First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Course unit
AG01106098, A.A. 2017/18

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2016/17

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
AG0057, Degree course structure A.Y. 2008/09, A.Y. 2017/18
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and the Environment
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge LORENZO FAVARO AGR/16

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses AGR/16 Agricultural Microbiology 6.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 1.0 8 17.0 2
Laboratory 1.0 8 17.0 2
Lecture 4.0 32 68.0 No turn

Start of activities 02/10/2017
End of activities 19/01/2018
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
7 Commissione a.a. 2018/19 01/12/2018 30/11/2019 FAVARO LORENZO (Presidente)
CASELLA SERGIO (Membro Effettivo)
6 Commissione a.a. 2017/18 01/12/2017 30/11/2018 FAVARO LORENZO (Presidente)
CASELLA SERGIO (Membro Effettivo)
5 Commissione a.a. 2016/17 01/12/2016 30/11/2017 CASELLA SERGIO (Presidente)
FAVARO LORENZO (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: In order to efficiently attend the course the student should possess knowledge acquired from the base teaching of mathematics, physics, general and inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry and biology. It is also required to be familiar with English language and web surfing.
Target skills and knowledge: The students gain knowledge on the structure, physiology and genetic of microorganisms; they get an overview of the microbial roles within bio-geo-chemical cycles and a framework of some significant agro-environmental applications; finally, the student will be introduced to food microbiology.
Examination methods: Generally oral exam. At the end of the course a written test will be available for those that have attended in the current year, possibly integrated by an oral test.
Assessment criteria: The evaluation is based on the assessment of the level of understanding of the themes covered by the teacher and the ability to make use of general microbiology knowledge in view of some significant agro-environmental and agro-food applications.
Course unit contents: 1° CFU: A general overview of microbial world. Studying approach. Morphology. Cell structure and comparison between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Bacterial capsule, flagella, pili and cell wall. Biological membranes. Cytoplasm. Reserve materials. Bacterial endospores.
2° CFU: The microbial nutrition. Main cellular elements and macromolecules. Microbial metabolism. Energy supplying. Respiration. Fermentation. Bacterial photosynthesis.
3° CFU: Bacterial genetic. Organization of bacterial genome and comparison with eukaryotes. The structure of a bacterial gene. Replication, transcription and translation of the genetic code in bacteria. Conjugation, transformation and transduction (the structure and organization of a bacteriophage). Extrachromosomal DNA. Introduction to recombinant DNA technology (cloning vectors development, expression of heterologous genes).
4° CFU: The microbial growth and its evaluation. Mathematic and graphic expression of microbial growth. Control of the microbial growth. Sterilization and sanitization techniques. Classification criteria for the main microbial groups (virus, bacteria and actynomycetes, filamentous fungi and yeast).
5° CFU: Microorganisms of interest in agriculture. Biological fertility of soil and C/N ratio. Soil biomass evaluation. Functional microbial groups. Microbial actions within the main element cycles: carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur, others. Degradation processes. The effect of soil on microorganisms. Microbial interactions. Plant-microorganisms relationships: spermosphere, rhizosphere, phyllosphere, biocenosis, symbiosis.
6° CFU: Use of microorganisms in agriculture: microbial inoculants. Microbiological markers and microbial identification. Genetically modified microorganisms: practical and regulatory aspects. Microbiological production of functional compounds. Biotechnological aspects. Introduction to food microbiology. Microbiological basis of conservation techniques.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course is organized in room lectures with the help of slides that will be made available to the students. In order to acquire basic microbiology methods some lab practices will be carried out and some seminars on the safety of lab work will be offered.
Additional notes about suggested reading: The slides used by the teacher will be made available using Moodle platform ( and some additional bibliographic material and links will be suggested.

Three books are suggested with the following priority order:

• M.T.Madigan, J.M.Martinko, K.S. Bender, D. H. Buckley, D. A. Stahl, Brock. Biologia dei microrganismi. Pearson, 2016, 14a edizione
• B. Biavati, C. Sorlini, Microbiologia Generale e Agraria. --: Ambrosiana, 2012. Autori vari
• B. Biavati, C. Sorlini, Microbiologia agro ambientale. --: Ambrosiana, 2008. Autori vari
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Brock, Thomas D.; Madigan, Michael T.; Branduardi, Paola, Biologia dei microrganismimicrobiologia generale, ambientale e industrialeBrock[a cura di] Michael T. Madigan ... [et al.]edizione italiana a cura di: Paola Branduardi ... [et al.]. Milano: Torino, Pearson Italia, 2016.
  • Sorlini, Claudia; Biavati, Bruno, Microbiologia generale e agrariaa cura di Bruno Biavati, Claudia Sorlini. Milano: Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, 2012.
  • Sorlini, Claudia; Biavati, Bruno, Microbiologia agroambientalea cura di Bruno Biavati , Claudia Sorlini. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, --.