First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Medicine
PHARMACY
Course unit
PLANT BIOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL BOTANY
MEP3051823, A.A. 2018/19

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2016/17

Information on the course unit
Degree course 5 years single cycle degree in
PHARMACY (Ord. 2009)
FA1732, Degree course structure A.Y. 2009/10, A.Y. 2018/19
N0
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 8.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination PLANT BIOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL BOTANY
Department of reference Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences
E-Learning website https://elearning.unipd.it/dsf/course/view.php?idnumber=2018-FA1732-000ZZ-2016-MEP3051823-N0
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Branch PADOVA
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Lecturers
Teacher in charge ROSAMARIA CANIATO BIO/15

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses BIO/15 Pharmaceutic Biology 8.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 3rd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
hours
Hours of
Individual study
Shifts
Lecture 8.0 64 136.0 No turn

Calendar
Start of activities 25/02/2019
End of activities 14/06/2019
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2018 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
6 Commissione a.a. 2018/19 03/12/2018 30/09/2019 CANIATO ROSAMARIA (Presidente)
FILIPPINI RAFFAELLA (Membro Effettivo)
PIOVAN ANNA (Membro Effettivo)

Syllabus
Prerequisites: Knowledge and skills of Cytology, Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry.
Target skills and knowledge: Students will learn the fundamentals of general and special botany with special emphasis on medicinal plants.
Knowledge of the peculiar structures of the plant cell and their functions, tissues and organs.
2. Knowledge of the morphological characters of the most common botanical families represented in the Italian flora and of the main species of medicinal interest.
3. Knowledge of the chemistry of secondary metabolites their biosynthesis and classification.
4. Update on the current legislation concerning "botanicals".
The knowledge and skills obtained will serve as basis for courses Pharmacognosy
Examination methods: Three tests are planned. It is necessary to report a positive result in each of the three tests. The final mark is expressed as the average value of the three scores.
The first written test is about Plant Biology (30 short answer questions, and recognition of two microscopic structures, presented as printed images).
Two more written tests are planned for the Pharmaceutical Botany. The first test consists of 30 short answer questions, related to the general concepts; a second test is aimed at the knowledge of 10 botanical species among those studied, which must indicate in detail the botanical family, the bearing, the drug and the active metabolites contained in it.
Assessment criteria: The evaluation of the student's preparation is based on the knowledge of the topics and concecepts proposed.
The student has to demonstrate:
- to know the main features of the plant cell which differentiate from the animal cells and to know the function of these diversities;
- to know the basic concepts of the secondary metabolism;
- to identify and appreciate medicinal plants (their micro and macroscopic characteristic and chemical composition), the first condition for quality assurance of plant drugs.
For tests with 30 questions the evaluation includes: 1 point less for each wrong answer or no answer given.
The recognition of printed images affects the final mark with a score of -1, 0, to 1 point.
For the second test (knowledge of plant species), each species is worth 3 points assigned entirely when the questions for each species are completely correct.
Course unit contents: PLANT BIOLOGY, or Pharmaceutical Biology, is the knowledge of plant cells, tissues and organs to understand the synthesis and accumulation of secondary metabolites of pharmaceutical interest. The course also includes the microscopic recognition of plant drugs in order to use them correctly.
Origin of life. Evolution: from prokaryotes to
the photosynthetic eukaryotic cell. Appearance of multicellularity.
