First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Medicine
Course unit
FAL1001671, A.A. 2015/16

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2015/16

Information on the course unit
Degree course 5 years single cycle degree in
FA1732, Degree course structure A.Y. 2009/10, A.Y. 2015/16
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 10.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination ZOOLOGY BIOLOGY AND HUMAN ANATOMY
Department of reference Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit is available ONLY for students enrolled in PHARMACY

Teacher in charge MARIA TERESA CONCONI BIO/16

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses BIO/16 Human Anatomy 10.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 10.0 80 170.0 No turn

Start of activities 01/10/2015
End of activities 28/01/2016
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2018 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
8 Commissione a.a. 2018/19 03/12/2018 30/09/2019 CONCONI MARIA TERESA (Presidente)
DI LIDDO ROSA (Membro Effettivo)
7 Commissione a.a. 2017/18 01/12/2017 30/09/2018 CONCONI MARIA TERESA (Presidente)
DI LIDDO ROSA (Membro Effettivo)
6 Commissione a.a. 2016/17 01/12/2016 30/09/2017 CONCONI MARIA TERESA (Presidente)
DI LIDDO ROSA (Membro Effettivo)
5 Commissione a.a. 2015-2016 01/10/2015 30/09/2016 CONCONI MARIA TERESA (Presidente)
DI LIDDO ROSA (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: none
Target skills and knowledge: The students will learn about the organization of tissues and organs of the human body. This knowledge will allow them to better understand the subsequent classes of biochemistry, physiology, pathology and pharmacology.
Knowledge of the macroscopic structure of internal organs and anatomical apparatuses will be linked to their microscopic structure and function.
Examination methods: The contents of the course may be divided into two parts: i) part I biology, histology,integumentary, cardiovascular, and lymphatic systems ; ii) part II respiratory, digestive, urinary, endocrine, and nervous systems. The final score is the media of the scores obtained in each part. At the beginning of the first lesson of the course, the schedule of the examinations for the whole academic year is given to the students: three written examinations (two during the course and one at the end of April) and five oral ones (two on February, one on June, one on July, one on September). Written examinations consist of three questions (60 minutes) related to the topics discussed during the classes.
Course unit contents: To describe structural organization of human body at both macroscopic and microscopic levels. At the end of the course the student will acquire knowledge on main morphological features of systems, apparatus and organs. In particular: features of the tissues and their organization levels; macroscopic structure of organs and their localization; histological structure (microscopic and ultramicroscopic) of organs related to their function.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: BIOLOGY
Organelle structures of the eukariotic cell: plasma membrane, cytoskeleton, smooth endoplasmatic reticulum, rough endoplasmatic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes and perossisomes, mitochondrium, nucleus, nucleolus, ribosomes. Chromatin, chromosomes.
Permeability of plasma membrane: passive transport (diffusion, carriers, ion channels), active transport, ATPases, endocytosis, esocytosis. Cell adhesion: gap, tight, and anchoring junctions. Cell cycle, mitosis e meiosis. Necrosis e apoptosis.

The epithelial tissues: basal membrane; surfacing and glandular epithelia; classification and main localizations; sensory epithelia.
The connective tissues: extracellular matrix; connective tissue proper, adipose tissue, cartilage, bone. The blood: hematopoiesis, plasma, morphology and functions of blood cells.
The muscle: skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle; neuromuscular junction; muscle contraction
The nervous tissue: neuron; classification of neurons; synapses; myelin. Neuroglial cells: structure and function.

The integumentary system: The structure and function of skin. Skin glands.
The locomotor system: The vertebral column. The thorax. The pelvis. Bones of the skull. Classifications of joints; joint of knee.
The cardiovascular system: Gross and microscopic anatomy of heart, electrical conducting system, fibrous skeleton and heart valves. Pericardium. Systemic and pulmonar circulations. Aorta and its main vessels. Circle of Willis. Main venous vessels. Portal system. Structure of blood vessels. Angiogenesis.
The lymphatic system: Lympha. Structure and function of lymphatics. Bone marrow, thymus, spleen, and lymphonodes.
The respiratory system (gross, microscopic and functional anatomy): nasal cavity, larinx, trachea and bronchi, lung, alveoli, pleurae.
The digestive system (gross, microscopic and functional anatomy): mouth, tong, salivary glands, pharynx, esofagus, stomach, small and large intestine. Liver, biliary ducts, gallbladder. Pancreas. Peritoneum and its main functions.
The urinary system (gross, microscopic and functional anatomy): kidney, nephron, juxtaglomerular apparatus, urinary ducts.
The endocrine system: structure of hypophysis cerebri, pineal body, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, chromafin and cortical systems and pancreas.
The female reproductive system:
ovaries, uterine tube, uterus

Organization of SNC. Gross and microscopic anatomy of spinal cord, medulla oblongata, pons, and mesencephalon. Cerebellum: morphology, structure and functions. Diencephalon: morphology and structure of hypothalamus, thalamus, subthalamu, epythalamus, metathalamus. Telencephalon: morphology, commissural fibers, capsulae, basal ganglia, cerebral cortex. Motor and sensory areas. Lymbic system. Ventricular system and cerebrospinal fluid. Meninges. Blood-brain barrier.
Peripheryc nervous system.
Structures of nerves. Main features of spinal and cranial nerves. Dermatome.
Somatic nervous system. Cutaneous receptor, exteroception pathways. Muscle spindles e Golgi tendon organ, proprioception pathways. Pyramidal and extrapyramidal system.
Autonomic nervous system. Interoception pathways. Structure and function of sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.
The eye.
Tunics and chambers. The optic nerve and optic reflexes. Reflex arc.
The ear.
External, middle, and internal ear. Coclear nerve and vestibular nerve.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Pdf files of lessons will be available on moodle. To download these files, the student must follow the instructions that will be provided during the first lesson of the course.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Martini, Timmons, Tallitsch, Anatomia Umana. --: EdiSES, --. Cerca nel catalogo