First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Engineering
Course unit
INN1032119, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
IN0528, Degree course structure A.Y. 2014/15, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination ENERGY AND BUILDINGS
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Industrial Engineering
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction English
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge MICHELE DE CARLI ING-IND/10
Other lecturers JACOPO VIVIAN ING-IND/10

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses ING-IND/10 Technical Physics 6.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 6.0 48 102.0 No turn

Start of activities 02/03/2020
End of activities 12/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2014 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
9 A.A. 2019/2020 01/10/2019 30/11/2020 DE CARLI MICHELE (Presidente)
VIVIAN JACOPO (Membro Effettivo)
8 A.A. 2018/19 01/10/2018 30/11/2019 DE CARLI MICHELE (Presidente)
ZARRELLA ANGELO (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: It is not mandatory, but it is recommended to have a basic knowledge on heating and cooling plants and components, i.e. for Italian students "Impianti termotecnici".
Target skills and knowledge: Students will have an overview of the problems of energy in buildings, looking both at the envelope and at the heating/cooling system (including ventilation).
Students will be able to predict an energy audit of a civil building, but they will have the knowledge for determining the energy consumption of commercial or industrial buildings as well.
Students will have an overall view of the problem of energy in buildings (heating, cooling, ventilation, lighting, electrical devices, etc.) not only related to the energy but also to comfort, environmental quality and productivity of occupants.
Students will have a rough view of the design of a HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) system, but will be able to manage software and tools (ENERGYPLUS) which are not still widely used by designers. Students will not have the experience for designing, but they will have a new way and vision for the design of HVAC systems.
Examination methods: Students have to deliver the report based on the calculations. There are two possible deadlines to present the report: one deadline is in June for the students who want to take the exam in the summer period (June-July), the other deadline is in September for the students who want to take the exam in the autumn and winter period (September, January, February). The report has to include:
- the electric and heating consumptions based on bills
- analysis of a thermal bridge: define the heat loss and the possible condensation problem and correction
- determination of the energy demand of the building by means of the freeware dynamic simulation tool ENERGYPLUS
- Comparison between results of calculations and energy bills
- evaluation of the efficiency of the current plant
- proposal of retrofit of the building: building envelope and plants
- final editing of the report

The examination will be based on the result of the report and on two written questions based on the theory.
The students are strongly recommended to attend the laboratory to learn the calculation tools which have to be used in the report.
Assessment criteria: The student will be evaluated based on the report and related calculations as well as on the two open questions.
The evaluation will include the ability of the student to summarize and to handle the knowledge of the course.
Course unit contents: Indoor environmental quality (comfort, ventilation and lighting). Determination of weather conditions for the energy calculation of a building.
Determination of main characteristics and problems related to building envelope: insulation, thermal bridges, condensation.
Determination of main characteristics and problems related to glazing surfaces: lighting transmission, solar energy transmisison, shading, daylighting and glare.
Thermal balance of a room (steady state and dynamic). Determination of heating, domestic hot water, cooling and electrical consumptions of a building.
Energy and environmental certification and labelling.
The concept of multi-energy systems
ZEB (Zero Energy Buildings).
Energy in districts
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Traditional.
First a theoretical approach is presented. Then examples, which allow the student to understand how the report and the related calculations have to be carried out, are shown.
There are lectures carried out in the laboratory for showing how to use the programs for the calculations.
Modelling programs used in the course are free existing tools and software in different fields:
- thermal bridges (FEMM 4.2)
- dynamic simulation software ENERGYPLUS
- Excel spreadsheets
Additional notes about suggested reading: Lecture notes.
Moodle is used for allowing students to download the power point presentations of the lectures and the related texts.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Michele De Carli, Simulation and numerical methods. Energy modeling for buildings and components.. Budapest:: TERC, 2013. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Lecturing
  • Laboratory
  • Case study
  • Problem solving
  • Loading of files and pages (web pages, Moodle, ...)
  • Reflective writing

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)
  • Conduction heat transfer in 2-D, Dynamic model ENERGYPLUS, SKETCHUP

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Affordable and Clean Energy Sustainable Cities and Communities Climate Action