First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
MATERIALS SCIENCE
Course unit
INORGANIC AND SOLID STATE CHEMISTY
SCP4064629, A.A. 2018/19

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2017/18

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
MATERIALS SCIENCE
SC1163, Degree course structure A.Y. 2008/09, A.Y. 2018/19
N0
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 10.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination INORGANIC AND SOLID STATE CHEMISTY
Website of the academic structure http://www.chimica.unipd.it/corsi/corsi-di-laurea/laurea-scienza-dei-materiali
Department of reference Department of Chemical Sciences
E-Learning website https://elearning.unipd.it/chimica/course/view.php?idnumber=2018-SC1163-000ZZ-2017-SCP4064629-N0
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Branch PADOVA
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Lecturers
Teacher in charge GIAN-ANDREA RIZZI CHIM/03
Other lecturers STEFANO AGNOLI CHIM/03

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Other -- -- 1.0
Core courses CHIM/03 General and Inorganic Chemistry 9.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
hours
Hours of
Individual study
Shifts
Practice 1.0 10 15.0 No turn
Lecture 9.0 72 153.0 No turn

Calendar
Start of activities 25/02/2019
End of activities 14/06/2019
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2008 course timetable

Examination board
Examination board not defined

Syllabus
Prerequisites: Course of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Structure of solids, Physical chemistry I.
Target skills and knowledge: Acquisition of fundamental knowledge of inorganic chemistry and crystal chemistry that allow to correlate the properties of a solid with transferable properties. Introduction to the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics of solid interphases that allow to study the energy of solids and their transformations .
Examination methods: Written and/or oral exam. Answers to multiple choice and open questions.
Assessment criteria: Knowledge of the topics and concepts covered in class and solution of simple questions and calculations.
Course unit contents: Part A (Inorganic Chemistry)
- Recalls of the electronic structure of an atom, the periodic table and periodic properties-atomic and ionic radii, first ionization potential, electron affinity, electronegativity, acid-base properties of oxides
- Brief survey of the chemistry of main groups elements.
- Coordination Compounds: definition, nomenclature, types of ligands, coordination numbers and related examples, synthesis routes. Examples and structures. Isomerism (geometrical, structural, ..). Crystal Field Theory (octahedral field, tetrahedral, square planar). Compounds with high and low spin. Spectrochemical series, Jahn-Teller effect. Introduction to the theory of the ligand field.
-Metal carbonyls: M-CO bond nature, mode of coordination, general characteristics and physico-chemical properties. Structural types. Synthesis methods.
- Hard-Soft acid base theory.
-Exercises (4h)

Part B (Solid state chemistry):
- Introduction to materials science
- Description of the solids
The structure of the crystals: Pattern of traverse, the elementary cell, symmetry elements. The Bravais lattices. The spatial and point groups. Plans and directions in crystals. Reciprocal lattice. Elements of diffraction. Study of crystalline powders. Amorphous solids.
- Descriptive Crystal Chemistry
Relations between the electronic structure of the elements, characteristics of bonds and crystal structure. Structures corresponding to compact aggregates of spheres. Classification of solids based on the type of chemical bond. Ionic crystals: lattice energy, ionic radii ratio. Born-Haber cycle. Polarizability of the ions and Fajans rules. Qualitative relationships between mechanical properties and structure. Metals and alloys. Free electrons in metals. Bonding in solids. Conductors, semiconductors and insulators. Doping. Applications: diodes and p-n junctions, solar cells, LEDs.
- Description of real solids
Point defects, Schottky and Frenkel, color centers. Linear and planar defects. Dislocations. Stacking-faults. Non-stoichiometric solids. Ionic conduction. Fuel cells. Thin films and surfaces. Structure of ideal surfaces, reconstructions and relaxations. Deficiencies, and surface chemisorption sites.
- Transformations and reactivity in solids
Elements of thermodynamics of interfaces. Surface energy. Colloids. Flat and spherical interfaces. Gibbs Thomson equation. Wettability. Classification of the transformations in the solid state. Mass transport processes in the solid state. Definition of thermodynamic force. Diffusion equation. Intracrystalline diffusion and diffusion on surfaces. Phase transitions. Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation. Growth kinetics. TTT diagrams. Sintering. Preparation of amorphous solids.
-Reazioni Solid state.
Topochimico control. Classification of reactions depending on the interface. Decomposition reactions. Avrami-Erofeev equation. Reactions at the solid-solid interface: Wagner mechanism. Redox reactions.
- Methods of preparation of crystals from the melt. Methods for preparation of polycrystalline materials and powders. Ceramic method, from the vapor phase, from the liquid phase. Sol-gel method. Precipitation. Preparation of thin films: physical and chemical methods. Intercalation compounds and lamellar graphite, chalcogenides, lamellar silicates.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Lessons in the classroom and guided solutions to exercises.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Notes and powerpoint slides
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Geoff Rayner-Canham, Tina Overton, Chimica Inorganica Descrittiva. --: Edises, 2017. ISBN: 978-88-7959-971-9 Cerca nel catalogo
  • D.F. Shriver, P.W. Atkins, Inorganic Chemistry. --: Oxford University Press, 1999. Cerca nel catalogo
  • A. R. West, Solid State Chemistry and its Applications. --: John Wiley & Sons, 1987. Cerca nel catalogo