First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Medicine
MEDICINE AND SURGERY
Course unit
IMMUNOLOGY
ME14103788, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course 6 years single cycle degree in
MEDICINE AND SURGERY (Ord. 2015)
ME1728, Degree course structure A.Y. 2015/16, A.Y. 2019/20
N0
bring this page
with you
Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination IMMUNOLOGY
Department of reference Department of Medicine
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Branch PADOVA
Single Course unit The Course unit CANNOT be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit is available ONLY for students enrolled in MEDICINE AND SURGERY (Ord. 2015)

Lecturers
Teacher in charge SUSANNA MANDRUZZATO MED/04

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines MED/04 General Pathology 6.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
hours
Hours of
Individual study
Shifts
Group didactic activities 0.0 24 0.0 No turn
Lecture 6.0 48 102.0 No turn

Calendar
Start of activities 02/03/2020
End of activities 12/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2015 course timetable

Syllabus
Prerequisites: A background in genetics, cellular biology, molecular biology, anatomy, and histology is required
Target skills and knowledge: This Course aims at transmitting to MD students all the fundamental notions on the mechanisms that regulate immune system functioning, with special attention to its ability to guarantee the organism’s homestasis against microbial microenvironment. In view of the continuous expansion of our knowledge about the molecular mechanisms underlying immune responses, particular attention will be paid to the signaling pathways potentially targetable by appropriate immune interventions. In this regard, the Course will provide detailed information on the principles and modalities of vaccination and immunotherapy approaches in infectious diseases and cancer, respectively. Moreover, this Course will provide MD students with the basic notions about the alterations/dysfunctions that the immunological mechanisms could undergo to, in order to empower them with the necessary instruments to better understand during their future learning itinerary all the immunopathologic conditions that they will frequently encounter in their clinical practice.
Examination methods: About 90 multiple choice tests will be administered, with 1/2/3 correct answers out of 5. The questions will cover all the program of the Course, and a special algorithm validated in over 30 years of teaching will be utilized to evaluate the student’s learning. No penalties are foreseen for mistakes; the payload will be fixed to 62% of the total score, and the top of the scale will be fixed to 92%. Under special circumstances, an interview may integrate the multiple choice test.
Assessment criteria: The questionnaire will be administered at the end of the Course, exhaustively covering all the items forming the teaching core. The questions will be prepared to specifically verify the ability of the Students to connect the different compartments, components and elements of the immune response.
Course unit contents: IMMUNOLOGY:

•THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
GENERAL FEATURES
CELLS AND ORGANS
LYMPHOCYTE RECIRCULATION

•INNATE IMMUNITY: CELLS, RECEPTORS, MEDIATORS
CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL BARRIERS
PAMP & DAMP: PROFILE RECOGNITION RECEPTORS
HUMORAL COMPONENTS: ACUTE PHASE PROTEINS
NATURAL KILLER CELLS
THE ALTERNATIVE PATHWAY OF COMPLEMENT

•THE MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX (MHC)
GENE ARRANGEMENT
STRUCTURE AND BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF MHC MOLECULES
ANTIGEN PROCESSING AND PRESENTATION (CLASS I AND CLASS II)
MHC RESTRICTION

•ONTOGENESIS OF T AND B CELLS

•ACQUIRED IMMUNITY RECEPTORS: THE T CELL ANTIGEN RECEPTOR (TCR)
STRUCTURE
GENERATION OF TCR DIVERSITY
ANTIGEN RECOGNITION AND LYMPHOCYTE ACTVATION
ANTIGEN PROCESSING AND PRESENTATION TO T LYMPHOCYTES
ACTIVATION SIGNALLING PATHWAYS AND THEIR BALANCED REGULATION
EFFECTORS FUNTIONS OF DIFFERENT T HELPER POPULATIONS (TH1, TH2, TH17)
CYTOTOXIC T CELLS (CTL): ACTIVATION AND KILLING MECHANISMS
IMMUNE CHECKPOINTS