Emergence from the aquatic environment: how plants have colonized the earth, problems of adaptation to a terrestrial environment.
The cell: the basic unit of living organisms. Plant cell vs animal cell: similarities and differences. The chemistry of plants.
The wall: structure, composition, modifications and functions.
The vacuole: biogenesis, tonoplast, vacuole sap, solid inclusions and functions.
Plastids: proplastids, etioplasts, proteinoplasts, elaioplasts,
amyloplasts, chromoplasts, chloroplasts, gerontoplasts. Chlorophylls and accessory pigments.
Plant histology.
Primary and secondary meristematic tissues.
Parenchyma tissues: ground parenchyma, chlorenchyma, aerenchyma,
parenchyma aquifer , reserve parenchyma, transfusion parenchyma and conduction parenchyma.
Tegumental tissues: epidermis, stomata, trichomes, rhizoderma,
exoderm, endoderm and cork.
Support tissues: collenchyma and sclerenchyma.
Vascular tissues: xylem and floem.
Secretory tissues: external secretory tissues and internal secretory tissues.
Organography.
Stem, root, leaf, flower and fruit: structures and their modifications.
PHARMACETICAL BOTANY.
Classification and role of secondary metabolits in plants: biosynthetic pathways.
Morphological and phytochemical characteristics of the botanical
families and of the main species of medicinal interest.
- Algae: general information and main taxa.
- Lichens: General information and main taxa.
- Gymnosperms: General information. Main taxa of medicinal interest of the following families: Ginkgoaceae,Taxaceae, Ephedraceae.
-Angiosperms: according to secondary metabolites main species belonging to different families are studied.
1. Magnoliopsida o Dicotyledones. General information. Main taxa of medicinal interest of the following families: Fagaceae, Betulaceae, Salicaceae, Juglandaceae, Moraceae, Cannabaceae, Urticaceae, Santalaceae, Viscaceae, Polygonaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Cactaceae, Euphorbiaceae Hamamelidaceae, Myristicaceae, Illiciaceae, Monimiaceae, Lauraceae, Menispermaceae, Ranunculaceae, Berberidaceae, Papaveraceae, Brassicaceae, Caricaceae, Theaceae, Rosaceae, Fabaceae, Myrtaceae, Araliaceae, Apiaceae, Tiliaceae, Malvaceae, Sterculiaceae, Linaceae, Zygophyllaceae, Erythroxylaceae, Rutaceae, Burseraceae, Polygalaceae, Sapindaceae, Hippocastanaceae, Aquifoliaceae, Rhamnaceae, Vitaceae, Piperaceae, Ericaceae, Primulaceae, Oleaceae, Gentianaceae, Apocynaceae, Rubiaceae, Convolvulaceae, Lamiaceae, Solanaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Pedaliaceae, Plantaginaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Valerianaceae, Asteraceae.
2. Liliopsida o Monocotyledones. General information. Main taxa of medicinal interest of the following families: Alliaceae, Liliaceae, Ruscaceae, Iridaceae, Agavaceae, Zingiberaceae.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course consists of lectures, which explains the different subjects on the basis of illustrated educational materials (slides) that are entirely provided to the students, through Moodle
Additional notes about suggested reading: The presentations used in the lessons will be available to the students.
It is essential, however, that this material is integrated with the
lesson notes.
Consultation of reference texts may be useful.

Sites to consult
http://www.salute.gov.it/
http://www.efsa.europa.eu/
http://www.herbal-ahp.org/
http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/
http://www.ehtpa.eu/
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • FELICE SENATORE, BIOLOGIA E BOTANICA FARMACEUTICA. PADOVA: PICCIN, 2012. testo di studio Cerca nel catalogo
  • MARCELLO NICOLETTI, BOTANICA FARMACEUTICA. NAPOLI: EdiSES, 2007. testo di studio Cerca nel catalogo
  • PAUL M.DEWICK, CHIMICA,BIOSINTESI E BIOATTIVITA' DELLE SOSTANZE NATURALI. PADOVA: PICCIN, 2013. testo di consultazione Cerca nel catalogo
  • FABIO FIRENZUOLI, INTERAZIONI TRA ERBE,ALIMENTI E FARMACI. MILANO: TECNICHE NUOVE, 2008. testo di consultazione Cerca nel catalogo
  • (a cura di) ALESSANDRO BRUNI, BIOLOGIA FARMACEUTICA. LONDON: PERSON, 2014. testo di studio Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Interactive lecturing

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Good Health and Well-Being Life on Land