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degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY
Course unit
INDUSTRIAL PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
SCP4064572, A.A. 2016/17

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2014/15

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY
SC1157, Degree course structure A.Y. 2014/15, A.Y. 2016/17
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 10.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination INDUSTRIAL PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
Website of the academic structure http://chimicaindustriale.scienze.unipd.it/2012/laurea
Department of reference Department of Chemical Sciences
E-Learning website https://elearning.unipd.it/chimica/course/view.php?idnumber=2016-SC1157-000ZZ-2014-SCP4064572-N0
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Branch PADOVA
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Lecturers
Teacher in charge ARMANDO GENNARO
Other lecturers SAVERIO SANTI CHIM/02

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines CHIM/02 Physical Chemistry 9.0
Other -- -- 1.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 3rd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
hours
Hours of
Individual study
Shifts
Practice 3.0 30 45.0 No turn
Laboratory 1.5 18 19.5 2
Lecture 5.5 44 93.5 No turn

Calendar
Start of activities 27/02/2017
End of activities 09/06/2017
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2014 course timetable

Examination board
Examination board not defined

Syllabus
Prerequisites: Knowledge of mathematics (Mathematics),thermodynamics (Physical Chemistry 1) and mechanics (General Physics 1).
Target skills and knowledge: The course is aimed at the approach of non-equilibrium thermodynamics, to acquire the necessary knowledge for the study of industrial processes, with reference both to the physical transformations and to the chemical one. As regards chemical transformations, the course tends to provide knowledge about the main types of complex reactions in the gas phase and in condensed phase, fundamental theories of chemical kinetics and mechanistic interpretation, structure-reactivity relationships and the effects of the medium. In addition the course will provide the student with the knowledge necessary to perform in the laboratory kinetic measurements and to interpret the information in scientific publications and monographs.
Regarding to the physical transformations, the course will provide the basic knowledge for the description of transport phenomena and the ability to set and fix the balance for the most important physical properties for which the principle of conservation applies.
Part of the course (10 hours) will be devoted to activities for entering the world of work in collaboration with Confindustria Veneto.
Examination methods: The examination will be oral, based on the topics of the lessons and on the experiments carried out in the laboratory.
Assessment criteria: The evaluation of the student's preparation will be based on its understanding of arguments in class and on the ability to demonstrate the kinetic theories, to derive the kinetic law of main types of complex reactions, to set and fix the balance for the most important physical properties for which the principle of conservation applies, to perform simple laboratory experiments and to prepare clear and concise reports on the experiments carried out in the laboratory.
Course unit contents: Part A (5 ETCS)
Effect of temperature on reaction rate, equations of Van't Hoff and Arrhenius; effect of temperature in complex reactions. Boltzmann distribution Law. Collision theory. Introduction to Statistical Thermodynamics: the partition functions. Theory of absolute rate. Lindemann-Christiansen’s theory. Hammond's postulate. Thermodynamic formulation of the Transition State Theory. Interpretation of thermodynamic parameters of activation: nucleophilic substitution reaction SN1 and SN2. Medium effect. Solvent effect: change in dipole moment, Kirkwood's theory. Ions in solution: theory of Debye-Hückel and the electrostatic theory. Effect of hydrostatic pressure. Basic NMR. Larmor frequency and Zeeman splitting. Pulsed NMR. Chemical shift and multiplicity. Dynamic NMR: determination of equilibrium and dynamics of activation energy of N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF).
The Marcus theory.

Activities for entering the world of work in collaboration with Confindustria Veneto (1 CFU).

Laboratory experiences.
Kinetics of hydrolysis of a tertiary alkyl halide:
-temperature effect;
-solvent effect.
Dynamic NMR: exchange kinetics of N,N-dimethylformamide.


Part B (5 ETCS)
Transport phenomena: transient and steady state. Transport of momentum: motion of real fluids, the momentum diffusivity, pressure drops, equations of motion in different situations; introduction to turbulent motion. Heat transfer: conduction, thermal diffusivity, transport equations under different conditions, transmission between the phases, transport by convection. Transitional Regime. Radiation.
Balance of industrial processes: balance in steady state regime. Classification of processes and general balance equation. Energy Balances; balances in the absence and in the presence of chemical reactions.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The lectures and exercises in the classroom are provided through lectures and exercises using slides and complemented by some laboratory experiments in chemical kinetics.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Handouts and slides used during the lectures will be provided by the teacher. Some in-depth texts will be suggested.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • R.B. Bird; W.E. Stewart, E.N. Lightfoot, Fenomeni di trasporto. Milano: Ambrosiana, 1970. per consultazione Cerca nel catalogo
  • K. S. Laidler,, Chemical Kinetics. http://www.abebooks.com: Prentice Hall, 1989. Third Edition Cerca nel catalogo
  • K. A. Connors, "", VCH, Chemical Kinetics. New York: VCH, 1990.