First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
PHYSICS
Course unit
CHEMISTRY (Iniziali cognome A-L)
SC03101111, A.A. 2016/17

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2016/17

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
PHYSICS
SC1158, Degree course structure A.Y. 2014/15, A.Y. 2016/17
A1301
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination CHEMISTRY
Website of the academic structure http://fisica.scienze.unipd.it/2016/laurea
Department of reference Department of Physics and Astronomy
E-Learning website https://elearning.unipd.it/dfa/course/view.php?idnumber=2016-SC1158-000ZZ-2016-SC03101111-A1301
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Branch PADOVA
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Lecturers
Teacher in charge ANDREA VITTADINI

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses CHIM/03 General and Inorganic Chemistry 6.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
hours
Hours of
Individual study
Shifts
Lecture 6.0 48 102.0 No turn

Calendar
Start of activities 01/10/2016
End of activities 20/01/2017
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2014 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
9 Chimica (iniziali cognome M-Z) 01/10/2018 30/11/2019 NATILE MARTA MARIA (Presidente)
VITTADINI ANDREA (Membro Effettivo)
GROSS SILVIA (Supplente)
8 Chimica (iniziali cognome A-L) 01/10/2018 30/11/2019 VITTADINI ANDREA (Presidente)
NATILE MARTA MARIA (Membro Effettivo)
CASARIN MAURIZIO (Supplente)
GROSS SILVIA (Supplente)
7 Chimica (iniziali cognome M-Z) 01/10/2017 30/11/2018 NATILE MARTA MARIA (Presidente)
VITTADINI ANDREA (Membro Effettivo)
GLISENTI ANTONELLA (Supplente)
6 Chimica (iniziali cognome A-L) 01/10/2017 30/11/2018 VITTADINI ANDREA (Presidente)
NATILE MARTA MARIA (Membro Effettivo)
CASARIN MAURIZIO (Supplente)
GROSS SILVIA (Supplente)
5 Chimica (M-Z) 01/10/2016 30/09/2017 NATILE MARTA MARIA (Presidente)
VITTADINI ANDREA (Membro Effettivo)
GLISENTI ANTONELLA (Supplente)
4 Chimica (A-L) 01/10/2016 30/09/2017 VITTADINI ANDREA (Presidente)
NATILE MARTA MARIA (Membro Effettivo)
GROSS SILVIA (Supplente)

Syllabus
Prerequisites: Elementary math.
Target skills and knowledge: The course is aimed at providing the basic knowledge necessary to understand the nature of chemical bonds, to predict molecular structures, and to use the laws that govern chemical reactions.
Examination methods: The comprenensive written exam is divided into two parts.
One has the purpose to check the level of theoretical understanding of the topics covered in the course. In the second part students are asked to solve some exercises, mainly concerning the prediction of electronic and structural properties of the molecules, stoichiometry, and chemical thermodynamics.
Course unit contents: BASIC CONCEPTS. Physical and chemical phenomena. States of matter. Homogeneous and heterogeneous systems. Chemical elements and compounds. ATOMS, MOLECULES AND IONS. Atoms. Molecules. Ions. Relative masses of the atoms. Atomic mass. Absolute mass of the atoms. Avogadro's number. Molecular mass. ATOMIC STRUCTURE. The components of the atoms. Quantum theory. Electrons in atoms. Quantum numbers. Pauli exclusion principle. Rule of maximum spin multiplicity of Hund. Electronic configurations of atoms. ELEMENTS. A recurrent item properties. The Periodic Table. Electronic structure of the elements and construction of the periodic table. FORMULAS AND CHEMICAL EQUATIONS. Formulas. Empirical and molecular formulas. Binary and ternary compounds. Nomenclature. Representation of the reactions using equations. Unbalanced equation. THE CHEMICAL BOND. Ionization potential. Electron affinity. Ionic bond. Lattice energy. Covalent bond. Bond polarity. Electronegativity. Valence bond theory. Octet rule. Lewis structures. Resonance. Molecular geometry. VSEPR method. Polarity of molecules. Intermolecular interactions. Hydrogen bonds. Overview of valence bond and molecular orbital theories. Crystal field theory (brief notes). STATES of MATTER. Vapor pressure. Evaporation. Boil. Sublimation. State diagrams. Triple point. PV diagrams of water and carbon dioxide. SOLUTIONS. Dissolution process. Electrolytic dissociation. Solvation. Aqueous solutions. Concen
tration. %, M, m. Colligative properties. Solutions. Lowering of vapor pressure. Raoult's law. Boiling point elevation and freezing point depression. Semipermeable membranes. Osmotic pressure. CHEMICAL KINETICS. Reaction rate. Influence of temperature. Collision theory. transition state theory, activation energy. Catalysis and catalysts. Reaction order. CHEMICAL BALANCE. Elements of chemical thermodynamics. Reversibility of chemical reactions. Law of mass action. Le Chatelier's principle. Equilibrium constant and its expressions. Kc and Kp. Acids and bases. Arrhenius, Brønsted-Lowry, and Lewis definitions. Strength of acids and bases. Dissociation constant. Acid-base equilibria. Equilibria in aqueous solution. Ionic product of water. The pH scale. Neutralization reactions. Buffer solutions. Titrations. Acids and bases. ELECTROLYTIC CONDUCTIVITY. Metallic conductors and electrolytic. Electrolytic dissociation. Dissociation and conductivity. Specific and molar conductivity. Dilution and dissociation. REDOX REACTIONS. Oxidation and reduction. Oxidation number. Balancing redox reactions. ELECTROCHEMISTRY. Electrochemical processes. Electrochemical cells. Cell and electrode potential. Standard potential. Standard electrodes. Nernst equation. Notes on electrolysis and corrosion. ELEMENTS AND COMPOUNDS. Inorganic chemistry. Groups of the periodic table. Properties of the main elements. Basic elements of organic chemistry. Aliphatic hydrocarbons (saturated and unsaturated) and aromatic. Main functional groups and their characteristics.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Frontal lectures (48 hours)
Additional notes about suggested reading: Powerpoint slides used for lectures will be available.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • PETRUCCI - HERRING - MADURA - BISSONNETTE, Chimica Generale. --: Piccin, 2013.
  • KOTZ - TREICHEL -TOWNSEND, Chimica. --: EdiSES, 2013. Cerca nel catalogo