First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Engineering
Course unit
INM0016660, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course 5 years single cycle degree in
IN0533, Degree course structure A.Y. 2010/11, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING 2 AND LABORATORY
Department of reference Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit CANNOT be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit is available ONLY for students enrolled in BUILDING ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE

Teacher in charge COSIMO MONTELEONE ICAR/17
Other lecturers GABRIELLA LIVA

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses ICAR/17 Design 6.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Laboratory 3.0 60 15.0 No turn
Lecture 3.0 32 43.0 No turn

Start of activities 30/09/2019
End of activities 18/01/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2010 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
9 2018 01/10/2018 30/11/2019 MONTELEONE COSIMO (Presidente)
GIORDANO ANDREA (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: Basic 3D modeling
Target skills and knowledge: the principal aim of the course is acquiring theoretical and practical skills fro the comprehension and the representation of the architectural and engineering project. It provides also basic knowledge of digital survey and renderings.
The topics covered during the course aim in particular:
1) to enhance the students' learning capacity referring to space management.
2) to increase the communication skills of the project through an appropriate representation of the project using new technologies
3) developing independent judgment in the management of three-dimensional space and in the communication of the project.
Examination methods: Implementation of the exercises required during the course
Assessment criteria: A score will be associated to each exercise requested during the course for a maximum mark of 30/30 cum laude
Course unit contents: After summarizing the main 3D modeling commands, the course is structured in a series of lessons that deal with the following topics:

- perspective;
- creation and modification of digital images;
- Animations;
- creation and modification of complex surfaces;
- digital survey.

The theoretical lessons are dedicated to learning the rules of perspective so that the students are able to represent the project according to this method. The same geometric rules allow to obtain plans and elevations of buildings from pictures or perspectives.
For this section there are 3 exercises:
1) assigned plan and elevation the student has to outline an interior perspective.
2) assigned a painting the student has to obtain plan and elevations of the represented buildings.
3) Design of a poster related to a building that contains: plans, elevations, sections, territorial settlement, a photograph taken by the students, a photomontage of the same photograph with a modification created by them.

Creation of digital images:
This section focuses on creating images related to the project and its modification:
a series of lessons are dedicated to:
- Photoshop to enhance or edit images.
- 3D Studio Max to obtain images from a digital model (basic renderings and photorealistic renderings).
For this section there are four exercises:
1) basic rendering of an interior during the day
2) basic rendering of an interior at night
3) photorealistic rendering of an interior by day
4) photorealistic rendering of an interior at night.

In addition to creating static images, the course provides skills to animate objects (movements in virtual space and morphological deformations). 3D Studio Max helps to obtain single frames and Premiere is useful to edit the movie.
For testing these skills the students have to manage an exercise:
1) animation of a pillar from the drawing of the section by lines to its 3D realization.

creation and modification of complex surfaces:
Very often students limit their design to "Euclidean shapes" because they are not able to imagine and represent complex surfaces. This section of the course aims to fill this gap through Rhinoceros that allows the students to easily create and modify complex surfaces. Also in this case there is a testing exercise:
1) creation in a virtual environment of a complex solid and realization of a physical model (with common materials) using parallel sections.

digital survey:
this section provides practical and theoretical lessons on the use of survey technologies (laser scanner and photogrammetry). A particular focus is dedicated to the creation of virtual models (point clouds and meshes) obtained through photogrammetry. Exercise:
1) digital survey of a selected building, graphic realization of a poster containing graphic elaborations obtained from the survey (plan, elevations, section).
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: OBJECTIVES

The course deals with the representation of architecture, using the main methods of representation, useful for any kind of subjects: orthogonal projections and axonometric views, perspective.
The course provides also advanced digital skills for 2D and 3D representation as well as for managing digital programs to survey single objects, buildings as well as landscape.


The students will learn how to produce drawings about building project and communicate it to other operators. At the end of the course the students will be able to face:

1) the rules and the laws for the representation of architectural drawings linked to building constructions.

3) the appropriate representation of the project using new technologies (2D/3D digital programs/digital survey/cloud points/ mesh/digital texture).
Additional notes about suggested reading: A3 and A2 paper for printing the exercises

graphics programs:
Autocad, 3D Studio Max, Rhinoceros, Photoshop, Premier, Agisoft
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Paul Laseau, Architectural Representation Handbook: Traditional and Digital Techniques for Graphic Communication. --: McGraw-Hill, 2000.
  • E. Castano Perea and E. Echeverria Valiente, Architectural Graughtsmanship: from Analog to Digital Narratives. --: Springer, 2014. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Marco Frascari, Jonathan Hale and Bradley Starkey, From Models to Drawings. --: Routledge, 2007.