First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Engineering
Course unit
IN12103169, A.A. 2018/19

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2017/18

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
IN0515, Degree course structure A.Y. 2014/15, A.Y. 2018/19
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Degree course track Common track
Number of ECTS credits allocated 9.0
Type of assessment Mark
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Industrial Engineering
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge MANUELA CAMPANALE ING-IND/10

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses ING-IND/10 Technical Physics 9.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 9.0 72 153.0 No turn

Start of activities 01/10/2018
End of activities 18/01/2019
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2019 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
20 A.A. 2018/19 (matricole pari) 01/10/2018 30/11/2019 CAMPANALE MANUELA (Presidente)
MORO LORENZO (Membro Effettivo)
19 A.A. 2018/19 (matricole dispari) 01/10/2018 30/11/2019 MORO LORENZO (Presidente)
CAMPANALE MANUELA (Membro Effettivo)
18 A.A. 2017/18 (matricole pari) 01/10/2017 30/11/2018 CAMPANALE MANUELA (Presidente)
MORO LORENZO (Membro Effettivo)
17 A.A. 2017/18 (matricole dispari) 01/10/2017 30/11/2018 MORO LORENZO (Presidente)
CAMPANALE MANUELA (Membro Effettivo)

Examination methods: The exam takes place in writing and the students has a total of 2 hours and 30 minutes to do it.
It is divided into two parts: exercise + theory. The two parts have the same weight on the final vote.
Exercise: the student has to solve a numerical problem (he has 1 hour and 30 minutes).
Theory: the student has to illustrate three different topics, the first one concerning general thermodynamics, the second one concerning thermodynamic cycles and the third one concerning heat transmission (he has 1 hour).
Assessment criteria: The final vote is an average of 2 votes: respectively the votes of the theory and of the exercise. Both have to be sufficient. If the students have shown particular interest and good will, the exam could be passed even if one of the two parts (theory or exercise) is not fully sufficient. The average between the two votes must however necessarily be at least 18.

EXAMPLE: vote of theory 16, vote of the exercise 20: the exam is passed with final vote 18. Vote of theory 16, vote of the exercise 18: the exam is not passes
Course unit contents: Units of measurement systems: fundamental and derivative units, International SI system, Technical system, Anglo-Saxon system. Main conversion factors.


First law of thermodynamics: first law for closed systems and open systems. Examples of work for reversible transformations. Examples of application of the first law.

Second law of thermodynamics: statements by Kelvin and Clausius. Thermal machine. Thermal efficiency. Carnot cycle, Carnot theorem. Equality of Clausius and Clausius inequality. Entropy.

The ideal-gas equation of state. Joule Thompson's experience. Specific heat of the ideal-gas. Ideal-gas transformations: isobaric, isochoric, isothermal, reversible adiabatic processes. Kinetic theory of the ideal gas. Entropy of the ideal gas. Numerical examples.

Non ideal gas: principle of corresponding states, compressibility factor, Van der Waals equation. Numerical examples.

Pure substances: state diagrams. P-v-T surfaces for pure substances. T-v surfaces, p-v surfaces, p-T surfaces. Saturated liquid-vapor mixture, vapor quality. Superheated vapor and compressed liquid. The Mollier h-s diagram. The T-s diagram. The p-h diagram.

Vapor power cycles: Rankine cycle. Reheat cycle. Hirn cycle. Regenerative cycle. Cogeneration with steam systems. Numerical examples.

Gas power cycles: Otto cycle. Diesel cycle. Brayton-Joule cycle. Application of the Brayton-Joule cycle to aircraft engines. Numerical examples.

Reverse steam cycles: refrigeration cycle and heat pump cycle. Double compression refrigeration cycle. Double compression and double lamination refrigerator cycle. Cascade cycles. Numerical examples. Conditioning systems.


Steady heat conduction: Fourier's postulate, the thermal conductivity of substances. General equation of conduction. Integration of the general conduction equation for a slab with or without internal heat source and for composite slabs. Integration of the general conduction equation for a thick-walled tube or composite tube without internal heat source and for a cylinder with internal heat source. Numerical examples.

Unsteady heat conduction: negligible internal resistance materials; periodic heat conduction. Numerical examples.

Convection: forced and natural convection. Laminar and turbulent flow. Boundary layer. Reynolds number, Prandtl number and Nusselt number. Equations for forced convection. Grashof number and Rayleigh number. Equations for natural convection. Numerical examples.

Global heat transmission: global heat exchange coefficient. Heat exchangers: types. Temperature profile. Concentric tubes heat exchanger: sizing. Efficiency. Numerical examples.

Irradiation: spectrum of electromagnetic radiation. Thermal radiation: definitions. Absorption, reflection and transparency coefficients. Gray surfaces. The black body and its laws. Radiation for non-black surfaces, emissivity. Kirchoff's laws. Heat exchange radiant mortgage. The shape factor. Radiation between black surfaces. Radiation between non-black surfaces. Radiation between parallel flat surfaces and coaxial cylindrical surfaces. Numerical examples.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Lessons in the classroom. No laboratory
Additional notes about suggested reading: RECOMMENDED TEXTS
Lecture notes

G.F.C. Rogers, Y.R. Mayhew, “Engineering Thermodynamics Work and Heat Transfer”, 4th Ed., Longman, London, 1993.
F.P. Incropera, D.P. De Witt, “Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer”, 5th Ed., Wiley, New York, 2002.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • A. Cavallini, L. Mattarolo, Termodinamica Applicata. Padova: CLEUP, --. Cerca nel catalogo
  • C. Bonacina, A. Cavallini, L. Mattarolo, Trasmissione del Calore. Padova: CLEUP, --. Cerca nel catalogo
  • M. Campanale, Problemi risolti di Fisica Tecnica. Padova: Edizioni Libreria Progetto, 2015. Cerca nel catalogo
  • P. Brunello, Lezioni di Fisica Tecnica. Napoli: EdiSES S.r.l., 2017. Cerca nel catalogo