First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Course unit
AVP7079937, A.A. 2019/20

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2017/18

Information on the course unit
Degree course 5 years single cycle degree in
MV0991, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2019/20
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 5.0
Type of assessment Mark
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Animal Medicine, Production and Health
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit CANNOT be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit is available ONLY for students enrolled in VETERINARY MEDICINE (Ord. 2017)

Teacher in charge MASSIMO CASTAGNARO VET/03

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses VET/03 General Pathology and Veterinary Pathological Anatomy 5.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 3rd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 3.0 30 45.0 2
Lecture 2.0 20 30.0 No turn

Start of activities 02/03/2020
End of activities 12/06/2020
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Prerequisites: Students should have adequate knowledge of Macroscopic Veterinary Anatomy, Veterinary Physiology, Microbiology and Immunology, Bacteriology and Virology, Parasitology and Veterinary pathology.
Target skills and knowledge: The expected learning outcomes of the integrated course are the follow.
1. To be able to recognize and to properly describe with technical terminology the major gross lesions
2. To be able to adequately interpret the nature of described lesions.
3. To be able to formerly establish a correct gross morphological diagnosis
4. To know the different diagnostic tools applyed in Veterinary Pathology

5. To know general features, aims, procedures and tools of post mortem exam in major animal species
6. To be able to recognize post mortem changes and to differentiate them from gross pathological processes
7. To know and perform tissue sampling for further diagnostic procedures
Examination methods: The assessment of intended learing outcomes will be made with a final exam which will take place during two different days. During the first day a written examination will focus on a. description and establishment of gross morphological diagnosis of lesions presented in two slides; students will be also asked to comment on possible application of further diagnostic techniques; b. two open question and multiple choice questions on post-mortem techniques program.
During the second day, in the necropsy hall, students will be asked a. to recognize the species of organs from the slaughterhouse, b. to describe and establish a gross morphological diagnosis on a organ, c. to perform part of a post-mortem analysis on a dead animal.
Final mark will be expressed as a sum of the scores obtained in all parts of the exam.
Assessment criteria: Criteria of students assessment for intended learning outcome are:
1. Conmpleteness of acquired knowledge;
2. Ability to analitycally describe all the elements of a gross lesion;
3. Ability to use technical terminology during written and oral assessments;
4. Capability and coherence to interpret the nature of the lesion from description of a gross lesion;
5. Ability and skills to use technical tools during a post-mortem examination
Areas of professional appplication of veterinary pathology. Tools and methods of veterinary pathology (gross examination, cytopathology, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, molecular pathology). Gross evaluation of organs and lesions (location, serosal status, volume, weight, shape and smell). Description of gross lesions (color, shape, surface appearance, margins, texture, size, distribution). Specific terminology for gross lesions (polyps, erosion, ulcer, fistula, nodule, mass, area, cyst, fibrosis, scar, adherence, dilation/ectasia, stenosis, meteorism, emphysema, atelectasia, foreign body).
Interpretation of gross lesions: degeneration and necrosis (cloudy swelling, fatty change, amyloydosis, coagulation necrosis, caseous necrosis, Zencker necrosis, fat necrosis, colliquative necrosis), benign and malignant neoplasia, acute inflammation (serous, catharral, purulent, necrotizing), chronic inflammation (granulomatous inflammation), healing processes. Establishment of gross morphological diagnosis. Differential diagnosis, etiology and etiological diagnosis, specific diseases.

Diagnostic post-mortem procedures. Causes and mechanisms of death. Clinical history, animal identification and conservation. Major post-mortem changes: livor mortis, autolytic changes and putrefaction, rigor mortis. Major post-mortem procedures. Tissue sampling and making a report.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: GENERAL ANATOMICAL PATHOLOGY
Teaching activity consists of theoretical (16 hrs) and practical (30) lectures with hands-on activity in two groups of students. In each group, students will be asked to describe, interpret and establish a gross morphological diagnosis on single organ or on slides.

Teaching activity consists of theoretical (4 hrs) and practical lectures (30) with hands-on activity in two groups of students. During practicals, students in small groups (4 students each) will perform complete post-mortem examination and tissue samploing on different dead animals.
Additional notes about suggested reading: All teaching material presented during theoretical lectures are available on moodle platform. For General Anatomical Pathology, students are invited to use two web sites( and
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Lecturing
  • Laboratory
  • Interactive lecturing
  • Working in group
  • Questioning
  • Problem solving