First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Course unit
AVP3052611, A.A. 2018/19

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2014/15

Information on the course unit
Degree course 5 years single cycle degree in
MV0991, Degree course structure A.Y. 2011/12, A.Y. 2018/19
bring this page
with you
Number of ECTS credits allocated 5.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination CLINICS IN REPRODUCTION (FOOD SAFETY)
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Animal Medicine, Production and Health
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction English, Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit CANNOT be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit is available ONLY for students enrolled in VETERINARY MEDICINE (Ord. 2011)

Teacher in charge STEFANO ROMAGNOLI VET/10
Other lecturers MARIA ELENA FALOMO VET/10

Course unit code Course unit name Teacher in charge Degree course code

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses VET/10 Clinical Veterinary Obstetrics and Gynaecology 5.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 5th Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 1.0 10 15.0 No turn
Lecture 4.0 40 60.0 No turn

Start of activities 01/10/2018
End of activities 18/01/2019
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
6 Commissione a.a. 2018/19 01/12/2018 30/11/2019 ROMAGNOLI STEFANO (Presidente)
FALOMO MARIA ELENA (Membro Effettivo)
5 Commissione a.a. 2017/18 01/12/2017 30/11/2018 ROMAGNOLI STEFANO (Presidente)
FALOMO MARIA ELENA (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: Students are expected to have a sound understanding of anatomy and physiology of gonadal function as well as of physiology of the reproductive cycle of all domestic species as well as of exotic companion and wild animals. Having successfully passed the final exam of the course of Obstetrics and Pathology of Reproduction is a mandatory requirement
Target skills and knowledge: Students are expected to learn the basics of management of the reproductive cycle and how to identify and treat the most common diseases of food animals (ruminants and swine) and horses.
Furthermore, they will be expected to know how to a) monitor
and control the reproductive cycle of bitches,
queens, ferrets and other exotic and wild species, b) perform artificial insemination and diagnose and treat the most common diseases of the reproductive tract of dogs, cats and exotics animal species
Examination methods: The final exam will consist of a practical part (in which students will be expected to demonstrate procedures learnt during small animal and food animal practical labs), a written part (multiple choice and short assay type quizzes) and an oral examination (separately on small animal, equine and food animal reproduction) at the end of the course. The score will be composed as follows: 5% practical part on small animals; 5% practical part on large animals; 30% exam on small animals; 30% exam on food animals; 30% exam on equine. The 30% of the score on small animal will be compounded with a maximum of an extra 2 points which may be gained by finding the correct solution to the clinical cases presented during the Flipped Classrooms (see over). Each part is fundamental for passing the exam; students failing even one practical part, or the written part or one of the oral parts will have to repeat the exam. Sections of the exam already satisfactorily passed will be kept as valid until the following exam session, after which the exam will have to be repeated fully.
Assessment criteria: Students will be evaluated relative to their theoretical knowledge but also with regard to their ability to solve the most common practical problems encountered in daily clinical practice (which will be dealt with in class)
Course unit contents: FOOD ANIMALS
Clinical exam of the reproductive tract
Heat detection
Artificial insemination
Reproduction in buffaloes
Reproduction in small ruminants
Pharmacologic manipulation of the reproductive cycle in seasonal and non-seasonal species
Clinical approach to the peripartum diseases
Vaginal and uterine prolapse
Reproductive health management programs
Assisted Reproductive Technologies

Management of transition phase
Artificial insemination
Fertilization, early development and placental formation
Management of twin embryos
Embryonic death in mares
The prefoaling period
Parturition and dystocia
Retained placenta
Abortion due to infection, placentitis
Uterine cultures, cytology and biopsy
Biotechnologies in animal reproduction

The small animal module of this course will be taught entirely in English and will be organized using the so called “Flipped Classroom Approach”, At the beginning of the course the following material will be available online:
A)A set of Class notes plus the following .ppt presentations
1. Course introduction; interpretation of vaginal cytology serum P4, clinical cases of breeding management;
2. Clinical cases of Pregnancy & Pseudopregnancy, pregnancy complications, dystocia; decision criteria for performing a C-section
3. Neonatology: images of normal and abnormal neonates; videos on neonatal resuscitation, oro-gastric feeding, intraosseous fluid administration;
4. Estradiol-related and progesterone-related conditions – physiopathology of pyometra; relationships between P4 and GH; feline mammary hyperplasia
5. Infertility in the bitch and queen – infectious causes, breeding management, behavioral problems
6. Neutering-related conditions – videos on surgical castration in dogs and cats; disadvantages of castration; clinical cases of heat after neutering; urinary incontinence
7. Andrology – videos on semen collection in dogs and cats, artificial insemination in dogs; infertility in the male; videos on prostatic fine needle aspiration;
8. Physiopathology on prostatic hypertrophy; testicular diseases;

These 8 Lectures will be followed by 5 Flipped Classrooms
The Small Animal Reproduction module consists also of the following 4 seminars (which will be held in Italian):
- Practical aspects on the control of free roaming animals in shelters (Dr. Aldo Costa, State Veterinary Officer Region of Veneto)
- Reproduction of exotic and wild animal species (Dr. Donatella Gelli, Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Medicine, Production and Health, University of Padova)
- Practical aspects of reproduction and reproductive peculiarities of canine and feline breeds (Dr. Anna Lorenzon, private veterinary practitioner, Venice, Italy)
- Practical aspects of managing a small animal clinic (Dr. Stefano Mori, private veterinary practitioner, Livorno, Italy)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: (clinical path)
lectures = 56 hours
practical = 10 hours
lab = 16 hours

(food safety path)
lectures = 40 hours
practical = 10 hours

The small animal part of the course (present in both the clinical and food safety paths) will start with 8 classical type lectures on the above topics 1 through 8. These lectures will not be a formal description of each condition (physiopathology, clinical signs, treatment etc.). Instead, attention will be given to practical issues of each disease showing what cannot be shown on a textbook such as pictures and videos of clinical cases, clinical procedures, drug reactions etc. Time saved in avoiding to discuss what students can study directly on class notes will be used during the second part of the course to organize 5 Flipped Classroom sessions during which students in groups of 4 (the 4 of the Practical Training group) will have to solve 1-2 clinical cases/lecture working together.
For the resolution of clinical cases students will be allowed to use class notes, textbooks as well as internet. The correct solution of each case will be provided by the teacher within the 7 days following each Flipped Classroom session; by comparing the solutions provided by the teacher with what they had written during the Flipped Classroom session student will have to give themselves a score (which the teacher will subsequently check). The correct solution of each case will allow students to gain up to a mximum of 2 point which will be added to the score of the small animal part of the exam.

A Fundamental part of the course will be the practical training (TIROCINIO) which students will have to follow performing hands-on clinical work under the supervision of a clinician
Additional notes about suggested reading: A set of Class Notes (written by all teachers of the Reproduction group in 2008) is available for download, which features a great deal of theoretical information. Students should be aware of the fact that this set of Class Notes alone IS NOT SUFFICIENT to pass the exam). The textbooks listed below are fundamental for a sound preparation allowing the student to pass the final exam

Furthermore, students will be provided with all the .pdf files of each lectures

Slides used for lessons will be available on Moodle platform (
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Youngquist RS, Threlfall WR,,, Current Therapy in Large Animal Theriogenology 2,... New York::: Saunders, Elseviers, 2007. Cerca nel catalogo
  • England G, Von Heimendhal A,,, BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Reproduction and Neonatology. Birmingham, UK: BSAVA, 2010.
  • McKinnon AO, Voss, Equine Reproduction. Philadelphia, USA: Williams and Wilkins, 1995. Cerca nel catalogo