First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
ANIMAL CARE
Course unit
LABORATORY ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, ETHOLOGY AND WELFARE
AVP7077580, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2017/18

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
ANIMAL CARE
AV2378, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2019/20
N0
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Degree course track LAB ANIMAL [001LE]
Number of ECTS credits allocated 8.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination LABORATORY ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, ETHOLOGY AND WELFARE
Website of the academic structure https://www.agrariamedicinaveterinaria.unipd.it/
Department of reference Department of Comparative Biomedicine and Food Science
E-Learning website https://elearning.unipd.it/scuolaamv/course/view.php?idnumber=2019-AV2378-001LE-2017-AVP7077580-N0
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction English
Branch LEGNARO (PD)
Single Course unit The Course unit CANNOT be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Lecturers
Teacher in charge MARCO CULLERE AGR/20
Other lecturers PAOLO MONGILLO VET/02
ANGELA TROCINO AGR/20

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines AGR/20 Animal Husbandry 6.0
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines VET/02 Veterinary Physiology 2.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 3rd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
hours
Hours of
Individual study
Shifts
Practice 1.0 8 17.0 2
Laboratory 2.0 16 34.0 No turn
Lecture 5.0 40 85.0 No turn

Calendar
Start of activities 30/09/2019
End of activities 18/01/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
1  Commissione a.a. 2019/20 01/12/2019 30/11/2020 CULLERE MARCO (Presidente)
TROCINO ANGELA (Membro Effettivo)
MONGILLO PAOLO (Supplente)

Syllabus
Prerequisites: Required foundation courses: Applied mathematics and physics, General pathology and laboratory techniques. Admission of students to practical activities (which is mandatory for at least 75% of the laboratory hours) is conditional depending on compliance of appropriate educational background.
Target skills and knowledge: Through this course students are expected to:

- acquire theoretical and practical knowledge, skills and tools to manage husbandry and welfare of species (mainly rat and mouse, but also rabbit and poultry; aquatic species with special emphasis on zebrafish and other relevant laboratory species) involved in scientific research under laboratory conditions.

- obtain knowledge about the behavioral repertoire of laboratory animal species (esp. rat, mouse, zebrafish, poultry, dog), and the species behavioral needs. Students will learn how to recognize and interpret relevant behaviors. Students will acquire skills in the collection and in the critical interpretation of behavioral data, and in the implementation of procedures for training of laboratory animals, aimed at improving the animal’s welfare while housed, approached, or manipulated.
Examination methods: The exam will be held at the end of the course, in oral or written form. In the latter case, the exam may include multiple-choice questions, open questions, or video/image-based problems to be discussed.
Assessment criteria: Pass-marks range from 18/30 to 30/30 cum laude.
The candidate should have retained the information that s/he had been taught and be able to:
- recognise suitable routines and husbandry practices for the maintenance, care and welfare for a range of animals used in research;
- recognise suitable environmental and housing conditions for laboratory animals, how conditions are monitored and identify the consequences for the animal resulting from inappropriate environmental conditions;
- apply the correct procedures for ensuring health, welfare and care of animals during their transport;
- assessment of the students’ knowledge of the course content, the student’s ability to correctly identify and interpret behaviors, their ability to identify appropriate procedures to address realistic professional scenarios in laboratory animal care, their clarity and accuracy of expression.
Course unit contents: Laboratory animal husbandry and welfare I (4 Credits):
Species: mainly rat and mouse, but also rabbit and poultry.
The course covers the following topics:

