First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Human and Social Sciences and Cultural Heritage
Course unit
LEL1000256, A.A. 2018/19

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
LE0613, Degree course structure A.Y. 2018/19, A.Y. 2018/19
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Linguistic and Literary Studies
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge LAURA VANELLI 000000000000

Course unit code Course unit name Teacher in charge Degree course code

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses L-LIN/01 Glottology and Linguistics 6.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 6.0 42 108.0 No turn

Start of activities 25/09/2018
End of activities 18/01/2019
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2018 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
10 1920 01/10/2019 30/11/2020 VANELLI LAURA (Presidente)
BALSEMIN TOMMASO (Membro Effettivo)
9 1819 01/10/2018 30/11/2019 VANELLI LAURA (Presidente)
BERTOCCI DAVIDE (Membro Effettivo)
GARZONIO JACOPO (Membro Effettivo)
VIGOLO MARIA TERESA (Membro Effettivo)
DA TOS MARTINA (Supplente)
1 1718 01/10/2017 30/11/2018 VANELLI LAURA (Presidente)
BERTOCCI DAVIDE (Membro Effettivo)
GARZONIO JACOPO (Membro Effettivo)
VIGOLO MARIA TERESA (Membro Effettivo)
DA TOS MARTINA (Supplente)

Prerequisites: Since the course focuses essentially on the study of phonology, the knowledge of the fundamental notions of phonetics is a prerequisite for the students. In particular, phonetic description, classification of sounds, as well as the system of phonetic transcription of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) are considered as acquired knowledge.
Target skills and knowledge: The course aims to acquire knowledge of the most relevant aspects of phonological analysis of natural languages. The aim is especially to focus on the issues deriving from the theoretical and empirical analysis of the phonological systems, as well as their structure and functioning.
The general framework of reference is Generative Phonology, in its different developments.
Examination methods: Verification of knowledge and expected abilities is carried out through a final written exam of the maximum duration of 2 hours. The test consists of six questions, open questions aiming at assessing the acquisition of theoretical knowledge and exercises/structured questions concerning the application of tools of analysis and of description, presented during the course.
Assessment criteria: The assessment of the students' preparation will be based on a) understanding of the topics, b) acquisition of concepts and methodologies, c) ability to apply acquired knowledge in an autonomous way. Special attention will be given in the assessment to the argumentative capacity of the student in Addressing and elaborating the topics proposed.
Course unit contents: The course is structured in 3 parts:
I Part
1) Notion of “phoneme” and “allophone” (from the Prague School to the Generative Grammar)
2) a. Levels of phonological representation. Relations among levels.
2) b. Representation of phonological processes : phonological rules. Interactions between processes and ranking of rules.
3) Theory of phonological features: distinctiveness, natural classes, representation of phonological classes, universality.
II Part
4) “Non-linear” representation of phonology. Autosegmental theory and the “feature geometry”
III Part
6) Natural and conventional aspects in phonological systems: the Theory of Markedness.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course consists of lectures, open to involvement and discussion with the students. If possible, depending also on the number of students, a workshop will be organised to deepen the knowledge of some modern phonological theories.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Students enrolled in the Linguistics LM Course are highly recommended to follow this course.
For students enrolled in LM Courses in European and American Languages and Literature, as well as in Modern languages for International Communication and Cooperation, that intend to sustain the exam without attending the course, a partially different programme is foreseen than the one above presented. The reference texts are:
P. Maturi, I suoni delle lingue, i suoni dell'italiano, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2006.
M. Nespor e L. Bafile, I suoni del linguaggio, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2008, capp.1-6.

The students enrolled in LM Course in Linguistics that are not able to attend the course will follow the progamme foreseen for the student of the other LM courses, with reference text as above.

For all attending students the reference texts are indicated below, and shall be integrated by lectures notes and further bibliographical material that will be uploaded in Moodle.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Odden, David, Introducing phonology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013. Capp. 3-6 (oppure 2013: 2.a ediz., Capp. 2-5) Cerca nel catalogo
  • Calabrese, Andrea, Markedness Theory versus Phonological Idiosyncracies in a Realistic Model of Language. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2009. pp. 261-304 Cerca nel catalogo
  • Backley, Phillip, An Introduction to Element Theory. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2011. Per consultazione Cerca nel catalogo