First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Course unit
AVP5073918, A.A. 2018/19

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
AG0063, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2018/19
bring this page
with you
Degree course track PRODUZIONI VEGETALI [002LE]
Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination CROP PHYSIOLOGY
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and the Environment
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction English
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge TEOFILO VAMERALI AGR/02

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses AGR/02 Agronomy and Herbaceous Cultivation 6.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 1.0 8 17.0 No turn
Laboratory 1.0 8 17.0 No turn
Lecture 4.0 32 68.0 No turn

Start of activities 01/10/2018
End of activities 18/01/2019

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
2 Commissione a.a. 2018/19 01/12/2018 30/11/2019 VAMERALI TEOFILO (Presidente)
MACOLINO STEFANO (Membro Effettivo)
1 Commissione a.a. 2017/18 01/12/2017 30/11/2018 VAMERALI TEOFILO (Presidente)
MACOLINO STEFANO (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: Basic knowledge of Biology and plant anatomy, Biochemistry and Agronomy.
Target skills and knowledge: The course provides fundamental knowledge on shoot and root morphology and functioning of the main field crops in order to improve productivity and sustainability of their cultivation. Emphasis is given to limits of crop yield and mechanisms of plant adaptation to reduced agricultural inputs.
Examination methods: Final written exam regarding concepts and their application.
Assessment criteria: There will be considered the level of knowledge and the ability to relate different topics.
Course unit contents: Credit 1: Introduction to crop physiology, development and phenology, crop senescence, yield components; crop growth and yield simulation models. 

Credit 2: The influence of environment and agricultural management on crop development and phenology (germination, emergence, growth/development, flowering and grain filling stages, maturity). Interception of solar radiation by the canopy. CO2 leaf exchanges (C3 and C4 plants) and relationship with the environment (including climate changes). Dry matter partitioning to harvested organs. The life history of a leaf (leaf formation and expansion, senescence), stem branching and termination. 

Credit 3: Indices of growth analysis (plant area index, leaf area index, leaf area duration, crop growth rate, net assimilation rate) in winter and summer cereals. 

Credit 4: Growth analysis applied to various species (soybean, rapeseed, sunflower, maize, sugar beet, etc.). 

Credit 5: Limits to crop yield; limitation by water and nitrogen supply. Root architecture and dynamics over cycle of various species; observation and measurements of fibrous roots. Biological nitrogen fixation and methods of determination. 

Credit 6: Plant and crop responses to abiotic stress: deficit/excess of water and nutrients, soil compaction, temperature. Interaction with pollutants (metals/organics) and principles of phytoremediation / biofortification.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: There will be 48 hours of lectures, 15 of which regarding practical activities in laboratory/open field/experimental farm.
Additional notes about suggested reading: The lecture material will come from the class textbook and from the teaching slides.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Donald L. Smith, Chantal Hamel, Crop yield - physiology and processes. Berlin: Springer, 1999. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Fageria, V.C. Baligar, R.B. Clark., Physiology of crop productionN.K.. New York: Food Products Press, 2006.