First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
BIOTECHNOLOGY
Course unit
GENERAL AND COMPARATIVE ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY, ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY
SCO2045386, A.A. 2017/18

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2016/17

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
BIOTECHNOLOGY
IF1839, Degree course structure A.Y. 2011/12, A.Y. 2017/18
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 12.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination GENERAL AND COMPARATIVE ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY, ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY
Website of the academic structure http://biotecnologie.scienze.unipd.it/2017/laurea
Department of reference Department of Biology
E-Learning website https://elearning.unipd.it/biologia/course/view.php?idnumber=2017-IF1839-000ZZ-2016-SCO2045386-N0
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Branch PADOVA
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Lecturers
Teacher in charge ELISA GREGGIO BIO/09
Other lecturers LISA MACCATROZZO VET/01
ANDREA PORZIONATO BIO/16

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses BIO/09 Physiology 6.0
Core courses BIO/06 Comparative Anatomy and Citology 2.0
Core courses BIO/16 Human Anatomy 2.0
Core courses VET/01 Anatomy of Domestic Animals 2.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
hours
Hours of
Individual study
Shifts
Lecture 12.0 96 204.0 No turn

Calendar
Start of activities 02/10/2017
End of activities 19/01/2018
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2011 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
7 FISIOLOGIA, ANATOMIA ED EMBRIOLOGIA ANIMALE GENERALE E COMPARATA 2019-2020 01/10/2019 27/11/2020 GREGGIO ELISA (Presidente)
MACCATROZZO LISA (Membro Effettivo)
PORZIONATO ANDREA (Supplente)
6 FISIOLOGIA, ANATOMIA ED EMBRIOLOGIA ANIMALE GENERALE E COMPARATA 2018-2019 01/10/2018 30/11/2019 GREGGIO ELISA (Presidente)
MACCATROZZO LISA (Membro Effettivo)
PORZIONATO ANDREA (Supplente)
5 FISIOLOGIA, ANATOMIA ED EMBRIOLOGIA ANIMALE GENERALE E COMPARATA 2017/2018 01/10/2017 25/11/2018 GREGGIO ELISA (Presidente)
MACCATROZZO LISA (Membro Effettivo)
PORZIONATO ANDREA (Supplente)
4 FISIOLOGIA, ANATOMIA ED EMBRIOLOGIA ANIMALE GENERALE E COMPARATA 2016-2017 01/10/2016 30/11/2017 GREGGIO ELISA (Presidente)
PATRUNO MARCO VINCENZO (Membro Effettivo)
PORZIONATO ANDREA (Supplente)

Syllabus
Prerequisites: Background knowledge in math, physics, chemistry and biology
Target skills and knowledge: The course is divided into two modules. Module A (General animal and comparative physiology) provides the basis for understanding the functional processes at the level of cells, tissues, organs and systems in relation to the exchange of matter, energy and information. It also provides the basis for understanding the mechanisms of functional integration at the level of the exchange surfaces between the compartments and their importance in the homeostatic control of the internal environment of the organisms. Case studies on the physiology of organs will be used for model organisms appropriately selected. In module B (Histology and Embryology, Anatomy of laboratory animals, Human Anatomy), the course is divided into a general section that discusses the basics of histology and in a special section devoted to the anatomy of animals veterinary laboratory and human anatomy. In the discussion of the general organization of the mammalian and human body basic concepts of histology and microscopic anatomy will be introduced, with particular attention to the functional morphology and development of the organs. In the discussion of the special part of veterinary the most commonly used species in biotechnology research will be discussed.
Examination methods: Written exam per each module.
Assessment criteria: The exam will be evaluated according to the answers given to each question, in terms of completeness of the information provided in each answer, link capability between different concepts (consequential logic) and for the presence of errors. The answer to each question will be evaluated numerically and the total score of the test will be the sum of the scores obtained in the individual answers. The overall grade of the examination will be the average of the scores obtained for each module.
Course unit contents: Module A:
1- permeability and transport through physical barriers in biological systems for anelectrolytes, electrolytes and water. Concept of internal environment of an organism and homeostatic control. 2- Electric "Signalling": passive electrical properties of the membrane; Nernst potential and resting potential; action potentials; cable theory. Electrical and chemical synapses. Outline of sensory receptors and codification of intensity of the stimuli. Organization of the nervous system in a comparative perspective. 3-Mechanisms of excitability and contractility of skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle; excitation-contraction coupling; tetany and motor unit recruitment of skeletal muscle; myogenic excitement of the heart muscle; contraction mechanism of smooth muscle cells, endocrine and nervous control of the heart and smooth muscle. 4-classification of hormones and hormone-endocrine control correlation; the neuroendocrine system. 5- Hemodynamics; the heart as a pump: electrical and mechanical properties; nervous and hormonal regulation of blood pressure. 6-transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide; pH regulatin; exchange of gases in air and water: lungs, gills; swim bladder. 7- osmotic homeostasis: aquatic and terrestrial organisms; ultrafiltration, renal reabsorption and concentration of urine; osmoregulation in aquatic organisms: aglomerulari kidneys, gills, intestines.

