First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Course unit
AVP4064869, A.A. 2018/19

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2017/18

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
IF0325, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2018/19
bring this page
with you
Number of ECTS credits allocated 12.0
Type of assessment Mark
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and the Environment
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge TEOFILO VAMERALI AGR/02
Other lecturers STEFANO MACOLINO AGR/02

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses AGR/02 Agronomy and Herbaceous Cultivation 12.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 3.0 24 51.0 No turn
Lecture 9.0 72 153.0 No turn

Start of activities 01/10/2018
End of activities 18/01/2019
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
5 Commissione a.a. 2019/20 01/12/2019 30/11/2020 VAMERALI TEOFILO (Presidente)
MACOLINO STEFANO (Membro Effettivo)
4 Commissione a.a. 2018/19 01/12/2018 30/11/2019 VAMERALI TEOFILO (Presidente)
MACOLINO STEFANO (Membro Effettivo)
3 Commissione a.a. 2017/18 01/12/2017 30/11/2018 VAMERALI TEOFILO (Presidente)
MACOLINO STEFANO (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: Knowledge and skills required for a full understanding of the course contents regards plant biology. There are not prerequisites.
Target skills and knowledge: The student will achieve knowledge on the main environmental and agronomic factors affecting yield and quality in crop production. Knowledge on the cultivation of field crops for animal feed will also achieved. At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize the main field crops, identify the most suitable areas for their cultivation, know their uses, adopt the main elements of agronomic techniques for their cultivation and choose the optimal harvesting time.
Examination methods: The exam is written by tests with open-ended questions and the practical recognition of seeds. There are no tests during the course but only one final test. In the absence of intermediate tests only one final test is expected.
Assessment criteria: The level of knowledge of the students will be evaluated by checking the acquisition of knowledge of specific agronomic and cultivation concepts, and through the verification of skills and competences (solving simple problems of dosage of seeds, fertilizers, irrigation water, agronomic techniques for achieving high levels of quality).
Course unit contents: 1° credit: Effects of climate on crop production: radiation, evapo-transpiration, precipitation, temperature, wind, hail and snow: effects on crop yield and quality. Indexes for measuring shoot and root growth.

2° credit: Soil formation and properties (physical, chemical and biological). Soil water: hydrological constants. Water availability and soil reserves. Irrigation methods and their efficiency. Draining and soil layout.

3° credit: Plant reproduction: analysis of seeds, seed treatments and sowing methods. Soil tillage: introduction, ploughing, ripping, harrowing, weeding, ridging, rolling, minimum tillage and sod-seeding.

4° credit: Nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) and fertilisation. Soil organic matter and organic fertilisers: manure, slurry, organic fertilisers from civil and industrial activities, green manure. Mineral fertilisation: N-P-K fertilisers. Plant response to fertilisers and methods of fertilisation. Agricultural systems: general aspects, intercropping, crop rotation.

5° credit: Winter cereals: wheat, flour and milling by-products, barley and by-products of beer production, oat, rye, triticum secalotriticum, buckwheat, quinoa.

6° credit: Summer cereals: maize for grains and silage, rice and by-products. Mycotoxins in maize.

7° credit: Root crops: fodder beet, sugar beet and by-products (pulp, molasses, distillery slop).

8° credit: Oil- and protein crops and meal production: soybean, sunflower and rapeseed.

9° credit. Presentation of the module “Forage crops” and definition of the following terms: forage cropping, forage cultures, forage, forage plants. Forage harvesting and utilization. PERMANENT MEADOWS: main types of permanent meadows in northern Italy, differential characteristics and cultural practices used in the management. MOUNTAIN PASTURES: main types of mountain pasture in northern Italy and their differential characteristics. Grazing techniques and utilization methods. Ecological services of permanent meadows and pastures. FABACEAE and POACEAE families: general morphological characteristics related to productivity, forage quality characteristics, and utilization methods.

10° Credit. Main classification criteria of Fabacea forage crops. ALFALFA: agronomic value, botanical features, and cultivation practices related to productivity and forage quality.
Morphological characteristics, environmental requirements, cultivation and utilization methods of the following species: RED CLOVER, WHITE CLOVER and OTHER FABACEAE FOR MEADOWS AND PASTURES (hybrid clover, bird’s-foot trefoil, common sainfoin, french honeysuckle, subterranean clover).

11° credit. FABACEAE for forage crop: morphological characteristics, environmental requirements and cultivation methods of forage pea and tick-bean. Oligophyte forage crops formed by annual legumes and grasses.
POACEAE OF FORAGE INTEREST (Festuca arundinacea, Dactilys glomerata, Phleum pratense, Lolium multiflorum e L. perenne): morphological characteristics, environmental requirements, management practices, productivity and forage quality characteristics, and utilization methods.

12° credit. AUTUMN-SPRING FORAGE CROPS OF POACEAE: botanical characteristics, environmental requirements and cultivation practices relating to: rye, barley, wheat, oat and triticale. MAIZE FORAGE CROP: plant characteristics; stages of the biological cycle (germination, vegetative stage, grain ripening); requirements and environmental adaptation; types of maize forage crop. Agronomic techniques for a silage maize crop, harvesting and conservation of ensiling forage.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Lectures and exercises in the classroom even through the use of web resources (short movies) inherent the main cultivation operations and field crops for livestock use. Educational visits to the experimental farm of Padova University and to the Asiago highland, and distribution of seeds of the main crops for their recognition. It is aimed to provide as much as possible aspects related to agricultural practice of cultivation.
Additional notes about suggested reading: It is recommended attending regularly the lectures in order to acquire the study materials provided by the teacher and for faster exam preparation. Powerpoint materials will be provided entirely at the beginning of the course.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Giardini, Luigi, Agronomia generale ambientale e aziendale Luigi Giardini. Bologna: Patron, 2004.
  • Giardini, Luigi, A come agronomia Luigi Giardini. Bologna: Patron, 2003.
  • Giardini, Luigi; Baldoni, Remigio, Coltivazioni erbacee Remigio Baldoni, Luigi Giardini coordinatori. Bologna: --, --.
  • Betti, Sandra; Ligabue, Marco, <<Le >>piante foraggere Sandra Betti, Marco Ligabue, Vincenzo Tabaglio. Verona: L'informatore agrario, --.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Climate Action