First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
Course unit
SC02119331, A.A. 2018/19

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
SC1170, Degree course structure A.Y. 2015/16, A.Y. 2018/19
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination INORGANIC CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Chemical Sciences
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge GAETANO GRANOZZI CHIM/03

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses CHIM/03 General and Inorganic Chemistry 6.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 6.0 48 102.0 No turn

Start of activities 25/02/2019
End of activities 14/06/2019
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2015 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
1 2019/20 20/01/2014 30/11/2020 GRANOZZI GAETANO (Presidente)
AGNOLI STEFANO (Membro Effettivo)
RIZZI GIAN-ANDREA (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: Basic knowledge of thermodynamics and kinetics
Target skills and knowledge: Basics on solids
Crystal chemistry
Thermodynamics of interphases
Diffusion in solids
Defectivity in solids
Transformations in solids
Overview of the methods of preparation of materials
Examination methods: Oral (3 questions for a total of ca 1/2 hour)
Assessment criteria: The acquisition of knowledge and skills described above will be evaluated.
Course unit contents: Introduction of the purposes of materials science
Description of ideal solids
The structure of the crystals. The lattices. The elementary cell. Symmetry elements. The Bravais lattices. The point groups. The space groups. Plans and directions in crystals. Miller indices. Reciprocal lattice. Relations between the reciprocal lattice and direct lattice . Basics of diffraction methods for the structural solving. Bragg equation. Laue vision . Ewald sphere. Methods of study of crystalline powders. Amorphous solids.
Descriptive crystal chemistry
Development of relations between the electronic structure of the elements, nature of bonds and crystal structure. Structures related to compact aggregates of spheres. Vision of interconnected polyhedrons. Classification of solids based on the type of chemical bond.
Ionic solids: lattice energy, ionic radii and interradial ratio , relations with the ionic radius (its limits). Born-Haber cycle.
Polarizability of the ions and Fajans rules. Qualitative relationships between the mechanical properties and structure. Metallic solids: metals and alloys.
Free electrons in metals. Bonding in solids. Tight Binding. Conductors, semiconductors and insulators. Doping. Diodes and p-n junctions. Solar cells, LEDs.
Description of real solids
Point defects. Schottky and Frenkel defects. Color centers. Linear and planar extended defects. Dislocations. Stacking-faults. Not stoichiometric solids. Ionic conduction. Fuel cells. Importance of surfaces. A brief chronology of Surface Science. Thin films and their importance. Notes on the structure of ideal surfaces. Reconstructions and relaxations. Defects and surface chemisorption sites.
Transformations and reactivity in solids
Elements of thermodynamics of interfaces. Surface energy. Colloids. Flat and curved Interfaces. Thomson-Gibbs equation.
Wettability. Classification of the transformations in solids. Mass transport processes in solids. Definition of
thermodynamical force. Diffusion equation. Examples of application of the Second Law of Fick. Intracrystalline and surface diffusion. Phase transitions.
Homogeneous nucleation. Heterogeneous nucleation. Growth kinetics. TTT diagrams. Sintering. Preparation of amorphous solids.
Solid state reactions. Topochemicoal control. Classification of reactions depending on the interface. Decomposition reactions.
Avrami-Erofeev equation. Reactions at the solid-solid interface: Wagner mechanism. Redox reactions. Methods of preparation of crystals from the melt (Czochralski, Bridgman, melting zones). Methods of preparation of polycrystalline materials and powders. Ceramic method. Methods of preparation from the vapor phase. Methods of preparation by the liquid phase.
Sol-gel method. Precipitation. Methods of preparation of thin films: physical and chemical methods. CVD, VPE, MBE, MO-CVD, sputtering.
Epitaxy. Intercalation compounds and lamellar graphite, chalcogenides, lamellar silicates and clay.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Classroom lectures with Powerpoint presentations
Additional notes about suggested reading: Handouts and presentation files
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Shriver and Atkins, Inorganic Chemistry. --: Oxford University Press, 1999. Cerca nel catalogo
  • G. Granozzi, Chimica dello Stato Solido e delle Superfici. --: Cleup, 1999.
  • L. Smart, E. Moore, Solid State Chemistry. An Introduction. --: Chapman& Hall, 1995. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Lecturing
  • Case study

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Quality Education Affordable and Clean Energy Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure Responsible Consumption and Production