First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Course unit
AVP7080342, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2018/19

Information on the course unit
Degree course 5 years single cycle degree in
MV0991, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 4.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination VETERINARY VIROLOGY AND BACTERIOLOGY (MOD. A)
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Animal Medicine, Production and Health
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian

Teacher in charge MARIA LUISA MENANDRO VET/05

Integrated course for this unit
Course unit code Course unit name Teacher in charge

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses VET/05 Infectious Diseases of Domestic Animals 4.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 1.0 10 15.0 2
Lecture 3.0 30 45.0 No turn

Start of activities 30/09/2019
End of activities 18/01/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Examination board
Examination board not defined


Common characteristics of the Integrated Course unit

Prerequisites: The student should know the structure and biology of the eukaryotic cell and the the anatomy of the organs involved in the immune response.

Required foundation courses: Veterinary Anatomy I, Veterinary Anatomy II, Biochemistry.
Target skills and knowledge: The course goals are to familiarize the students with basic knowledge about microbial diversity and classification, microbial biology, genetic, structure and control (bacteria and viruses) and to train them on the laboratory methods used to isolate, identify and control animal bacterial pathogens.
The course will introduce the students to the defensive mechanisms, the regulation of immune host response against pathogens, the host-microbe interaction, and the treatment and control of animal pathogens.
The course will give to the students the opportunity to know and apply serological diagnostic methods and to learn the good laboratory practice, including lab biosecurity and reliability of results and their interpretation.
Examination methods: Written test in the first session of exams; in the next session the exam will be oral. Changes in the mode of examination will be comunicated to the students.
Assessment criteria: The student will be evaluated on relation to the knowledge acquired.

Specific characteristics of the Module

Course unit contents: Bacteriology
Introduction to microbiology: differences between Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic cells.
Use of the microscope; simple stains; bacterial smears and differential stains: Gram Stain; Spore stain; Acid-fast stain.
Morphology and bacterial arrangement.
Bacterial structure.
Endospore structure.
Host-Microbe interactions. Virulence factors and pathogenesis, examples of bacterial diseases in domestic animals.
Microbial genetic: methods of gene transfer (conjugation, transformation, transduction and transfer of genetic information by bacteriophages).
Introduction to classification of bacteria.
Bacterial control: sterilization and disinfection; disinfectants and antiseptics.
Antimicrobials: mode of action of main drugs and drug-resistence.
Introduction to virology: viral structure; viral replication, viral classification.
Virus-Cell interactions.
Cultivation of virus.

Lab sessions:
Laboratory cultivation of bacteria: nutritional and physical requirements.
Microbiology media preparation.
Aseptic transfers.
Bacterial colony morphology.
Bacterial smears and Gram stain.
Bacterial identification by biochemical tests and Api system.
Antibiotic sensitivity test: Kirby-Bauer method.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course includes:
frontal lectures =30 hours;
laboratory activity = 10 hours.
The lab activity carried out during the course is related to the hands-on activity that the student will performe during the training of infectious diseases.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Students have access to the Moodle platform of the University of Padua (, where they may find PowerPoint presentations of lectures, links to specific websites, and scientific documents provided by the teacher. Students are also encouraged to improve their knowledge on textbooks available in the library of Agripolis.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Park Talaro K., Chess B., “Foundations in Microbiology - Basic Principles ”. --: McGraw-Hil, --. 8th Ed. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Poli G., Dall'Ara P., Martino P.A., Rosati S., “Microbiologia e immunologia veterinaria”. Milano: EDRA, 2017. Terza edizione Cerca nel catalogo
  • Murphy F.A., Gibbs E.P.J., Horzinek M.C., Studdert M.J., “Veterinary virology”. --: Academic Press, 1999. 3rd edition Cerca nel catalogo
  • D. Scott McVey, Melissa Kennedy, M. M. Chengappa, Veterinary microbiology. --: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. e-book Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Lecturing
  • Laboratory
  • Questioning
  • Use of online videos
  • Loading of files and pages (web pages, Moodle, ...)

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Good Health and Well-Being