
Course unit
GENERAL PHYSICS 2 (Iniziali cognome AL)
SCN1037544, A.A. 2018/19
Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2017/18
ECTS: details
Type 
ScientificDisciplinary Sector 
Credits allocated 
Basic courses 
FIS/01 
Experimental Physics 
14.0 
Course unit organization
Period 
First semester 
Year 
2nd Year 
Teaching method 
frontal 
Type of hours 
Credits 
Teaching hours 
Hours of Individual study 
Shifts 
Practice 
5.0 
60 
65.0 
No turn 
Lecture 
9.0 
72 
153.0 
No turn 
Examination board
Board 
From 
To 
Members of the board 
10 Fisica Generale 2 (iniziali cognome MZ) 
01/10/2018 
30/11/2019 
SIMONETTO
FRANCO
(Presidente)
ROSSIN
ROBERTO
(Membro Effettivo)
ZANETTI
MARCO
(Supplente)
ZWIRNER
FABIO
(Supplente)

9 Fisica Generale 2 
01/10/2018 
30/11/2019 
ZWIRNER
FABIO
(Presidente)
ZANETTI
MARCO
(Membro Effettivo)
ROSSIN
ROBERTO
(Supplente)
SIMONETTO
FRANCO
(Supplente)

8 Fisica Generale 2 (iniazili cognome MZ) 
01/10/2017 
30/11/2018 
SIMONETTO
FRANCO
(Presidente)
ZWIRNER
FABIO
(Membro Effettivo)
BAIESI
MARCO
(Supplente)
CARNERA
ALBERTO
(Supplente)
ZANETTI
MARCO
(Supplente)

7 Fisica Generale 2 (iniziali cognome MZ) 
01/10/2017 
30/11/2018 
SIMONETTO
FRANCO
(Presidente)
ZWIRNER
FABIO
(Membro Effettivo)
BAIESI
MARCO
(Supplente)
CARNERA
ALBERTO
(Supplente)
ZANETTI
MARCO
(Supplente)

6 Fisica Generale 2 
01/10/2017 
30/11/2018 
ZWIRNER
FABIO
(Presidente)
SIMONETTO
FRANCO
(Membro Effettivo)
BAIESI
MARCO
(Supplente)
CARNERA
ALBERTO
(Supplente)
ZANETTI
MARCO
(Supplente)

Prerequisites:

General Physics 1, Mathematical Analysis 1, Mathematical Analysis 2, Geometry 
Target skills and knowledge:

This course deals with electromagnetic phenomena, from their experimental observation to their description in terms of general laws. The student will get a knowledge of the experimental tools useful for the study of electric and magnetic phenomena, both static and dynamic, and of the theory which allows their mathematical description, up to Maxwell's equations both in vacuum and in materials. Among the electromagnetic phenomena studied in this course are those related to optics, therefore waves and oscillations will be analyzed thoroughly. 
Examination methods:

Both written and oral, in the same session. A positive evaluation of the written exam is necessary to be admitted to the oral one.
The written exam for admission to the oral exam in the winter session (at the end of the semester), may be substituted by partial written exams (Compitini) during the semester. 
Assessment criteria:

The written exam requires the solution of some simple problems on subjects studied in class.
In the oral exam, the student must show his/her understanding of the phenomenology of electromagnetic events and of the underlying physical laws. 
Course unit contents:

Coulomb law. International System of Units (SI).
Electrostatic Field and Potential.
Gauss' law. Poisson and Laplace equations.
Electric dipole. Dipole approximation for many charges.
Conductors in electrostatic equilibrium. Electrostatic screening.
Capacity; ideal capacitor. Energy of a collection of charges. Energy of the electrostatic field.
Dielectrics. Dielectric constant. Polarization and polarization charges. Displacement field. Introduction to the microscopic interpretation of dielectric phenomena.
Properties of the electric charge. Millikan experience and charge quantization. Electric current: current intensity and current density. Conservation of charge and continuity equation.
Ohm's law. Joule effect. Current and potential generators. Electromotive force, tension.
Kirchoff's laws. Basic facts about superconductivity.
Magnetic field. Lorentz' force. Motion of a charge in a magnetic field. Cyclotron frequency. Hall's effect.
Laplace second law. BiotSavart law. Ampere's circuital law.
Vector potential. Laplace first law. Interaction between currents. Magnetic dipole moment. Electromagnetic induction. FaradayLenz law. Mutual and self inductance.
Alternatingcurrent circuits. Stationary solutions of circuits with an alternatingcurrent generator.
Ohm's law for circuits with alternating currents.
AmpereMaxwell law and complete form of Maxwell equations. The electromagnetic field.
Energy of a system of currents. Magnetic propertis of materials. Magnetization vector. Magnetization currents. The H vector. Ferromagnetism. Microscopic interpretation of the magnetic properties of materials.
Oscillatory motion. Systems with two or more degrees of freedom.
Some oscillating systems. The wave equation. Harmonic waves. Dispersion relation. Fourier analysis. Traveling waves. Dispersion. Reflection of waves.
Electromagnetic waves as predicted by Maxwell equations: Herz discovery of e.mag. waves. Density and energy flux associated to e.mag. waves. Waves travelling through different media. Solution of Maxwell equations in a omogeneous medium and in two omogeneous bodies divided by a plain surface.
Intensity of the e.mag. waves. Radiation field. Spectrum of the e.mag. waves. Wave propagation, phase and group velocity. Snell's laws for light reflection and transmission on the boundary between to different omogeneous bodies. Light absorbtion and complex refraction index.
Interference and diffraction. HuygensFresnel principle. Young experiment. Coherence in time and in space. Interference with thin layers, equal inclination or equal thickness fringes.
Interference from multiple sources.
Diffraction, from a linear and a circular hole. Lens resolvance.
Lens resolving power. Diffraction from randomly arranged pointlike targets.
The diffraction grating and its resolvance.
Polarization of light and way to produce it. Analyzers, Malus law. E.mag. waves in non omogeneous dielectricts. 
Planned learning activities and teaching methods:

Blackboard lectures in front of the class, with many experimental demonstrations. The general treatment is supplemented by illustrative problems and applications. 
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings) 

P. Mazzoldi, M. Nigro, C. Voci, Fisica, vol. 2 Seconda Edizione. Napoli: EdiSES, .

A. Bettini, Elettromagnetismo. Bologna: DecibelZanichelli., .

A. Bettini, Le Onde e la luce. Bologna: DecibelZanichelli, .


