First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Engineering
Course unit
INP7081037, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
IN0517, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2019/20
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Degree course track IDRAULICA [002PD]
Number of ECTS credits allocated 9.0
Type of assessment Mark
Department of reference Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction English
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge LUCA MARTINELLI ICAR/02

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses ICAR/02 Maritime Hydraulic Construction and Hydrology 9.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 9.0 72 153.0 No turn

Start of activities 02/03/2020
End of activities 12/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
2 2019 01/10/2019 15/03/2021 MARTINELLI LUCA (Presidente)
RUOL PIERO (Membro Effettivo)
1 2018 01/10/2018 15/03/2020 MARTINELLI LUCA (Presidente)
RUOL PIERO (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: None.
Target skills and knowledge: The course aims at providing the student with the necessary knowledge in order to operate with contractors and authorities engaged in planning, design, construction and management of coastal defense structures, and the proper skills in order to keep into account safety, cost-effectiveness and environmental criteria. To the purpose, the course will include lectures, exercises in the laboratory and in MATLAB (a licence will be granted also to Erasmus students) one seminar and possibly a technical tour. A few study cases will be discussed, pointing out the critical issues, and the class will suggest what mitigation measures to adopt, developing a design including costs, technologies and a time schedule.
Examination methods: The evaluation will be based on the basis of:
- numerical exercises (a collection of 3 exercises among those carried out in class must be presented by each group, formed by 3-4 persons).
- short experimental exercise collectively done during the year
- oral discussion on theoretical arguments (a list of questions will be available)
Assessment criteria: Evaluation will be based on the:
-quality of exercices (50%)
-oral examination (50%)
Course unit contents: The scheme of the course is
PART A (processes):
Wave theory; wave transformation from off-shore to the shoreline; wave irregularity; role of the waves on the coastal hydrodynemics; ruolo di onde e idrodinamica costiera sul trasporto solido
PART B (design):
Come scegliere la difesa della costa in base ai calcoli fatti e le risorse disponibili

WAVE THEORY: elementary theory of waves, the dispersion relation, diffraction, refraction, shoaling, wave breaking process, radiation stress, wave set-up, Piling up. Longitudinal coastal currents (longshore), cross (rip) and return (undertow) currents. Distribution of the longshore currents induced by wave breaking. Sea level rise. Astronomical tide. Storm surge. Subsidence.
SEDIMENT TRANSPORT Average wave climate concept. Sediment transport mechanisms, depth of closure. Equilibrium profile. Dean profile. Longitudinal and cross-shore transport (Larson & Kraus). CERC formula, Equation of the shore line (diffusion model). Distribution of the longshore sediment transport, Bijker formula. Sediment balance. Elements of coastal morphology. The beaches: the size of the sediment. Physiographic unit.
COASTAL PROTECTION Selection of the design wave. Return period, probability distribution and cumulative frequency. Frequency factor. Materials, mechanical properties. Beach nourishment. Techniques, fill factor concept. Initial volumes and reintegration. Long-term effectiveness of the nourishments. Dunes. Detached breakwaters, emerged and submerged, innovative works, geotextiles, bypass systems of the sands. Dredging near shore and offshore, Flooding risk. Global Change: sea level rise and coastal erosion, coastal flooding and risk assessment.
TECHNOLOGIES: pontoons, boats, tugs. Hydraulic excavators, mechanical, buckets for excavations in water. Geotextiles, laying methods. Analysis of the costs and timings. Planning areas. Impact assessment of the work, the authorization process.
PHYSICAL AND NUMERICAL MODELING Models for wave propagation, circulation, morphological, morpho-dynamic models. One line, 2D, 3D models. Froude scale, theory of wave generation, laboratory instruments, calibration procedures.
WAVE ENERGY CONVERTERS Seminar by: Prof. P. Frigaard, Aalborg University (DK), director of the Civil Engineering Department, which assesses possible interest to carry out one/two thesis in Aalborg.
LABORATORY Exercises: 1) Calibration of wave gauges; 2) Generation of a regular wave 3) Generation of an irregular wave 4) Data acquisition 5) Optional: Perform a simple experiment (based on availability of the laboratory)
MATLAB OR OCTAVE EXERCISES 1) Introduction; Operations between vectors; Functions; Charts; Solution dispersion relation of the waves, if/for cycles, load data from laboratory 2) Design of a nourishment, analysis of wave climate; 3) Prediction of nourishment evolution 4) Design of groin system (assessment annual longitudinal transport distribution) 5) Analysis of Laboratory data: Identification of incident and reflected waves, Evaluation of transmission coefficient, of loads.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course is composed of theoretical lectures, a seminar in wave energy converters and/or dredging technologies, physical model tests carried out in the physical model of the maritime laboratory(6 h) and computer exercices (20 h).
Additional notes about suggested reading: Coastal Engineering Manual, scaricabile da:
Shore Protection Manual. Vol. 1, 2. Department of the Army, Waterwais Experiment Station, Corps of Engineers. Coastal Engineering Research Center, 1984.
Dean R.G. & R.A.Dalrymple 1984:"Water wave mechanics for engineer and scientists" World Scientific..
Goda Y. 2000: 'Random Seas and Design of Maritime Structures', The University of Tokyo Press.
Svendsen Ib, 2006: Introduction To Nearshore Hydrodynamics. Advanced Series on Ocean Engineering, Vol 24.
Burcharth HF., Hawkins SJ, Zanuttigh B, Lamberti A. Eds, 2008: Environmental Design Guidelines for Low Crested Coastal Structures, Elsevier.
Zanuttigh B and Nicholls R. Eds, 2015: Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate, Elsevier (available online to unipd students)
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Andrea Atzeni, Dispense di Idraulica Marittima. Roma: Aracne editrice S.r.l., 2011. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Andrea Atzeni, Regime e protezione dei litorali. Roma: Aracne editrice S.r.l., 2011. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Burcharth, Hans, Environmental design guidelines for low crested coastal structuresHans F. Burcharth ... [et al.]. Amsterdam [etc.]: Elsevier, 2007. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Lecturing
  • Laboratory
  • Problem based learning
  • Case study
  • Interactive lecturing
  • Working in group
  • Questioning
  • Peer feedback
  • Peer assessment
  • Active quizzes for Concept Verification Tests and class discussions
  • Video shooting made by the teacher/the students
  • Use of online videos
  • Loading of files and pages (web pages, Moodle, ...)

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)
  • Kaltura (desktop video shooting, file loading on MyMedia Unipd)
  • Matlab

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Affordable and Clean Energy Decent Work and Economic Growth Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure Climate Action