First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Human and Social Sciences and Cultural Heritage
Course unit
SUP5072457, A.A. 2015/16

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2015/16

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
LE0607, Degree course structure A.Y. 2013/14, A.Y. 2015/16
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 9.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination THE MAKING OF THE MODERN MIDDLE EAST 1830-1930
Department of reference Department of Historical and Geographic Sciences and the Ancient World
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction English
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge ERIK JAN ZUERCHER

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses M-STO/04 Contemporary History 9.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 9.0 63 162.0 No turn

Start of activities 01/03/2016
End of activities 11/06/2016
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Examination board
Examination board not defined

Prerequisites: Good knowledge of English; good knowledge of the main topics concerning contemporary history.
Target skills and knowledge: The course aims to use the historical context of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence of a new nation state, the Republic of Turkey, to discuss and analyze four major issues that played a dominant role in the history of this period: the emergence of the modern state, the impact of war, nationalism and nation building, and the role of religion and secularism.
Examination methods: -Students are required to write an analytical term paper on a topic to be determined in consultation with the instructor.
-Students are free to formulate a research topic that is related to the themes and time frame encompassed in this course.
-Students are required to submit a “rough-draft” consisting of a single paragraph summary of their research question together with relevant bibliography at the designated due date.
-The research paper must use one of the proper academic citation systems (APA or Chicago preferred) and it must be authentic. The paper must conform to the designated limit of 5000 words. Plagiarism will be checked and automatically means failing the class.
Assessment criteria: The final grade of this course will be composed of the following elements:
-In-class participation (20%)
-Presentation on a course related topic in class (20%)
-Term paper rough-draft (%10)
-5000-word essay (term paper) (50%)
Course unit contents: Modern Turkey came into existence in the period 1908-1945, in which traumatic and revolutionary developments followed each other in quick succession: the constitutional revolution, eleven years of war, mass migration and mass murder, the end of a 600-year old empire and almost the partition of the remains among the victors in World War I. At the same time it is the period of political experiments, the building of a national economy and the birth of Turkish nationalism. The republic is both heir to all of these developments and a daring experiment in nation building and modernization.

The course is divided into four blocks. These blocks are thematic, but they have also been arranged in a rough chronological order.

1.0 Introduction
Introduction Class:
Dedicated to the discussion of course logistics, aims and material. Getting to know each other, each other’s background and expectations of the course.

Block 1: The emergence of the modern state
1.1 Towards new notions of legitimate rule
Lecture: from Circle of Justice to Social Contract
1.2 Incorporation: trade, loans and investment
Lecture: Incorporation, modernization and the Ottoman debt
1.3 The growth of bureaucracy and army
Lecture: the logic and effects of a growing state

Block 2: The impact of war
2.1 The lost provinces
Lecture: The Young Turks and the borderlands
2.2 Demographic engineering in Anatolia
Lecture: -How refugees become killers – the cases of Çerkes Reşit, Abdülhalik Renda and Bahaettin Şakir
2.3 The Great War in the Middle East
Lecture: A pre-industrial state in an industrial war 1914-18

Block 3 Building the nation state
3.1 New borders, new states
Lecture: The ‘National Struggle’ for empire and Nation State
Rough-draft Due Date: this week is the due date for the term paper rough-drafts. Please bring your print outs to the classroom and send them to instructor’s email address on the same day
Lecture: Turkey and the world crisis – from authoritarianism to totalitarianism?
3.3 Atatürk
Lecture: Father, Teacher and Hero

Block 4: Ideological currents
4.1 The legacy of positivism, Darwinism and materialism
Lecture: Comte, Le Bon, Durkheim and the Young Turks
4.2 The Turkish version of secularism: good and bad Islam
Lecture: Religion and state in the late empire and the early republic
4.3 Nationalism
Lecture: Young Turks, Ottoman Muslims and Turkish nationalists
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course foresees lectures and open discussions, where students are welcome to raise questions and issues that may foster debate.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Primary sources:
Block 1:
- Gülhane Edict (Tanzimat Fermânı or Gülhane Hatt-ı Şerifî)
- French-Ottoman trade treaty
- Table of Ottoman loans
- Pictures of Hamidian buildings, everyday life and clock towers. Please follow the links for the access of the primary sources: Hamidian Era Photo Collection: (Just press "View All" on the page) Hamidian Era Ottoman Clock Towers:
- Pictures of Hamidian buildings, everyday life and clock towers. Please follow the links for the access of the primary sources: Hamidian Era Photo Collection: (Just press "View All" on the page) Hamidian Era Ottoman Clock Towers:
Block 2:
-Carnegie Report on the atrocities and misconduct in the Balkan Wars
For those having problem with the download of the Primary Source file, the web link is:
- Murat Bardakçı, Talât Paşa'nın Evrak-ı Metrukesi, pgs: 22-26, 28-33, 149-151.
- Fethiye Çetin, My Grandmother. A Memoir, 1-3; 51-55;62-80.
excerpt from Falih Rıfkı Atay, Zeytindağı (French translation available)
Block 3:
-Maps of Sykes-Picot, Sèvres and Lausanne.
-Soviet documentary on the 10th anniversary celebrations (download).
-"Turkish Youth Promises to Atatürk".
- Harold Armstrong, Grey Wolf, 254-284.
Block 4:
-"Pek Uyanık Bir Uyku".
Ziya Gökalp, The Principles of Turkism, 49-61.
-“Atatürk, İkinci Kastamonu Konuşması”, 30.08.1925.
-Yusuf Akçura, Üç tarz-ı siyaset.
The Turkish national anthem (Independence March).
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)