First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Human and Social Sciences and Cultural Heritage
Course unit
SUP3050891, A.A. 2018/19

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2014/15

Information on the course unit
Degree course 5 years single cycle degree in
IA1870, Degree course structure A.Y. 2011/12, A.Y. 2018/19
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Degree course track Common track
Number of ECTS credits allocated 9.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination BASICS AND DIDACTICS OF BIOLOGY
Department of reference Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education and Applied Psychology
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit CANNOT be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit is available ONLY for students enrolled in PRIMARY TEACHER EDUCATION (Ord. 2011)

Teacher in charge LORIANO BALLARIN BIO/05

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses BIO/05 Zoology 4.0
Core courses BIO/09 Physiology 5.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 5th Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Laboratory 1.0 16 9.0 No turn
Lecture 8.0 60 140.0 No turn

Start of activities 25/02/2019
End of activities 14/06/2019

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
4 2018/19 01/10/2018 30/11/2019 BALLARIN LORIANO (Presidente)
3 2017/18 01/10/2017 30/11/2018 BALLARIN LORIANO (Presidente)

Prerequisites: None
Target skills and knowledge: The module “Foundations of Biology” aims to provide basic knowledge of Biology, such as the main features of the living cell, the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell, advantages and disadvantages of unicellularity and pluricellularity. Moreover, reproduction will be presented as a typical feature of living organisms and the various modalities of reproduction will be presented. Finally, the main representatives of the animal, vegetal and fungal kingdom will be examined.
The module “ Didactics of Biology aims to stimulate students to an experimental research perspective in order to provide some useful approaches for reaching Biology. Some methodologies useful to face, in a competent and modern way, the didactics of Biology in nursery and primary school will be presented, together with some basic contents of Biology. Particular attention will be devoted to fundamental, important themes for biological knowledge, on which the connections among the structural concepts required to deal with the topic will be identified. Mental representations of children and adults will be discussed, considering problems and cognitive obstacles.
Examination methods: The exam is split in two independent tests, each of which will contribute to the final mark, proportionally to the CFU number.
The module “Fundamentals of Biology” forecasts a written test where the student is required to answer appropriately a series of questions (opens and multiple-choice questions).
The module “Didactics of Biology also has a final, written test, where the student is asked to answer a series of open/closed questions, eventually followed by an oral integration.
Assessment criteria: In the module “Fundamentals of Biology”, the evaluation will be based on the comprehension of the topics discussed in the class.
In the module “Didactics of Biology” the knowledge of disciplinary contents, the expository clarity and the use of an appropriate terminology will be evaluated, as well as the capability to apply unconventional didactic methodologies based on the scientific method.
Course unit contents: Fundamentals of Biology:
1 – Cellular organisation. Properties of water and biological macromolecules. Organisation levels of living organisms: unicellularity e pluricellularity. Unicellular organisms: prokaryotes and eukaryotes and the different cellular organisations. Prokaryotes and the origins of metabolic diversity: bacteria and archaea. Protists and the origin of pluricellularity. Animal and plant eukaryotic cell: a comparison. Nucleus and chromosomes, citoplasmic organelles, cytoskeleton.
2 - Reproduction. Cell cycle: interphase, mitosis and cytokinesis. Asexual reproduction in prokaryotes, protists and pluricellular eukaryotes. Sexuality in prokariotes and protists. Advantages of sexuality. Somatic and germ lines. Meiosis. Sexual reproduction in animals. Gonads and gametes. Sex determination (genic, chromosomic and environmental). Gametogenesis (spermatogenesis and oogenesis). Types of eggs. Internal and external fertilisation. Acrosomal and cortical reactions. Cleavage. Gynogenesis and parthenogenesis. Ermaphroditism. Mendel laws
3 - Diversity of living organisms. Main phyla of invertebrate and vertebrate animals: cnidarian, flatworms, anellids, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, chordates. aploid, diploid and aplodiploid living cycles. Sexual reproduction in plants and evolution of the living cycle with particular reference to mosses, ferns and spermatophytes. Seed and its meaning. Fruit. Fungi and their reproduction. Viruses.

Didactics of Biology:
1 – How to teach Biology in nursery and primary schools.
2 – The variety of living organisms.
3 – The biological evolution.
4 – The body of humans and other animals.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course forecasts lessons and laboratory activities, during which various didactic strategies will be used to favour the interaction between teacher and students.
Additional notes about suggested reading: The material presented in the class as PowerPoint presentations will be available to students in the tramite Moodle platform and will integrate the content of the suggested textbooks (for the module “Fundamentals of Biology”, a Biology textbook of the secondary school can be used for the preparation of the exam).
Lessons can be flanked by short, movies useful to the comprehension of the topics.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Santovito G., Insegnare la Biologia ai bambini. Dalla scuola dell’infanzia al primo ciclo d’istruzione.. Roma: Carocci, 2015. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Curtis H., Barnes N.S., Invito alla biologia. Bologna: Zanichelli, 2009. Cerca nel catalogo

Innovative teaching methods: Teaching and learning strategies
  • Working in group
  • Questioning
  • Active quizzes for Concept Verification Tests and class discussions
  • Use of online videos
  • Loading of files and pages (web pages, Moodle, ...)

Innovative teaching methods: Software or applications used
  • Moodle (files, quizzes, workshops, ...)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Quality Education Life on Land