First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Course unit
AGN1030937, A.A. 2018/19

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
AV2091, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2018/19
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Degree course track FOREST AND NATURE FOR THE FUTURE [002LE]
Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction English
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge MAURO MASIERO AGR/01

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses AGR/01 Rural economy and evaluation 6.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method distance e-learning

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 3.0 24 51.0 No turn
Lecture 3.0 24 51.0 No turn

Start of activities 01/10/2018
End of activities 18/01/2019
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
5 Commissione a.a. 2019/20 01/12/2019 30/11/2020 MASIERO MAURO (Presidente)
SECCO LAURA (Membro Effettivo)
GATTO PAOLA (Supplente)
4 Commissione a.a. 2018/19 01/12/2018 30/11/2019 MASIERO MAURO (Presidente)
SECCO LAURA (Membro Effettivo)
GATTO PAOLA (Supplente)
3 Commissione a.a. 2017/18 01/12/2017 30/11/2018 SECCO LAURA (Presidente)
GATTO PAOLA (Supplente)

Prerequisites: No prerequisites are requested (a basic forest background -both about forest management and forest policy at international level- is strongly advisable)
Target skills and knowledge: The students will: understand climate change risks; familiarize with basic concepts of mitigation and adaptation; familiarize with role of forests in addressing climate change issues; understand the Post Kyoto Protocol; understand REDD+ mechanisms and governance; get and overview of voluntary and regional initiatives for the reduction and compensation of greenhouse gas (GHGs) emissions; understand trends, critical aspects and limits of the innovative and experimental voluntary carbon markets; comprehend the importance of shared and credible standards; be able to identify different types of standards; understand best practices and limitation in forest carbon projects; understand the role of private investors and investments and the growing role of forest plantations.
Examination methods: The examination is based on two components:
1. Completion of compulsory e-Modules (see evaluation criteria for details), on the basis of an active and positive participation to discussion fora on-line, by respecting deadlines, and on the basis of quality of posts;
2. Satisfactory and timely completion of the final examination, based on a written report that students have to prepare and post on Moodle according to pre-defined timetables. Details are provided online in each single e-module and e-lesson.
Assessment criteria: The course consists of 5 compulsory e-Modules, and each Module (apart from the final examination) consists of a number of e-lessons ranging from 2 to 5.
In order to pass the course, the student must complete at least 80% of the e-Modules (i.e. 4 out of 5 e-Modules).
An e-Module is completed when at least 75% of the e-lessons are completed (e.g. at least 4 out of 5, or at least 3 out of 4 due e-lessons are completed).
An e-lesson is completed when ALL the following conditions are met:
a) the student posts at least one message which is addressing the task within the defined deadlines;
b) the student adds new contents/perspectives to the discussion;
c) the student’s posts contribute and stimulate a dynamic discussion (hence the students are expected to address contributions of fellows concerning the posts).
The student has also to gain a positive evaluation on the overall quality of posts, regularity of e-lessons attendance, quality of contents and compliance with deadlines of home assignments.
Moreover, the student has to get a positive evaluation on the final written report. Apart from the meeting of assigned deadline(s) and other possible requirements, student's ability to correctly express concepts, be coherent with the assigned contents, issues and objectives, be original in ideas, be accurate in references reporting and citations, be able to critically analyse key-issues and be synthetic in writing are evaluated.
The completion of e-Modules and quality of posts/attendance/respect of deadlines counts for 50% of final score; the final examination (a written report) counts for the other 50% of final score. Scores are assigned according to the international scale A-E, where A is excellent and E is not passed.
Course unit contents: Deforestation is a major contributor to human-induced GHGs. The course introduces participants to the role of forests in regulating the climate, the impacts of deforestation and forest degradation on global atmospheric carbon, the rapidly changing framework of policy and tools for managing forest carbon, and implications for conservation and forest-dependent people.
The course will look in detail at the negotiations within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on emission reductions from forests (REDD+) and the various Fast Start mechanisms already operating, such as for example the UN-REDD program. The different options for finance to include carbon markets and multilateral investment will be examined. There will also be a discussion of emerging environmental and social safeguards for REDD+ as well as links to agricultural roundtables and forest law-enforcement, governance and trade (FLEGT) initiatives. The course will use case studies to illustrate key topics and create a space for discussion on directions for the future.

The course is divided into the following 5 compulsory e-Modules:
e-Module 1: “Starting up! Are you climate friendly?”, which includes 4 e-lessons (1. Log in and answer to the welcome letter; 2. Have you ever seen deforestation of forest degradation?; 3. Calculate your carbon footprint! 4. IPCC forecasts);
e-Module 2: “Problems and solutions of climate change”, which includes 3 e-lessons (1. REDD+; 2. Domestic initiatives, voluntary carbon market and supply chain; 3. Financial investments);
e-Module 3: “From carbon to ecosystem services”, with 5 e-lessons (1. Key concepts; 2. Adding values: ecosystem services; 3. Case study: water; 4. Project cycle; 5. Exercise 1: compare forest carbon standards);
e-Module 4: "Carbon accounting", with 2 e-lessons (1. Exercise 1: estimate carbon credits; 3. Exercise 2: audit carbon estimations);
e-Module 5: “Final examination” (based on an individual assignment).
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Each e-Module runs for a varying period, from a minimum of 1 week up to a maximum of 3 weeks, depending on the number and complexity of e-lessons. Each e-Module is divided into various e-lessons, where specific issues are described and discussed. Objectives, tasks, useful documents and sources of information, working activities (to be performed in groups or individually) and deadlines are defined for each single e-Module. Students are required to start by firstly reading the e-lesson's introduction, contents and structure and secondly posting comments. E-moderators (course teacher and some experts eventually invited to participate) are continuously participating by commenting students' posts, stimulating the on-line discussion forum launched for each e-lesson and providing clarifications if necessary. At the end of each e-Module, a technical sum-up is made available; students are expected to read through it before moving to the next e-Module.
Additional notes about suggested reading: The UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol are basic documents to be read through.
Project Design Documents on selected case-studies; web-sites, YouTube videos; and scientific readings suggested for each single e-lesson. Video and Power Point presentations prepared by the teacher are also uploaded on Moodle.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Problem based learning
  • Case study
  • Working in group
  • Questioning
  • Problem solving
  • Peer feedback
  • Use of online videos
  • Loading of files and pages (web pages, Moodle, ...)

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
No Poverty Good Health and Well-Being Clean Water and Sanitation Affordable and Clean Energy Responsible Consumption and Production Climate Action