First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Course unit
AVP7077517, A.A. 2017/18

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2017/18

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
AV2378, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2017/18
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Degree course track Common track
Number of ECTS credits allocated 9.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination COMPARATIVE ANIMAL ANATOMY
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Comparative Biomedicine and Food Science
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction English
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Other lecturers CRISTINA BALLARIN VET/01

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses VET/01 Anatomy of Domestic Animals 9.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 4.0 32 68.0 No turn
Lecture 5.0 40 85.0 No turn

Start of activities 26/02/2018
End of activities 01/06/2018
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
4  Commissione valida dall'a.a. 2019/20 01/12/2019 30/11/2020 BALLARIN CRISTINA (Presidente)
3 Commissione a.a. 2019/20 01/12/2019 30/11/2020 BALLARIN CRISTINA (Presidente)
2 Commissione a.a. 2018/19 01/12/2018 30/11/2019 PATRUNO MARCO VINCENZO (Presidente)
BALLARIN CRISTINA (Membro Effettivo)
1 Commissione a.a. 2017/18 01/12/2017 30/11/2018 PATRUNO MARCO VINCENZO (Presidente)
BALLARIN CRISTINA (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: Students are required to have knowledge of general and cell biology.
Target skills and knowledge: The purpose of the course is to give students a useful knowledge of apparatus and organs of the most common species of wild and laboratory animals. Students will be able to describe and identify as well as understand relationships between organs and the adaptive changes they have undergone during evolution.
Examination methods: Written and practical test
Assessment criteria: The examination will cover both practical and theoretical learning objectives.
Evaluation criteria include degree of knowledge of acquired information, understanding of the relationship/integration between different body systems, ability to explain the diverse adaptation to environment, acquisition of the correct anatomical terminology.
Course unit contents: The course will focus on structural and functional evolution of selected organ systems in representative species among vertebrates.
One part of the course will review the principals of the comparative anatomy and the evolutionary relationships among vertebrates. In the remainder of the course, structure of organs and their organization will be interpreted in terms of their embryological development, morphological and functional adaptations (in big cats, elephants, giraffes and cetaceans). The course presents the microscopic and gross anatomy of selected carnivores, herbivores, lagomorphs, rodents, fishes, birds, reptiles, utilizing laboratory applications as a basis for anatomical understanding. Other disciplines such as histology will also be included when they assist in anatomical comprehending.
Lectures, laboratories and seminars will be included as part of the course. The laboratory part will require the active participation of students in the dissection and examination of major organ systems. The laboratory is a required part of the course.

The course lectures cover:
- Development and organization of the animal body plan
- Muscoskeletal system of vertebrates and adaptation for terrestrial locomotion, swimming and flight (8hrs)
- Integumentary system and sense organs (6 hrs)
- Digestive system (6hrs)
- Respiratory system (4 hrs)
- Urinary system (4 hrs)
- Reproductive system (6 hrs)
- Heart (4hrs)
The laboratory part of the course includes:
- The dissection of bony and cartilaginous fishes, reptiles (Testudines and Squamata orders), birds (chicken, pigeon) and mammalian cadavers in necropsy room.
- The study of skeleton in the comparative osteology room.
- The study of the organ structure in the microscope room
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course includes 40 hours of lectures, 32 hours of lab sessions and hands on activities to reinforce anatomical principles discussed in lecture sessions. Practical activities are based on participative interaction, with group discussion and evaluation tests. A computer facilitated study using animal anatomy software will help students in identifying relationships and locations of anatomical structures as well as practicing anatomical vocabulary.
On completion of this course, the student shall be able to:
1. Identify significant portions of the major organ systems of most wild and laboratory animals
2. Describe and explain the functional morphology of adult structures in vertebrates using proper terminology.
3. Dissect vertebrates with confidence.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Slides used for lessons are available on Moodle platform (

Optional supplementary readings:
- Gillian m and David R. N. Custance King. Colour Atlas of Vertebrate Anatomy: An Integrated Text and Dissection Guide. Blackwell.
- De Iuliis, G. & Pulera, D. 2011. The Dissection of Vertebrates: A Laboratory Manual, 2nd Edition. Academic Press.
- Cozzi B, Huggenberger S, Oelschlager H. 2017. Anatomy of Dolphins. Academic Press.

- Patruno. Lab practical of veterinary histology. Cortina (Padova).
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Liem, K.F., Bemis, W.E., Walker Jr., W.F. & Grande, L. Functional, Anatomy of the Vertebrates: An Evolutionary Perspective, 3rd Edition. --: Brooks/Cole, --.