•ACQUIRED IMMUNITY RECEPTORS: THE B CELL ANTIGEN RECEPTOR (BCR) AND THE ANTIBODIES (Ig)
STRUCTURE
GENERATION OF BCR DIVERSITY
STRUCTURE OF ANTIBODIES
B CELL ACTIVATION
T-B COOPERATION
THE GERMINAL CENTER REACTION: ISOTYPE SWITCHING & MATURATION OF AFFINITY
EFFECTOR FUNCTIONS OF ANTIBODIES

•THE COMPLEMENT SYSTEM: THE CLASSICAL PATHWAY
ORGANIZATION AND ACTIVATION
REGULATORY PROTEINS
BIOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES

•EFFECTOR PHASES OF IMMUNE RESPONSES
CYTOKINES AND CHEMOKINES
COOPERATION BETWEEN T AND B LYMPHOCYTES
TH1/TH2/TH17 POLARIZATION OF T CELLS
HUMORAL RESPONSES
CELL-MEDIATED RESPONSES

IMMUNOPATHOLOGY:
•HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS:
GENERAL FEATURES AND CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO GELL AND COOMBS
TYPE I: THE ALLERGY
TYPE II AND IMMUNOHEMATOLOGY NOTIONS
TYPE III: IMMUNE COMPLEX DISEASES
TYPE IV: HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS
•TOLERANCE AND AUTOIMMUNITY
•TUMOR IMMUNOLOGY
•TRANSPLANTATION IMMUNOLOGY
•PRINCIPLES OF VACCINATION AND IMMUNOTHERAPY
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The Course is articulated into two phases:
1) A first cycle of lessons where the fundamental components of the immune system will be described; this analytical description of the elements constituting the immune system will be followed by the effort to provide an integrated view of their functioning within the economy of the immune response. In this setting, particular attention will be given to stress the plasticity of the immune system and its subtle regulatory potential
2) A second cycle of lessons will provide the cultural bases to tackle the study of immune-mediated pathological situations. In this setting, special attention will be placed on the mechanisms underlying the different hypersensitivity reactions according to Coombs and Gell’s classification, as well to the pathogenetic mechanism leading to allergy, autoimmunity, transplant rejection and evasion of the immune response by tumor cells.
Additional notes about suggested reading: • Janeway, Charles A.; Mowat, Allan; Walport, Mark; Murphy, Kenneth; Travers, Paul, Immunobiologia. Padova: Piccin, 2014.
• Janeway’s IMMUNOBIOLOGY, 9th edition, 2017
• Abbas, Abul K.; Lichtman, Andrew H.; Sozzani, Silvano; Baker, Alexandra; Baker, David L., Immunologia cellulare e molecolare. Milano: Elsevier, 2015.
• Abbas, A; Litchman, A; Pillai, S. Cellular and molecular immunology, 9th edition, 2017. Elsevier.
• Parham, Peter, Il sistema immunitario. Napoli: Edises, 2017. Seconda Edizione
• Delves, PJ, Martin SJ, Burton DR, Roitt IM, Roitt's essential Immunology. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell, 2017.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Janeway, Charles; Weaver, Casey T.; Mowat, Allan; Murphy, Kenneth, Janeway's Immunobiology. 9. ed. / Kenneth Murphy: Casey Weaver, with contributions by Allan Mowat ... [et al.], with acknowledgment to Charles A. Janeway Jr. ... [et al.]. - New York, London, Garland Science, --. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Abbas, Abul K.; Pillai, Shiv, Cellular and molecular immunologyAbul K. Abbas, Andrew H. Lichtman, Shiv Pillai. Philadelphia [etc.]: Elsevier, --. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Parham Peter, The immune systemPeter Parham. New York: Taylor & Francis, 2015. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Roitt, Ivan M.; Delves, Peter J., Roitts essential immunologyPeter J. Delves ... [et al.]. Chichester: Wiley - Blackwell, 2017. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Case study
  • Loading of files and pages (web pages, Moodle, ...)

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Good Health and Well-Being Quality Education Responsible Consumption and Production