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School of Science
INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY
Course unit
INDUSTRIAL PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
SCP4064572, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2017/18

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY
SC1157, Degree course structure A.Y. 2014/15, A.Y. 2019/20
N0
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 10.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination INDUSTRIAL PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
Department of reference Department of Chemical Sciences
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Branch PADOVA
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Lecturers
Teacher in charge SAVERIO SANTI CHIM/02
Other lecturers DANILO PEDRON CHIM/02

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines CHIM/02 Physical Chemistry 9.0
Other -- -- 1.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 3rd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
hours
Hours of
Individual study
Shifts
Practice 3.0 30 45.0 No turn
Laboratory 2.0 24 26.0 2
Lecture 5.0 40 85.0 No turn

Calendar
Start of activities 02/03/2020
End of activities 12/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2014 course timetable

Examination board
Examination board not defined

Syllabus
Prerequisites: The course requires knowledges of mathematics (Mathematics), thermodynamics (Physical Chemistry 1) and mechanics (General Physics 1).
Target skills and knowledge: The course is aimed at the approach of non-equilibrium thermodynamics, to acquire the necessary knowledge for the study of industrial processes, with reference both to the physical transformations and to the chemical one.

As far as chemical transformations, the course will provide knowledges about the main types of complex reactions in the gas phase and in condensed phase, fundamental theories of chemical kinetics and mechanistic interpretation, structure-reactivity relationships and the effects of the medium. In addition the course will provide the student with the knowledge necessary to perform in the laboratory kinetic measurements and to interpret the information in scientific publications and monographs.

Regarding to the physical transformations, the course will provide the basic knowledge for the description of transport phenomena and the ability to set and fix the balance for the most important physical properties for which the principle of conservation applies.

Part of the course (1 CFU, 10 hours) will be devoted to activities for the insertion into employment, as requested by the Rules of Educational Activities (RAD). The students shall solve an industrial problem proposed by a company, presenting the results in a work project.
Examination methods: The acquisition of the knowledges and skills expected is verified with an oral test on the topics covered in class and on the laboratory experiments:
1. transport phenomena and the ability to set and solve the balance sheet for the most important physical properties for which the conservation principle applies: transport of momentum of ideal fluids, transport of heat and radiation;
2. kinetic theories: effect of temperature and solvent, reaction between ions and effect of ionic strength, electronic transfer reactions in homogeneous phase;
3. discussion of laboratory experiments: hydrolysis kinetics of a tertiary alkyl halide, effect of temperature and solvent, exchange kinetics of N, N-dimethylpropionamamide via dynamic NMR.
4. students will present the work project and a meeting will be organized to present the work done open to teachers, students and companies involved.
Assessment criteria: The verification of the knowledges and skills acquired will be based on the following criteria:
1. understanding of the topics covered in class;
2. ability to derive the kinetic law of the main types of complex reactions and to illustrate the main kinetic theories;
3. ability to set and resolve the balance for the most important physical properties for which the conservation principle applies;
3. ability to perform chemical kinetic experiments in the laboratory;
4. ability to draw up clear and concise reports;
5. ability to solve an industrial problem proposed by a company, presenting the results in a work project .
Course unit contents: Part A (4 ETCS)
Effect of temperature on reaction rate, equations of Van't Hoff and Arrhenius; effect of temperature in complex reactions. Boltzmann distribution Law. Collision theory. Introduction to Statistical Thermodynamics: the partition functions. Theory of absolute rate. Lindemann-Christiansen’s theory. Hammond's postulate. Thermodynamic formulation of the Transition State Theory. Interpretation of thermodynamic parameters of activation: nucleophilic substitution reaction SN1 and SN2. Medium effect. Solvent effect: change in dipole moment, Kirkwood's theory. Ions in solution: theory of Debye-Hückel and the electrostatic theory. Effect of hydrostatic pressure. Basic NMR. Larmor frequency and Zeeman splitting. Pulsed NMR. Chemical shift and multiplicity. Dynamic NMR: determination of equilibrium and dynamics of activation energy of N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF).
The Marcus theory.

Laboratory experiences.
Kinetics of hydrolysis of a tertiary alkyl halide:
-temperature effect;
-solvent effect.
Dynamic NMR: exchange kinetics of N,N-dimethylformamide.

Part B (5 ETCS)
Transport phenomena: transient and steady state. Transport of momentum: motion of real fluids, the momentum diffusivity, pressure drops, equations of motion in different situations; introduction to turbulent motion. Heat transfer: conduction, thermal diffusivity, transport equations under different conditions, transmission between the phases, transport by convection. Transitional Regime. Radiation.
Balance of industrial processes: balance in steady state regime. Classification of processes and general balance equation. Energy Balances; balances in the absence and in the presence of chemical reactions.

PART C (1 CFU)
Work Project. The goal is to strengthen contact between students and the world of work by allowing students to apply the acquired knowledge to real industrial problems. In particular, it will be created an opportunity to compare students and businesses in the Veneto region, allowing students to develop original proposals to address specific issues advanced directly by companies, through a work project.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The lectures and exercises in the classroom are provided through lectures and exercises using slides and complemented by some laboratory experiments in chemical kinetics performed by groups of 2-3 students. They will present written reports of the results obtained in the laboratory.

The students, divided into groups of 5-6, will develop the work project collaborating with the companies. At least one meeting in the company is scheduled. The teachers of the Degree Course will be available to support the work of the students, taking into account the issues to be addressed and assessing the final result with the companies.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Handouts and slides used during the lectures will be provided by the teacher on moodle platform. Some in-depth texts will be suggested.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • R.B. Bird; W.E. Stewart, E.N. Lightfoot, Fenomeni di trasporto. Milano: Ambrosiana, 1970. per consultazione Cerca nel catalogo
  • K. S. Laidler,, Chemical Kinetics. http://www.abebooks.com: Prentice Hall, 1989. Third Edition Cerca nel catalogo
  • K. A. Connors, "", VCH, Chemical Kinetics. New York: VCH, 1990. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Lecturing
  • Laboratory
  • Problem based learning
  • Case study
  • Interactive lecturing
  • Working in group
  • Questioning
  • Problem solving

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

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