First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Medicine
Course unit
MEM0020923, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course 6 years single cycle degree in
ME1730, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 12.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination PHYSIOLOGY
Department of reference Department of Neurosciences
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit CANNOT be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit is available ONLY for students enrolled in SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY (Ord. 2017)

Teacher in charge CARLA MUCIGNAT BIO/09

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses BIO/09 Physiology 12.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 12.0 120 180.0 No turn

Start of activities 30/09/2019
End of activities 18/01/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
7 FISIOLOGIA 01/10/2019 30/09/2020 MUCIGNAT CARLA (Presidente)
GALLO CLAUDIO (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: Basic knowledge of Physics, Biophysics, Biochemistry and Anatomy.
Target skills and knowledge: Students should be able to:
- Know and understand (Ist Dublin Descriptor) basic mechanisms of the human body functioning in physiological conditions, and of the homeostatic mechanisms that regulate and adapt the body activity to challenges;
- apply knowledge (II DD) to human body functioning in different conditions
- evaluate (III DD) the effects of physiological changes
- communicate (IV DD) knowledge
- learn new principles (V DD).
Examination methods: The oral assessment allows to evaluate knowledge acquired during the course. The assessment will be possible after registering on Uniweb, on the official dates published by the Dentistry course.
Assessment criteria: Students should show to have learnt (I DD) the basic principles of body functioning, with a particular focus on oral functions, to apply them to simple examples (II DD), that will be analyzed (III DD) and correctly discussed (IV DD) to show the Students’ learning skills (V DD).
Course unit contents: The course is divided in 3 main parts. Cell and organ physiology, Physiology of integrative systems (nervous and endocrine), Special physiology of the mouth.

PART 1: Membrane potential. Action potential and its conduction.
Skeletal muscle function. Contraction. Stress/length and velocity/load curves. Smooth muscle function.
Heart: action potential. Electrocardiogram. Cardiac mechanics. Regulaiton of cardiac contraction. Blood pressure. Blood function. Coagulation.
Respiratory mechanics. Compliance. Capillary exchanges. Control of respiration.
Kidney: filtration, reabsorption, secretion. Clearance. Urine concentration/dilution.
Regulationof pH and water/electrolyte balance.
Gastrointestinal system: motility, secretion, digestion, adsorption.

PART 2. Neurotransmitters and circuits. Motor control: spinal, troncoencephalic, corticla. Functions of basal ganglia and cerebellum. Somatosensory system. Pain. Visual, auditory, olfactory and taste system. Autonomous nervous system. Hypothalamic regulations. Hormonal regulations: hypophysis, thyroid, adrenal, gonads, pancreas, parathyroids, Calcium and phosphate metabolism. Pregnancy and somatic development.

PART 3. Motor and sensory peculiarities of the mouth. Biomechanics of temporomandibular joint. Saliva. Oral functions throughout life: suction, mastication, articulation, deglutition and their nervous control. Protective reflexes.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Traditional lectures, with presentations and videos.
Practical exercises in the classroom and at the Hospital. The active participation of Students will be required.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Shorthands from the lectures may integrate the textbooks. The text not covered by copyright will be available through Moodle.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Monticelli, “Fisiologia”. --: CEA, --. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Manzoni-Scarnati, Fisiologia orale e dell'apparato stomatognatico. --: edi-ermes, --. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Ganong, “Fisiologia Medica”. --: Piccin, --. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Widmaier et al., Vander Fisiologia. --: CEA, 2018.