
Course unit
PHYSICS AND BIOPHYSICS
MEP5071018, A.A. 2017/18
Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2017/18
ECTS: details
Type 
ScientificDisciplinary Sector 
Credits allocated 
Basic courses 
FIS/07 
Applied Physics (Cultural Heritage, Environment, Biology and Medicine) 
7.0 
Course unit organization
Period 
First semester 
Year 
1st Year 
Teaching method 
frontal 
Type of hours 
Credits 
Teaching hours 
Hours of Individual study 
Shifts 
Group didactic activities 
0.0 
8 
0.0 
No turn 
Lecture 
7.0 
76 
99.0 
No turn 
Examination board
Board 
From 
To 
Members of the board 
4 COMMISSIONE D'ESAME DI FISICA E BIOFISICA A.A. 2018/2019 
02/10/2018 
31/12/2019 
MARZARI
FRANCESCO
(Presidente)
FONTANA
CRISTIANO LINO
(Membro Effettivo)
ZENNARO
LUCIO
(Membro Effettivo)

3 COMMISSIONE D'ESAME DI FISICA E BIOFISICA A.A. 2017/2018 
02/10/2017 
31/12/2019 
MARZARI
FRANCESCO
(Presidente)
FONTANA
CRISTIANO LINO
(Membro Effettivo)
ZENNARO
LUCIO
(Membro Effettivo)

1 COMMISSIONE D'ESAME DI FISICA E BIOFISICA A.A. 2015/2016 
01/10/2015 
31/12/2019 
ZENNARO
LUCIO
(Presidente)
MARZARI
FRANCESCO
(Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites:

prerequisites: none. 
Target skills and knowledge:

Basic knowledge of physics in view of its application to medicine: statics and dynamics (orthopedics), optics, acustics, fluid dynamics, electric and magnetic phenomena (physiology), radiation. 
Examination methods:

Written test with 12 multiple choice questions and 4 exercises. The multiple choice questions may require some analytical derivations. Example of previous tests are given at
http://eureka01.pd.infn.it:5210/~marzari/MEDICINA/ 
Course unit contents:

1) Introductory review on the fundamental constituents of matter (quarks, letpons) and of the forces acting on them (strong and weak interactions, electromagnetism, gravity)
2) Equations of motion in 1 and 3 dimensions, uniformly accelarated motion, parabolic motion, uniform circular motion, centripetal acceleration. Examples.
3) The three fundamental principles of mechanics, different kind of forces (gravity, contact, friction, elastic), inclined plane motion. Examples.
4) Definition of work and power, kinetic energy, elastic and gravitational potential energy.
5) Conservation laws (energy, momentum, angular momentum) with applications, different types of levers and mode of operation of the lower jaw. Definition of angular acceleration, moment of a force, pulleys.
6) Harmonic motion
7) Hooke's law and application to bone fractures.
8) Fluids: law of the flow rate and Bernulli's theorem. Application to aneurysm and stenosis. Viscosity, Poiseuille e Stokes laws, Reynolds number, turbulence, sedimentation and
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
9) Gauss theorem for the gravitational force, binding energy and escape velocity.
10) Thermodynamics: definition of temperature, heat, thermal capacity, specific and latent heat. Heat transport, conduction, convection, irradiation, thermoregulation of the human body.
Ideal gasses, Boyle and GayLussac laws, barotrauma. Kinetic theory of gasses, average kinetic energy, internal energy, work and first principle of thermodynamics. Thermodynamical transformations (isobar, isochoric, isothermal and adiabatic), Mayer relation. Introduction to the second principle.
12) Electric field, binding states, Gauss theorem. Conductors,capacitors and electrostatic energy. Electric current, Ohm's law, resistances in series and in parallel, RC circuit.
13) Magnetic field, Lorentz's force, mass spectrometer. Laws of BiotSavart and Ampere and their applications. Magnetic induction and Faraday's law, dynamo and turbine.
14) Longitudinal and trasversal waves, sinusoidal waves, wave number and wavelength, frequency, stationary waves, beating, Doppler's effect. Transport of energy by a wave, intensity and Decibel's scale. Short introduction to echoscan.
15) Optics, interference and diffraction, Airy's disk, rrefraction and Snell's law, lenses.
16) Energetic levels in the atom, emission and absorption of light, xrays production.
17) Different types of radiation (alpha, beta, gamma), definition of Gray e Sievert. Bragg's peak and therapeutic use of high energy protons and ions, short description of LINAC and synchroton. Law of radioactive decay, dating. 
Additional notes about suggested reading:

At: http://eureka01.pd.infn.it:5210/~marzari/MEDICINA/ tutorials covering all topics presented in class. 
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings) 

Bellini, Gianpaolo; Manuzio, Giulio; Meinardi, Francesco, Fisica per le scienze della vita. Padova: Piccin, 2010.

Cromer, Alan H.; Tornielli, Giorgio; Peruzzo, L., Fisica per medicina, farmacia e scienze biologiche. Padova: Piccin, 1976.

Cromer, Alan H., Physics for the life sciences. New York: McGrawHill, 1977.


