First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Engineering
Course unit
INP6075481, A.A. 2018/19

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2016/17

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
IN0513, Degree course structure A.Y. 2011/12, A.Y. 2018/19
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Department of reference Department of Information Engineering
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit


ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines FIS/03 Material Physics 6.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 3rd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Laboratory 4.0 28 72.0 2
Lecture 2.0 20 30.0 No turn

Start of activities 25/02/2019
End of activities 14/06/2019
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2011 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
3 A.A. 2018/2019 01/10/2018 15/03/2020 PELIZZO MARIA-GUGLIELMINA (Presidente)
CORSO ALAIN JODY (Membro Effettivo)
2 A.A. 2017/2018 01/10/2017 15/03/2019 PELIZZO MARIA-GUGLIELMINA (Presidente)
VILLORESI PAOLO (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: Having attended the course in Physics 2
Target skills and knowledge: Optics is the key player for cutting-edge technologies in imaging, display and projection, communication, contactless metrology, biotechnology and medicine analytics, nanotechnology, remote sensing and industrial manufacturing. Moreover, nowadays optics plays a fundamental role in the various branches of information engineering, as storage, processing, transmission, generation and analysis of data.
Starting from fundamental principles of optics, students will be guided to the knowledge of the most modern applications of optics in the field of information engineering. They will encounter also scientific and technological breakthroughs, such those that are descended from unprecedented control of light single photons or from technological advancement in light – material processes. Students will build some demonstrators and devices in laboratory
Examination methods: The student will have to produce five reports relating to the experiments carried out in laboratory. The oral exam will focus on the discussion of the reports.
Assessment criteria: Quality of the reports produced. Understanding of the physical phenomena underlying the experiments presented in reports. Knowledge of methods and laboratory techniques useful to repeat their experiments independently. Personal analysis of the data acquired in laboratory.
Course unit contents: For the information engineering areas of storage, processing, transmission, generation and analysis of data some specific topics involving optical science and technology will be presented in the course. Fundamental concepts in optics, such as light propagation, laser, interference, diffraction, polarization, quantization will be presented, to provide a sound basis for the understanding of such applications. Thus examples of some final technologies are presented, such as holography for data storage, image processing, free space quantum communication, sensing devices and quantum number generators.
In the following the program is reported.

Introduction: laser safety. Light beam propagation models. Laser sources and their coherence properties.
In laboratory: laser beam manipulation and image formation with basic optical components

Information Storage: interference of light and interferometers. Optical interference as a physical principle for realizing a hologram. Holography for data storage. Optical configurations and apparatus for recording and reconstructing the stored information. Security holograms.
In laboratory: realization of an interferometer. Realization of an hologram.

Information processing: Fourier optics in image formation and image processing. Fraunhofer diffraction as a Fourier Transform. Spatial frequency analysis and Fourier optical filtering. Optical filtering in lithographic apparatus for mask pattern recording and application in microelectronics. Optical correlation and its application in identification for security.
In laboratory: Fourier Transform of different mask patterns. Optical filtering of patterns with optical lens systems.

Information transmission: polarization of light to carry information. Jones Matrix Formalism. Birefringence and dichroism. Liquid Crystal Display. Information encoded in the polarization of single photons. Entanglement protocols and free space quantum communication.
In laboratory: realization of an optical isolator.

Information generation and analysis: Fresnel equations. Transmission, reflection, total reflection, evanescent field. Thin films. Role of thin films of metals in plasmonic sensor devices. Hydrogen optical sensors for renewable energy applications. Photonics sensors to read chemical and biological signals. Introduction to quantum optics and photons. Role of random number in information engineering. Pseudo random-number generators and truly ones. Quantum mechanical processes to generate random numbers.
In laboratory: realization of an optical transducer for bio-sensing. An example of a quantum random-number generator.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Students will attend lectures, followed by the laboratory activities. In the laboratory the students will be divided into groups and will operate on optical benches using instrumentation and components to the state of art. In addition to theoretical knowledges, they will acquire skills related to the realization of optical systems in laboratory and their characterization. They will assist also to some scientific experiments.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Students will attend lectures in classroom. The slides will be available before such lessons. The more theoretical parts are based on the reference text proposed, while the explanation of the experiments to be performed in the laboratory is contained in the slides only. During the laboratories, the students are welcome to take notes and photographs useful for drafting the reports.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • F. Pedrotti, L. Pedrotti, Introduction to Optics. --: Prentice Hall International Editors, --. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Materiale fornito dal docente (slides), --. --: --, --.