- Principles of reproduction physiology and control: kindling, milking, weaning; egg laying, incubation, hatching, chicks management.
- Principles of nutritional and water requirements: quality of the diets, feeding and drinking practice, diets sampling.
- Environmental and housing conditions for laboratory animals to ensure welfare in the animal unit: decription of suitable environmental conditions and enrichment, management of the animal facility to guarantee animal’s health and scientific procedures (including environmental measurement equipment), monitoring activity and identification of the consequences of inapproriate environmental conditions on the animal, evaluation of potential problems. Replacement, reduction, and refinement approach for a continuous improvement of welfare, husbandry and enrichment practices.
- Experimental management: best practices use and assessment to fullfil and monitor animal welfare with respect to the severity of procedures and pain assessment methods in clinical settings and know what appropriate actions to take; performance, reproduction and experimental treatments, data collection and analysis for experimental purposes.
- Transport, acclimatization, husbandry conditions and experimental procedures: laboratory animal transport/transfer, housing, handling, holding; description of the biological consequences on the intended animal species and their minimization to ensure animal health status and welfare.

Training: case studies on the animal species discussed in lecture sessions to reinforce husbandry and welfare principles. Technical visits to visualize and understand the theoretical concepts considered in frontal lectures.

Laboratory animal husbandry and welfare II (2 Credits):
The course covers the following topics:

Basic operating principles about design and functionality of laboratory housing systems and equipments for aquatic species; management, feeding and handling with special emphasis on zebrafish and other relevant laboratory species.

Training: Visit at an acquatic laboratory system; case studies about welfare of acquatic species under laboratory sysytems.

Laboratory Animal Ethology (2 Credits):
The course covers the following topics:

Behavioral repertoires. The behavioral repertoires of the species most frequently used in research (including rat, mouse, zebrafish, poultry, dogs), and including:
- Maintenance behaviors
- Exploration, use of space and territorial behavior
- Sociality and communication
- Fear, stress and abnormal behaviors

Behavioral methods. Methodologies for the collection of behavioral data. Main behavioral paradigms used in animal research.

Training. Application of the learning theory to the training of animals, aimed at improving their welfare while housed and reducing the impact of experimental procedures and restraint (e.g. habituation, positive-reinforcement based conditioning, socialization).
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Laboratory animal husbandry and welfare I:
The course includes:
24 hours of lectures in class (including 6 hours of seminar by an International expert)
8 hours of practical’s, including technical visits and activities to reinforce husbandry and welfare principles discussed in lecture sessions.

Laboratory animal husbandry and welfare II:
The course includes:
8 hours of lectures in class
8 hours of practical’s, focused on management of aquatic species under lab conditions, including visit to external facilities .

Laboratory Animal Ethology:
The course includes:
8 hours of lectures in class
8 hours of practical’s, focused on the collection and interpretation of behavioral data, and animal training.
Additional notes about suggested reading: The resources provided by the teacher, unless otherwise stated by the copyright owner (e.g. ebooks) are intended for the students of the course for personal use. The material cannot be modified or shared.
Some of the suggested textbooks are freely available as e-books, as subscriptions by the University of Padua.
Additional study materials (e.g. book chapters or papers), the course slides and other resources that can help understanding the course topics will be provided on the Moodle platform.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Sarah Wolfensohn and Maggie Lloyd, Handbook of Laboratory Animal Management and Welfare. --: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2003. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Ian Q. Whishaw and Bryan Kolb, The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests. --: Oxford University Press, 2004. https://catalogo.unipd.it/F/G66LQQPJ3ARGTC5R4YR7JL58HUEGU6G8LFNMEEM6CDCJXNH58E-78536?func=full-set-set&set_number=017501&set_entry=000005&format=999 Cerca nel catalogo
  • Marit E. Buseth and Richard A. Saunders, Rabbit Behaviour, Health and Care. Wallingford, UK: CABI, 2015. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Several, Sociobiology of Caviomorph Rodents- An Integrative Approach. --: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2016. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/9781118846506 Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Lecturing
  • Laboratory
  • Problem based learning
  • Case study
  • Working in group
  • Questioning
  • Problem solving
  • Active quizzes for Concept Verification Tests and class discussions
  • Use of online videos
  • Loading of files and pages (web pages, Moodle, ...)

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Quality Education