching material he uses to carry out the lessons. The topics covered are reported exhaustively in the material provided during the course.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Problem solving
  • Use of online videos
  • seminars

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Clean Water and Sanitation Sustainable Cities and Communities Climate Action