Module B:
Histology. 1-Epithelial tissue: structural and ultrastructural morphological description, classification, localization and function of a) coating, b) glandular exocrine and endocrine, c) sensory and d) particularly differentiated epithelia. 2- Connective tissue: a) Connective tissues: loose fibrillar, reticular, elastic, dense connective, adipose unilocular and multilocular; b) Cartilage; c) non-lamellar and lamellar bone tissue, compact and spongy bone tissue. Direct and indirect ossification ; d) Blood: plasma and formed elements. 3- Muscle tissue: morphological organization and classification (smooth muscle, skeletal and cardiac muscle), the structure of myofibrils. 4- Nervous tissue: the neuron morphology and their classification. Glia. Structure of nerve. Synapses. Anatomical and functional organization of the CNS and PNS.


Embryology. Spermatogenesis and spermioistogenesis. Oogenesis and folliculogenesis. Fertilization. Zygote formation. Segmentation: mode and significance, types of egg, types of segmentation. Morula. Blastocyst: implantation and nesting. Gastrulation. Ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm. Fetal membranes: different types of placenta in mammals.

Anatomy: General principles of the organization of the human body. Systems and organs. Subdivision of the human body; external examination and internal examination. Musculoskeletal, blood and circulatory, digestive, respiratory, urinary, endocrine (Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal), reproductive (male and female) systems.
Anatomy of laboratory animals: comparative aspects of the anatomical characteristics of the species most commonly used in biotechnology research, with particular attention to digestive, respiratory, urinary, male and female reproductive and endocrine.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Lectures are organized in order to stimulate the active participation of students, in the discussion of paradigmatic issues. The cases considered are discussed with the active contribution of students. With regard to the content of Histology and Anatomy, the activities will take place in the laboratory of microscopy (Campus Agripolis), where students will examine histological specimens of the most common tissues, and in the necropsy room (Campus Agripolis).
Additional notes about suggested reading: Prior to the beginning of an argument, powerpoint slides used during classes will be made available to students. When appropriate, articles on innovative topics from specialized journals will be provided.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • D. Randall, W. Burggren, K. French, Fisiologia animale, meccanismi e adattamenti.. --: Bologna Zanichelli, --. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Cozzi B., Ballarin C., Peruffo A., CarĂ¹ F., Anatomia degli animali da laboratorio. Roditori e lagomorfi.. --: Milano: CEA, --. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Junqueira L.C., Carneiro J., Kelley R.O., Compendio di istologia. --: Padova: Piccin, --. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Patruno M, Lab Practical of Veterinary Histology. --: Padova: Libreria Cortina Editore, --. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Pelagalli V, Castaldo L, Lucini C, Patruno M, Scocco P., Embriologia: Morfogenesi e anomalie dello sviluppo. --: Idelson-Gnocchi, --. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Lauralee Sherwood, Hillary Klandorf, Paul Yancey, Fisiologia degli animali. Dai geni agli organismi. --: Zanichelli, --. Cerca nel catalogo